Logo used for the promotion of the Avatar sequels.
|Directed by||James Cameron|
|Music by||Simon Franglen|
|Distributed by||Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures|
Avatar 2 (also marketed as James Cameron's Avatar 2) is an upcoming American epic science fiction film directed, produced, edited, and co-written by James Cameron, produced by 20th Century Fox and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. It is the second film in the Avatar franchise, following Avatar (2009). Cameron is producing the film with Jon Landau, with Josh Friedman originally announced as his co-writer; it was later announced that Cameron, Friedman, Rick Jaffa, Amanda Silver, and Shane Salerno took a part in the writing process of all sequels before being attributed separate scripts, making the eventual writing credits unclear. Cast members Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Giovanni Ribisi, Joel David Moore, Dileep Rao, CCH Pounder, and Matt Gerald are all reprising their roles from the original film, with Sigourney Weaver returning in a different role. New cast members include Kate Winslet, Cliff Curtis, Edie Falco, Brendan Cowell, Michelle Yeoh, Jemaine Clement, Oona Chaplin, David Thewlis, Vin Diesel, and CJ Jones.
Cameron, who had stated in 2006 that he would like to make sequels to Avatar if it was successful, announced the first two in 2010 following the widespread success of the first film, with Avatar 2 aiming for a 2014 release. However, the subsequent addition of three more sequels, and the necessity to develop new technology in order to film performance capture scenes underwater, a feat never accomplished before, led to significant delays to allow the crew more time to work on the writing, pre-production, and visual effects; it is currently planned for a release in December 2021, with the following three sequels to be released, respectively, in December 2023, December 2025 and December 2027.
Preliminary shooting for the film started in Manhattan Beach, California on August 15, 2017, followed by principal photography simultaneously with Avatar 3 in New Zealand on September 25, 2017. Performance capture filming wrapped in November 2018, while live-action filming began in early 2019.
12 years after exploring Pandora and joining the Na'vi, Jake Sully has formed a family with Neytiri as they are wandering across the expansive world of Pandora, meeting new allies in the form of the Metkayina free-diving clan led by Tonowari. Everything changes when the R.D.A. once again invade Pandora to finish what they started.
- Sam Worthington as Jake Sully, a former human who fell in love with Neytiri and befriended the Na'vi after becoming a part of the Avatar Program, eventually taking their side in their conflict with humans and leading them to victory; at the end of the first film, he becomes the new leader of the Omaticaya (the Na'vi clan central to the story) and transfers his mind into his avatar permanently.
- Zoe Saldana as Neytiri, Jake's consort and daughter to the previous clan chief.
- CCH Pounder as Mo'at, the Omaticaya's spiritual leader and Neytiri's mother.
- Cliff Curtis as Tonowari, the leader of the reef people clan of Metkayina.
- Jamie Flatters as Neteyam, Jake and Neytiri's first son and oldest child.
- Britain Dalton as Lo'ak, Jake and Neytiri's second son.
- Trinity Bliss as Tuktirey ("Tuk"), Jake and Neytiri's eight-year-old daughter and their youngest child.
- Bailey Bass as Tsireya ("Reya"), a graceful and strong free-diver of the Metkayina.
- Filip Geljo as Aonung, a young male hunter and free-diver of the Metkayina.
- Duane Evans Jr. as Rotxo, a young male hunter and free-diver of the Metkayina.
- Kate Winslet as Ronal, a free-diver of the Metkayina. Winslet called Ronal "a pivotal character in the ongoing story", but also "relatively small comparative to the lengthy shoot", as shooting all her scenes would only take a month. It marks her first time working with performance capture, or motion capture altogether; she, like most of the child cast, also had to learn free-diving for the film, ultimately being able to hold her breath for seven minutes.
- Giovanni Ribisi as Parker Selfridge, the corporate administrator for the RDA mining operation in the first film.
- Joel David Moore as Dr. Norm Spellman, a former part of the Avatar Program who chose to side with the Na'vi in the first film.
- Dileep Rao as Dr. Max Patel, a scientist who worked in the Avatar Program and came to support Jake's rebellion against the RDA in the first film.
- Matt Gerald as Corporal Lyle Wainfleet, a mercenary who fought for the RDA against the Na'vi in the first film. Despite the death of his character in the previous installment, Gerald was announced to reprise his role in August 2017.
- Jack Champion as Javier "Spider" Socorro, a teenager born on Hell's Gate (the human base on Pandora in the first film) but who "prefers his time in the Pandoran rainforest".
- Edie Falco as General Ardmore, the commander in charge of the RDA's interests.
- Brendan Cowell as Captain Mick Scoresby, the head of a private sector marine hunting vessel on the planet of Pandora.
