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Avahi Discovery GUI showing discovered services
|Developer(s)||Lennart Poettering, Trent Lloyd, Sjoerd Simons|
0.7 / July 10, 2017
|Operating system||Linux, BSD|
Avahi is a free zero-configuration networking (zeroconf) implementation, including a system for multicast DNS/DNS-SD service discovery. It is licensed under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL).
Avahi is a system which enables programs to publish and discover services and hosts running on a local network. For example, a user can plug a computer into a network and have Avahi automatically advertise the network services running on its machine. Avahi's "ihavA" advertisement results in adding user access to printers, files and other networked services.
Avahi implements the Apple Zeroconf specification, mDNS, DNS-SD and RFC 3927/IPv4LL. Other implementations include Apple's Bonjour framework (the mDNSResponder component of which is licensed under the Apache License).
Avahi provides a set of language bindings (Python, Mono, etc.) and ships with most Linux and BSD distributions. Because of its modularized architecture, major desktop components like GNOME's Virtual File System and the KDE input/output architecture already integrate Avahi.
Avahi vs. Bonjour
The Avahi project started in 2004 because Apple's Zeroconf implementation, Bonjour, used the GPL-incompatible Apple Public Source License. In 2006 Apple relicensed parts of Bonjour under the Apache License. However, Avahi had already become the defacto standard implementation of mDNS/DNS-SD on free-software operating systems such as Linux.
Avahi's performance resembles that of Bonjour, sometimes exceeding it; however Avahi can lose services when managing large numbers of requests simultaneously.
Avahi was developed by Lennart Poettering and Trent Lloyd. It is the result of a merger of Poettering's original mDNS/DNS-SD implementation called "FlexMDNS", and Lloyd's original code called "Avahi" that happened in 2005. While most of today's code originates from the former project, the name of the latter was used for the joint project. Development on "FlexMDNS" started in late 2004, and work on the original "Avahi" began in early 2004.
The name Avahi is the Malagasy native name and scientific Latin name of a genus of woolly lemur, a family of primates indigenous to Madagascar. Trent Lloyd found the name, liked it, and it stuck. The logo reflects this. Perhaps in coincidence, Avahi backwards is "I-hav-a", a description of a discovery advertisement.
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- "Welcome to Avahi". News section. Retrieved 13 July 2017.
- Prabhakar, Ernest Prabhakar (2006-08-07). "Fwd: Apple Opens Up: Bonjour now under Apache license". bonjour-dev (Mailing list). Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Analysis of Peer-to-Peer Protocols Performance for Establishing a Decentralized Desktop Grid Middleware
- Trent Lloyd, Lennart Poettering (2007). Using Avahi The "Right Way" (ogg) (Presentation). linux.conf.au.