Avalon (electoral district)

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Avalon
Newfoundland and Labrador electoral district
Avalon, riding.png
Avalon in relation to other Newfoundland and Labrador ridings (2003 boundaries)
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Ken McDonald
Liberal
District created 2003
First contested 2004
Last contested 2015
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 81,540
Electors (2015) 67,781
Area (km²)[1] 7,303
Pop. density (per km²) 11.2
Census divisions Division 1
Census subdivisions Admirals Beach, Aquaforte, Avondale, Bay Roberts, Bishop's Cove, Branch, Brigus, Bryant's Cove, Cape Broyle, Carbonear, Clarke's Beach, Colinet, Colliers, Conception Bay South, Conception Harbour, Cupids, Division No. 1, Subd. V, Division No. 1, Subd. W, Division No. 1, Subd. X, Division No. 1, Subd. Y, Fermeuse, Ferryland, Fox Harbour, Gaskiers-Point La Haye, Harbour Grace, Harbour Main-Chapel's Cove-Lakeview, Holyrood, Mount Carmel-Mitchells Brook-St. Catherine's, North River, Paradise, Placentia, Point Lance, Port Kirwan, Portugal Cove South, Renews-Cappahayden, Riverhead, South River, Spaniard's Bay, St. Bride's, St. Joseph's, St. Mary's, St. Shott's, St. Vincent's-St. Stephen's-Peter's River, Subdivision 1A, Subdivision 1B, Subdivision 1C, Subdivision 1D, Subdivision 1E, Subdivision 1F, Subdivision 1G, Subdivision 1H, Subdivision 1I, Subdivision 1J, Subdivision 1K, Subdivision 1L, Subdivision 1M, Subdivision 1N, Subdivision 1O, Subdivision 1U, Treppassey, Upper Island Cove, Victoria

Avalon is a federal electoral district on Newfoundland Island in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. It has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Canada 2011 Census; 2013 representation[2][3]

Ethnic groups: 97.9% White, 1.5% Aboriginal
Languages: 99.3% English
Religions: 95.7% Christian (43.0% Catholic, 30.2% Anglican, 13.5% United Church, 3.5% Pentecostal, 5.4% Other), 4.1% No religion
Median income (2010): $27,528
Average income (2010): $36,436

Geography[edit]

The neighbouring ridings are Random—Burin—St. George's to the west and north, and St. John's South—Mount Pearl and St. John's East to the east.

As of the 2013 Representation Order, the riding of Avalon consists of:[4]

  • All that area consisting of that part of the Avalon Peninsula on the Island of Newfoundland lying southerly of a line described as follows:
    • commencing at a point in the Eastern Channel at latitude 47°25'49"N and longitude 54°03'34"W;
    • thence easterly in a straight line to a point in the Eastern Channel at latitude 47°26'11"N and longitude 53°57'51"W;
    • thence southeasterly in a straight line to a point in Long Harbour at latitude 47°24'13"N and longitude 53°55'10"W;
    • thence easterly in a straight line to the southwesterly limit of the Town of Long Harbour-Mount Arlington Heights at the mouth of Rattling Brook;
    • thence generally westerly, generally northeasterly, generally southeasterly and generally southwesterly along the westerly, southerly, northerly and easterly limits of said town to a point at approximate latitude 47°26'32"N and longitude 53°44'50"W (on the southwesterly shoreline of Warrens Pond);
    • thence southeasterly in a straight line to a point at latitude 47°24'44"N and longitude 53°43'54"W;
    • thence easterly in a straight line to the southwesternmost point of the limit of the Town of Whitbourne;
    • thence generally easterly and northerly along said limit to the northeasternmost point of the limit of said town;
    • thence northeasterly in a straight line to the southwesternmost point of the limit of the Town of Spaniard's Bay;
    • thence generally northerly along the westerly limit of said town to the northwesternmost point of the limit of said town;
    • thence northerly in a straight line to a point in Hound Pond at latitude 47°46'36"N and longitude 53°22'23"W;
    • thence northeasterly in a straight line to a point in Broad Cove Gull Pond at latitude 47°49'47"N and longitude 53°12'51"W;
    • thence southerly in a straight line to a point on the westerly limit of the Town of Salmon Cove at approximate latitude 47°46'51"N and longitude 53°11'48"W;
    • thence generally southerly, northeasterly and northwesterly along the westerly, southerly and easterly limits of said town to a point at approximate latitude 47°47'21"N and longitude 53°08'40"W;
    • thence easterly in a straight line to a point in Conception Bay at latitude 47°46'33"N and longitude 52°59'22"W;
    • thence generally southerly along Conception Bay to a point at latitude 47°35'58"N and longitude 53°06'22"W;
    • thence southeasterly in a straight line to a point in Conception Bay at latitude 47°32'07"N and longitude 53°02'09"W;
    • thence southeasterly in a straight line to the northwesterly limit of the Town of Conception Bay South at the mouth of Long Pond Harbour;
    • thence northeasterly along the northwesterly limit of said town to the northwesterly limit of the Town of Paradise;
    • thence northeasterly along the limit of said town to the northerly limit of said town;
    • thence generally southeasterly along said limit to Camrose Drive;
    • thence southerly along said drive to Paradise Road; thence generally southeasterly along said road to Topsail Road;
    • thence generally easterly along said road to the southeasterly limit of the Town of Paradise;
    • thence southerly and westerly along said limit to the easterly limit of the Town of Conception Bay South;
    • thence generally southerly and westerly along said limit to the southerly limit of the City of St. John's;
    • thence generally southeasterly along said limit to the northwesternmost point of the Town of Bay Bulls;
    • thence generally southerly along the westerly limit of said town to the northwesternmost point of the Town of Witless Bay;
    • thence southerly and generally easterly along the westerly and southerly limits of said town to the easterly limit of said town.
  • Including Iona Islands, East Green Island, North Green Island, Harbour Island, Fox Island, Great Colinet Island and all other islands adjacent to the shoreline of the above-described area.

