|Location||301 North Broadway, Rochester, Minnesota|
|NRHP Reference #||82002992|
|Added to NRHP||March 19, 1982|
Avalon Music is a historic three-story red brick building in Rochester, Minnesota. It opened in 1919 as the Northwestern Hotel. The Sam Sternberg family operated it as a kosher restaurant and hotel for Jewish travelers, including many visitors to the Mayo Clinic nearby.
In 1944, Vern Manning bought it and renamed it the Avalon Hotel. As the only hotel in the area which welcomed African Americans before desegregation, its guests included Duke Ellington and boxer Henry Armstrong. It became a local focus of the Civil Rights Movement and opposition to it; both a march for racial equality and a cross burning occurred at the property on August 23, 1963.
- Savage, Beth L.; Shull, Carol D. (1994). African American Historic Places. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 0-471-14345-6.