- Michelle Yeoh as Dr. Karina Mogue
- Jemaine Clement as Dr. Ian Garvin, a marine biologist
- Sigourney Weaver; Weaver originally appeared in the first film as Dr. Grace Augustine, a human who takes the side of the Na'vi and dies during the conflict. Although both Weaver and Cameron confirmed that she would return in the sequels, she stated in 2014 that she would not play the same character. In December 2017, Weaver mentioned that she had to learn both free-diving and scuba diving for the film.
- Stephen Lang as Colonel Miles Quaritch, who led the forces of the RDA, the human organization colonizing Pandora, in their conflict with the Na'vi in the first film. Although the character died at the end of Avatar, Cameron confirmed in 2010 that Lang would return in the first three sequels, stating, "I'm not going to say exactly how we're bringing him back, but it's a science fiction story, after all. His character will evolve into really unexpected places across the arc of our new three-film saga." He later stated that Quaritch would act as main antagonist once again, in all four sequels. Lang's role will involve motion capture.
- Oona Chaplin as Varang, a "strong and vibrant central character who spans the entire saga of the sequels".
- David Thewlis
- Vin Diesel
- CJ Jones
Development and pre-production
In 2006, Cameron stated that if Avatar was successful, he hoped to make two sequels to the film. In 2010, he said the film's widespread success confirmed that he would do so. The sequels were originally scheduled for release in December 2014 and 2015. He included certain scenes in the first film for future story follow-ups. Cameron planned to shoot the sequels back-to-back and to begin work "once the novel is nailed down". He stated that the sequels would widen the universe while exploring other moons of Polyphemus. The first sequel would focus on the ocean of Pandora and also feature more of the rainforest. He intended to capture footage for this sequel at the bottom of the Mariana Trench using a deepwater submersible. In 2011, Cameron stated that he was just starting to design the ocean ecosystem of Pandora and the other worlds to be included in the story. The storyline, although continuing the environmental theme of the first film, would not be "strident" since the film will concentrate on entertainment.
The sequels were confirmed as continuing to follow the characters of Jake and Neytiri in December 2009. Cameron implied that the humans would return as the antagonists of the story. In 2011, Cameron stated his intention to film the sequels at a higher frame rate than the industry standard 24 frames per second, in order to add a heightened sense of reality. In 2013, Cameron announced that the sequels would be filmed in New Zealand, with performance capture to take place in 2014. An agreement with the New Zealand government required at least one world premiere to be held in Wellington and at least NZ$500 million (approximately US$410 million at December 2013 exchange rates) to be spent on production activity in New Zealand, including live-action filming and visual effects. The New Zealand government announced it would raise its baseline tax rebate for filmmaking from 15% to 20%, with 25% available to international productions in some cases and 40% for New Zealand productions (as defined by section 18 of the New Zealand Film Commission Act 1978).
In 2012, Cameron mentioned a possible third sequel for the first time; it was officially confirmed the following year. Cameron was then looking to release Avatar 2 in 2015, but later that year, production was rescheduled for 2014, with the film to be released in December 2016, and to be followed by the two other sequels in 2017 and 2018. By 2015, the scheduled release dates for the sequels were each delayed by another year, with the first sequel expected to be released in December 2017; this was due to the writing process, which Cameron called "a complex job". The following month, Fox announced a further release delay. As of February 2016, production of the sequels was scheduled to begin in April 2016 in New Zealand.
In April 2016, Cameron announced at CinemaCon that there will be four Avatar sequels, all of which will be filmed simultaneously, with release dates in December 2018, 2020, 2022, and 2023, respectively. In late October 2016, it was reported that Cameron was going to push for "glasses-free 3D" with the sequels, but he later disagreed with these rumors and did not think the technology would be there yet. In March 2017, Cameron revealed that Avatar 2 would not be released in 2018, as originally believed. On April 27, 2017, the release dates for all four sequels were ultimately announced: December 18, 2020, for Avatar 2, December 17, 2021, for Avatar 3, December 20, 2024, for Avatar 4, and December 19, 2025, for Avatar 5. The films will be released in Dolby Vision.
New crew members include cinematographer Russell Carpenter, who worked with Cameron on True Lies and Titanic, and Aashrita Kamath, who will act as art director on all four sequels. Kirk Krack, founder of Performance Freediving International, worked as a free-diving trainer for the cast and crew for the underwater scenes.
Asked about the delays of the releases of the film and its sequels, Cameron stated:
"I wouldn't call them delays. It was highly optimistic that we could start quickly until scripts are written. If there's no scripts, there's nothing, right? The scripts took four years. You can call that a delay, but it's not really a delay because from the time we pushed the button to really go make the movies [until now,] we're clicking along perfectly. We're doing very well because of all the time that we had to develop the system and the pipeline and all that. We weren't wasting time, we were putting it into tech development and design. So when all the scripts were approved, everything was designed. Every character, every creature, every setting. In a funny way it was to the benefit of the film because the design team had more time to work. . . . Most of the actors, the key principals, have all read all four scripts, so they know exactly what their character arcs are, they know where they're going, they know how to modulate their arc now across the first two films".