Political geography[edit]

Avalon is divided between the Liberal north and the Conservative south. Conservative support is found along the southern coast from the community of Bay Bulls to Southern Harbour. The Conservatives also have some concentration in the north central peninsula, including winning the town of Harbour Grace. The Liberals dominate the central and northern parts of the riding. In 2008, the NDP won two polls, one was a mobile poll, and the other contained the community of Hopeall. The Greens also won a poll in Witless Bay. [1]

History[edit]

The electoral district was created in 2003 from 57.6% of Bonavista—Trinity—Conception, 21.9% of St. John's West and 20.5% of St. John's East ridings. It consisted of:[5]

  • that part of the Avalon Peninsula on the Island of Newfoundland described as follows:
    • commencing at a point in Placentia Bay approximately 20 km west of Cape St. Mary's;
    • thence generally northerly along Placentia Bay and the Eastern Channel of Placentia Bay to the intersection of the shoreline of Placentia Bay with the westerly limit of the Town of Come By Chance;
    • thence northerly and easterly along the westerly and northerly limits of said town to the Trans-Canada Highway (Route No. 1);
    • thence northerly along said highway to the northerly limit of the Town of Sunnyside;
    • thence easterly along said limit and its production into Trinity Bay;
    • thence northerly along said bay to a point midway between East Random Head on Random Island and Hant's Head on the eastern shoreline of Trinity Bay;
    • thence northeasterly along said bay to a point approximately 5 km north of Grates Point on the Bay de Verde Peninsula;
    • thence easterly approximately 20 km to a point N45°E of Baccalieu Island;
    • thence generally southerly along Conception Bay to a point midway between Western Bay Head on the western shoreline of Conception Bay and Cape St. Francis;
    • thence southerly along Conception Bay to a point approximately 2 km west of the most westerly extremity of Bell Island;
    • thence southerly along Conception Bay to a point approximately 2 km S45°W of the most southwesterly extremity of Kellys Island;
    • thence easterly along Conception Bay to the mouth of Long Pond Harbour;
    • thence southerly along said harbour and Conway Brook to the limit of the City of St. John's;
    • thence generally southwesterly and easterly along the northwesterly and southerly limits of said city and its production to the Atlantic Ocean;
    • thence generally southerly and generally westerly along the Atlantic Ocean, Trepassey Bay, St. Mary's Bay and Placentia Bay to the point of commencement.
  • Including Baccalieu Island, Great Colinet Island and all other islands adjacent to the shoreline of the above-described area.

