Auxey-Duresses

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Auxey-Duresses
A general view of Auxey-Duresses
A general view of Auxey-Duresses
Coat of arms of Auxey-Duresses
Location of Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses is located in France
Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Auxey-Duresses
Auxey-Duresses
Coordinates: 46°59′15″N 4°44′56″E / 46.9875°N 4.7489°E / 46.9875; 4.7489Coordinates: 46°59′15″N 4°44′56″E / 46.9875°N 4.7489°E / 46.9875; 4.7489
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentCôte-d'Or
ArrondissementBeaune
CantonLadoix-Serrigny
IntercommunalityCA Beaune Côte Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Bernard Battault[1]
Area
1
11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
300
 • Density27/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
21037 /21190
Elevation245–482 m (804–1,581 ft)
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Auxey-Duresses (French pronunciation: ​[osɛ dyʁɛs]) is a commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alcéens or Alcéennes.[3]

Geography[edit]

Auxey-Duresses is a wine-growing commune some 10 km south-west of Beaune and 11 km north of Chagny. Access to the commune is by the D973 road from Pommard in the north-east which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues south-west to La Rochepot. The D17E comes from Saint-Romain in the west and passes through the village continuing east to Meursault. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Melin in the south-west and Petit-Auxey west of the village. The north and south of the commune are rugged and heavily forested with the valley in the centre and west farmland.[4]

The Ruisseau des Cloux flows from the south-west through the centre of the commune from west to east where it continues to join the River Dheune near Merceuil.[4]

History[edit]

The Auxey valley was one of the first places where grapevines were planted in Burgundy during the 2nd century BC. when Auxey-le-Petit, which was dependent on Auxey-Duresses, was a high place of Druid worship. On Mount Mélian the remains of a large prehistoric enclosure can be found which was at that time occupied by the Gauls and the Romans. During the Gallo-Roman period the town grew and became known by the Latin name Alcius.

After the barbarian invasions of the 5th century AD the commune reached new heights thanks to the monks of the Abbey of Saint-Symphorien at Autun who built a church at Auxey-le-Petit in 696. It was rebuilt in the 10th century by monks from the Cluny Abbey and it had a large vineyard in the village. The bell tower and the gate are Romanesque and date from the 12th century. These monks also left the "Moines Mill". At that time there were many mills in the valley and the hamlet of Melin, another dependency of the commune, inherited the name.

At the site of the medieval castle there is now the Church of Saint-Martin-Duresses Auxey whose steeple is made from Tuff. Inside there are some paintings, including a triptych relating the life of Mary.Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[5] The present chateau belonged to the Marquis de MacMahon, one of whose descendants became Marshal of France and Duke of Magenta.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auxey-Duresses
Blazon:

Party per pale of Or and Gules, over all a chevron inverted of Vert debruised by a billhook Argent handled in Sable in pale.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[6]

Mayors from the French Revolution to 1934
From To Name
1790 1791 René Latour
1791 1811 Claude Delaplanche
1800 1802 Pierre Rouiller
1811 1816 Claude Fleurot
1816 1818 Brunet de la Serve
1819 1821 Flis Humbert
1821 1830 Brunet de la Serve
1831 1832 Mercier
1832 1834 Pierre Fleurot Marot
1834 1837 Louis Garnier
1837 1840 Pierre Roullier
1840 1844 Philbert Garnier Boillot
1844 1847 Claude Fleurot Battault
1847 1852 Claude Delaplanche Titard
1852 1854 Claude Fleurot Battault
1854 1865 Claude Delaplanche Titard
1865 1870 Rolland Meuriot
1870 1871 Hippolyte Veau
1871 1892 Claude Fleuront Malaquin
1892 1903 Jean-Baptiste Garnier Veau
1903 1919 Claude Matin Battault
1919 1934 Armand Veau
Mayors from 1934
From To Name
1934 1945 François Lafouge
1945 1977 Robert Creusefond
1977 1995 Jean Lafouge
1995 2008 Dominique Boire
2008 2014 Agnès Diconne
2014 2026 Bernard Battault

Demography[edit]

In 2017 the commune had 304 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 684—    
1800 733+0.99%
1806 776+0.95%
1821 856+0.66%
1831 877+0.24%
1836 915+0.85%
1841 879−0.80%
1846 834−1.05%
1851 823−0.27%
1856 801−0.54%
1861 780−0.53%
1866 810+0.76%
1872 801−0.19%
1876 789−0.38%
1881 742−1.22%
1886 768+0.69%
1891 680−2.40%
1896 645−1.05%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 649+0.12%
1906 659+0.31%
1911 526−4.41%
1921 421−2.20%
1926 431+0.47%
1931 413−0.85%
1936 415+0.10%
1946 365−1.28%
1954 374+0.30%
1962 398+0.78%
1968 407+0.37%
1975 329−2.99%
1982 345+0.68%
1990 351+0.22%
1999 367+0.50%
2007 337−1.06%
2012 326−0.66%
2017 304−1.39%
Source: EHESS[7] and INSEE[8]
Panorama of the Vineyards

Wine[edit]

A bottle of Auxey-Duresses wine

Auxey-Duresses is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune with 80 hectares of red wines (including 27 hectares in 1st Vintage) and 35.60 hectares of white wines (including 1.35 hectare in 1st Vintage).[9]

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Petit-Auxey (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Meulin (1867)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at an unnamed place (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Martin

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Petit-Auxey (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • The Church of Saint-Martin (14th century).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15] The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
    • A Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Painting: The dead Christ (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Retable (Triptych) depicting the life of the Virgin (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Cemetery CrossLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • The Cemetery (15th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pierre Poupon, Pierre Forgeot, Paul Devaux, and Louis Régis Affre, The Wines of Burgundy, 9th edition, Presses universitaires de France, 1980, 351 pages (in French)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (in French)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM2100011922 A Retable (Triptyque) depicting the life of the Virgin (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  7. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Auxey-Duresses, EHESS. (in French)
  8. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  9. ^ Burgundy wines website
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000609 Lavoir at Petit-Auxey (in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000608 Lavoir at Meulin (in French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000607 Lavoir at an unnamed place (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000606 Lavoir (in French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112080 Church of Petit-Auxey (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112079 Church (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000124 Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000123 Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000122 Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000121 Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000120 Painting: The dead Christ (in French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112078 Cemetery Cross (in French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112077 Cemetery (in French)Camera aabb.svg

External links[edit]