Autoped

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Autoped
1919 Autoped Ever Ready
Manufacturer Autoped Company, Krupp
Also called Krupp-Roller
Production 1915–1921 (Autoped)
1919–1922 (Krupp)
Class Motor scooter
Motorized scooter
Engine 155 cc air-cooled single (Autoped)
191 cc air-cooled single (Krupp)
Bore / stroke 56 mm × 63 mm (Autoped)
Top speed 20 mph (32 km/h) (Autoped)
35 km/h (22 mph) (Krupp)
Power 1.1 kW (1.5 hp) (Autoped)
1.3 kW (1.7 hp) (Krupp)
Ignition type Flywheel magneto[1]
Transmission clutch operated by handlebar column
Frame type welded steel
Suspension none
Tires 10 inches (250 mm) diameter

The Autoped was an early motor scooter or motorized scooter manufactured by the Autoped Company of Long Island City, New York[2] from 1915 to 1921.[3][4]

The driver stood on a platform with 10-inch tires[4] and operated the machine using only the handlebars and steering column,[2][3] pushing them forward to engage the clutch, using a lever on the handlebar to control the throttle, and pulling the handlebars and column back to disengage the clutch and apply the brake.[1][3] After riding, the steering column would be folded onto the platform to store the scooter more easily. The engine was an air-cooled, 4-stroke, 155 cc engine over the front wheel.[2][3] The bike came with a headlamp and tail lamp, a Klaxon horn, and a toolbox. Developed during wartime and gasoline rationing, it was quite efficient, but was not widely distributed.[2] An electric version was also available with a motor on the front wheel.[1]

Krupp licence-built Autoped with seat

A patent for the Autoped as a "self-propelled vehicle" was applied for in July 1913 and granted in July 1916.[5][6] An early description of the Autoped described it as having a hollow steering column that acted as the fuel tank.[7] However, the production version had a fuel tank above the front mudguard.[3]

The Autoped went out of production in the United States in 1921,[3] but was manufactured by Krupp in Germany from 1919 to 1922.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Partridge 1976, p. 70.
  2. ^ a b c d Johnston.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Wilson 1995, p. 22.
  4. ^ a b Jacquet.
  5. ^ Gibson 1916.
  6. ^ U.S. Patent 1,192,514
  7. ^ Windsor 1914, p. 163.
  8. ^ Wilson 1995, p. 243.
Historical photo of an Autoped in use by a traffic cop, 1922

References[edit]

  • Jacquet, Florian (ed.). "ScooterManiac - Autoped". ScooterManiac. Florian JACQUET, webmaster. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  • Johnston, Paul F. (ed.). "America On The Move - Pope, Cleveland, Autoped, and Simplex". America On The Move. Smithsonian National Museum of American History. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
  • Partridge, Michael (1976). "1916 1¾ hp Autoped Scooter". Motorcycle Pioneers: The Men, the Machines, the Events 1860-1930. David & Charles (Publishers). pp. 70–71. ISBN 0 7153 7 209 2. 
  • US patent 1192514, Gibson, Arthur Hugo Cecil, "SELF-PROPELLED VEHICLE", issued 1916-07-25, assigned to Auto-Ped Company of America 
  • Wilson, Hugo (1995). The Encyclopedia of the Motorcycle. London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7513-0206-6. 
  • Windsor, H. H., ed. (August 1914). "New Power Vehicle Built on Unique Lines". Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. 22 (2): 163. ISSN 0032-4558. The engine, 212 hp., is built in the front wheel, and the steering pillar is hollow, serving also as the gasoline-supply tank. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]