Autostrada A1 (Italy)

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Autostrada A1 shield}}
Autostrada A1
Route information
Part of E35 and E45
Maintained by ANAS
Length759.6 km (472.0 mi)
Existed1964–present
Major junctions
North end A50 / A51 in Milan
Major intersections A21 in Piacenza
A15 in Parma
A22 / SS 12 in Modena
A13 / A14 in Bologna
A11 / RA 3 in Florence
RA 6 in Bettolle-Valdichiana
SS 3 bis / SS 675 in Terni
A1 dir / GRA in Fiano Romano
A24 / GRA in Lunghezza
A1 dir / GRA in San Cesareo
A30 in Caserta
South end A3 / A16 in Naples
Location
CountryItaly
RegionsLombardy, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany, Umbria, Lazio, Campania
Highway system
A 91 A 2
Autostrada A1 at San Giuliano Milanese
Autostrada A1 at Reggio Emilia
Autostrada A1 at Calenzano
Autostrada A1 at Cassino
Autostrada A1 at Caserta

The Autostrada A1, nicknamed Autostrada del Sole ("Sun Motorway"), is the longest (760 kilometres (470 mi))[1] autostrada (Italian for "motorway") in Italy,[2][3] linking some of the largest cities of the country: Milan, Bologna, Florence, Rome and Naples. It is a part of the E35 and E45 European routes. The mountain crossing from Bologna to Florence is known as Variante di Valico.

History[edit]

Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, successive administrations wanted this major infrastructure project to be completed as quickly as possible, as it would be a great boost for the national economy. Construction began in 1956, and the highway was opened to traffic by then-prime minister Aldo Moro on 4 October 1964.[4]

The A1 reduced travel time between Milan and Naples from two days to just seven to eight hours. The section between Rome and Naples was originally designated A2, but it was incorporated into A1 following the opening of the bypass from Fiano Romano to San Cesareo on 21 July 1988.

Route[edit]

MILAN – NAPLES
Autostrada del Sole
Exit ↓km↓ ↑km↑ Province European Route
Tangenziale Est
San Donato Milanese
-1,6 759,6 MI
Milano P.le Corvetto
Metanopoli – Old Motorway
1,5 758,1 MI
San Giuliano Milanese 2,8 756,8 MI
Tangenziale Ovest 4,4 755,2 MI E35
Melegnano
road toll if going to Milan
8,7 750,2 MI E35
Toll gate Milano sud 8,9 749,7 MI E35
Rest area "San Zenone" 15,1 745 MI E35
Lodi 22,7 737 LO E35
Casalpusterlengo 37,9 722 LO E35
Rest area "Somaglia" 43,5 716 LO E35
Basso Lodigiano 50,7 710 LO E35
Torino – Brescia
56,428 PC E35
Torino – Brescia
57,134 PC E35
Piacenza Sud 58,162 PC E35
Rest area Bidirezionale "Arda" 74,3 687 PC E35
Brescia
Fiorenzuola
75,0 687 PC E35
FidenzaSalsomaggiore Terme 91,4 670 PR E35
La Spezia 103,0 658 PR E35
Parma 110,4 651 PR E35
Rest area "San Martino" 115,1 646 PR E35
Reggio Emilia 138,1 622 RE E35
E45 Brennero 156,1 605 MO E35
Rest area "Secchia" 157,5 604 MO E35 E45
Modena Nord 158,6 603 MO E35 E45
Modena Sud 171,8 589 MO E35 E45
E45 Ancona 189,8 571 BO E35
Tangenziale di Bologna
Bologna Casalecchio – E45 Ancona
196,1 565 BO E35
Rest area "Cantagallo" 199 BO E35
Sasso Marconi 207 553 BO E35
Rioveggio 223 537 BO E35
Pian del Voglio 237 523 BO E35
Rest area "Roncobilaccio" 242 518 BO E35
Roncobilaccio 242 519 BO E35
Rest area "Aglio" 256 504 FI E35
Barberino 262 498 FI E35
CalenzanoSesto Fiorentino 278 482 FI E35
Rest area "Bisenzio" 279 481 FI E35
Pisa nord 280 480 FI E35
Firenze Nord 280 480 FI E35
Firenze Scandicci
SGC FI-PI-LI
286 474 FI E35
Villa Costanza 288 472 FI E35
Firenze Impruneta previous "Firenze Certosa"
Siena – Autopalio
295 465 FI E35
Firenze Sud 301 459 FI E35
Rest area "Chianti" 305 455 FI E35
Incisa 320 440 FI E35
Rest area Reggello 321 439 FI E35
Valdarno 336 424 AR E35
Arezzo 358 402 AR E35
Rest area "Badia al Pino" 362 398 AR E35
Monte San Savino 372 388 AR E35
Rest area "Lucignano" 381 379 AR E35
ValdichianaBettolleSinalunga
Raccordo Siena – Bettolle – Perugia
385 375 SI E35
Rest area "Montepulciano" 395 365 SI E35
ChiusiChianciano 410 350 SI E35
Rest area "Fabro" 428 332 TR E35
Fabro 428 332 TR E35
Orvieto 451 309 TR E35
Rest area "Tevere" 465 VT E35
Attigliano 479 281 TR E35
Rest area "Giove" 481 279 TR E35
Orte
E45 SS 675
491 269 VT E35
Magliano Sabina 501 259 RI E35 E45
Rest area "Flaminia" 509 251 RM E35 E45
E35 Roma nord – GRA 531 229 RM E45
Rest area "Mascherone" 536 224 RM E45
L'Aquila – Teramo 562 198 RM E45
Rest area "Prenestina" 566 194 RM E45
Roma sud – GRA 576 184 RM E45
Valmontone 585 175 RM E45
Colleferro 593 167 RM E45
AnagniFiuggi 611 149 FR E45
Rest area "La Macchia" 613 147 FR E45
Ferentino 619 141 FR E45
Frosinone 624 136 FR E45
Ceprano 644 116 FR E45
Pontecorvo 659 101 FR E45
Rest area "Casilina" 660 100 FR E45
Cassino 670 90 FR E45
San Vittore 679 81 FR E45
Caianello 701 59 CE E45
Rest area "Teano" 708 52 CE E45
Capua 729 31 CE E45
Santa Maria Capua Vetere 720 40 CE E45
Caserta Nord 734 26 CE E45
Rest area "San Nicola" 737 23 CE E45
Caserta –Salerno 739 21 CE E45
Toll gate Napoli Nord 740 20 CE E45
Caserta Sud 741 19 CE E45
PomiglianoVilla Literno
Asse di Supporto
743 17 NA E45
AfragolaAcerra
Asse Mediano
749 11 NA E45
Bari 753 7 NA E45
Casoria – Napoli Nord 754 4 NA E45
Diramazione Capodichino
Tangenziale di Napoli
755 5 NA E45
Rest area "Masseria" 755 5 NA E45
Napoli Centro Direzionale
SS 162dir
758 2 NA E45
Napoli
Port of Naples
Naples
759.8 0.2 NA E45
Salerno – Reggio Calabria 760 0 NA

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calcolo percorsi e pedaggi - Autostrade per l'Italia" (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2024.
  2. ^ "Autostrada A1 Milano - Napoli (tratta lombarda)" (in Italian). Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  3. ^ "L'arteria che cambiò l'Italia: i 50 anni dell'Autostrada del Sole" (in Italian). Retrieved 20 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Autostrada A1: Moro all'inaugurazione del tratto Chiusi-Orvieto - 1964" (in Italian). Retrieved 20 September 2023.

See also[edit]

Other Italian roads[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Autostrada A1 (Italy) at Wikimedia Commons