The 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution concluded that the electoral boundaries of Avalon should be adjusted, and a modified electoral district of the same name will be contested in future elections.[6] The redefined Avalon had its boundaries legally defined in the 2013 representation order which came into effect upon the call of the 42nd Canadian federal election, scheduled for October 2015.[7] 21% of this riding will be moved into Bonavista—Burin—Trinity, and 3% will be moved into St. John's South—Mount Pearl, and will gain 25% of its new territory from St. John's East. It was given the boundaries described above.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Avalon
Riding created from Bonavista—Trinity—Conception,
St. John's East and St. John's West
38th  2004–2006     John Efford Liberal
39th  2006–2008     Fabian Manning Conservative
40th  2008–2011     Scott Andrews Liberal
41st  2011–2014
 2014–2015     Independent
42nd  2015–Present     Ken McDonald Liberal

Election results[edit]

Avalon, 2013 Representation Order[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2015
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Ken McDonald 23,528 55.90 +22.73
Independent Scott Andrews 7,501 17.82 *
New Democratic Jeannie Baldwin 6,075 14.43 –14.10
Conservative Lorraine E. Barnett 4,670 11.10 –26.00
Green Krista Byrne-Puumala 228 0.54 –0.09
Strength in Democracy Jennifer McCreath 84 0.20
Total valid votes/Expense limit 42,086 100.00   $207,308.50
Total rejected ballots 162 0.38
Turnout 42,248 62.33
Eligible voters 67,781
Liberal notional gain from Conservative Swing +24.36
Source: Elections Canada[8][9]
2011 federal election redistributed results[10]
Party Vote  %
  Conservative 13,214 37.09
  Liberal 11,820 33.18
  New Democratic 10,164 28.53
  Green 226 0.63
  Others 201 0.56

Avalon, 2003 Representation Order[edit]

In the 2011 election, the Liberal candidate was the incumbent MP, Scott Andrews, a former municipal councillor from Conception Bay South. He defeated the Tory candidate, Senator Fabian Manning of St. Bride's, for the second election in a row. Manning was the Conservative MP for this riding from 2006 to 2008, when he lost to Andrews.

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Scott Andrews 16,008 43.97 -1.31 $71,517.62
Conservative Fabian Manning 14,749 40.51 +5.35 $85,098.25
New Democratic Matthew Martin Fuchs 5,157 14.16 -3.22 $3,735.98
Independent Randy Wayne Dawe 276 0.76 $1,060.00
Green Matt Crowder 218 0.60 -1.57 $11.96
Total valid votes/Expense limit 36,408 100.0   $85,411.40
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 166 0.45 -0.34
Turnout 36,574 56.77 +4.97
Eligible voters 64,424
Liberal hold Swing -3.33
Sources:[11][12]
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Scott Andrews 14,866 45.28 +6.70 $68,253
Conservative Fabian Manning 11,542 35.16 -16.39 $54,159
New Democratic Randy Wayne Dawe 5,707 17.38 +8.31 $25,080
Green Dave Aylward 714 2.17 +1.37 $766
Total valid votes/Expense limit 32,829 100.0   $82,453
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 262 0.79 -0.86
Turnout 33,091 51.80 -7.81
Eligible voters 63,882
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +11.54
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Fabian Manning 19,132 51.55 +22.24 $71,141
Liberal Bill Morrow 14,318 38.58 -19.76 $71,528
New Democratic Eugene Conway 3,365 9.07 -1.91 $1,036
Green Shannon Hillier 297 0.80 -0.57 none listed
Total valid votes/Expense limit 37,112 100.0   $76,596
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 623 1.65 +0.59
Turnout 37,735 59.61 +9.78
Eligible voters 63,303
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +21.00
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal R. John Efford 18,335 58.34 +12.41 $47,245
Conservative Rick Dalton 9,211 29.31 -10.37 $50,104
New Democratic Michael Kehoe 3,450 10.98 -3.24 $2,472
Green Don C. Ferguson 430 1.37 $746
Total valid votes/Expense limit 31,246 100.0   $74,947
Total rejected, declined and unmarked ballots 336 1.06
Turnout 31,762 49.83
Eligible voters 63,745
Liberal notional hold Swing +11.39
Changes from 2000 are based on redistributed results. Change for the Conservatives is from the combined totals of the Progressive Conservatives and the Canadian Alliance.
2000 federal election redistributed results
Party Vote  %
  Liberal 17,614 45.93
  Progressive Conservative 14,412 37.58
  New Democratic 5,454 14.22
  Alliance 805 2.10
  Others 66 0.17

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°17′N 53°21′W / 47.29°N 53.35°W / 47.29; -53.35