He was optimistic that the delays would not harm the films' success, comparing it to his films Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Aliens, which were both commercially successful sequels released seven years after the original films. Several creatures introduced in Avatar Flight of Passage will be featured in the film.
In May 2019, it was reported that the release of Avatar 2 had been pushed back to December 2021 as a result of the announcement of three upcoming Star Wars films to be released respectively in December 2022, December 2024 and December 2026.
In 2012, Cameron stated that the sequels were being written as "separate stories that have an overall arc inclusive of the first film", with the second having a clear conclusion instead of a cliffhanger to the next film. Screenwriters were also announced: Josh Friedman for the first, Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver for the second, and Shane Salerno for the third. In April 2014, Cameron expected to finish the (then) three scripts within six weeks, stating that all three sequels would be in production simultaneously and were still slated for December 2016 to 2018 releases. He stated that although Friedman, Jaffa and Silver, and Salerno are each co-writing one sequel with him, they at first worked together on all three scripts: "I didn't assign each writer which film they were going to work on until the last day. I knew if I assigned them their scripts ahead of time, they'd tune out every time we were talking about the other movie." Cameron added that they had "worked out every beat of the story across all three films so it all connects as one, sort of, three-film saga", a creative process that was inspired by his experiences in the writing room of his television series Dark Angel.
The writing took longer than expected, forcing Cameron to delay the release of the films further in 2015. In December, he stated that he was "in the process of doing another pass through all three scripts ... Just refining. That's in parallel with the design process. The design process is very mature at this point. We've been designing for about a year and a half. All the characters, settings and creatures are all pretty much [set]."
On February 11, 2017, Cameron announced that the writing of all four sequels was now complete. In a November 26 interview the same year, he estimated that the scripts had taken four years to write overall.
Comparing the themes of the sequels to the original, Cameron stated that "It will be a natural extension of all the themes, and the characters, and the spiritual undercurrents. Basically, if you loved the first movie, you're gonna love these movies, and if you hated it, you're probably gonna hate these. If you loved it at the time, and you said later you hated it, you're probably gonna love these". He later compared the sequels to The Godfather franchise, calling it "a generational family saga [...] It's a continuation of the same characters and about what happens when warriors, willing to go on suicide charges and leap off cliffs on to the backs of big orange Toruks, grow up and have their own kids. Now the kids are the change makers. It's interesting."
Discussing the character of Tuk in a February 2019 interview, Cameron mentioned that she was eight years old, and that the film would feature a scene between Jake and Neytiri taking place from Tuk's perspective: "There’s a three-page argument scene between Jake and Neytiri, a marital dispute, very, very critical to the storyline. I wound up shooting it all from the point of view of the 8-year-old hiding under the structure and peeking in. Having gone through the experience with [Sam Worthington] on Avatar, I now knew how to write the Jake character going forward across the emotional rollercoaster of the next four movies."
In a December 2019 interview, Lang stated that his character was always meant to return in the sequels, as Cameron had shared with him "that Quaritch had a future" while shooting the original film.
Sam Worthington and Zoe Saldana were confirmed in January 2010 to have signed on to reprise their roles in the sequels. Later that year, Cameron confirmed that both Sigourney Weaver and Stephen Lang would return despite the demise of their characters. Cameron also stated that Weaver would be featured in all three sequels (the fourth one was not planned at the time) and that her character Grace Augustine would be alive. In March 2015, however, Weaver said that she will play a new character in the next film. In September 2015, Michelle Rodriguez stated that unlike Weaver and Lang, whose characters had also died in the first film, she would not return in Avatar 2.
Several new cast announcements were made in 2017, with Joel David Moore, CCH Pounder and Matt Gerald all confirmed to return from the first film. Announced newcomers included Oona Chaplin, whose character, Varang, was described as "a strong and vibrant central character who spans the entire saga of the sequels", and Cliff Curtis as Tonowari, the leader of the Na'vi reef people clan of Metkayina.
On September 23, 2017, child actor Filip Geljo was revealed to have been signed in an undisclosed role. On September 27, seven child actors were confirmed as a part of the main cast including Geljo: Jamie Flatters, Britain Dalton and Trinity Bliss as the children of Jake and Neytiri, Geljo, Bailey Bass, and Duane Evans Jr. as members of the Metkayina (together with Curtis), and Jack Champion, the only one to perform in live action, as a human born on Pandora. Cameron later stated that the child cast had been trained for six months to prepare for the underwater scenes filmed in performance capture, and that they now could all hold their breath "in the two- to four-minute range", even Trinity Bliss who was seven years old, and were now "all perfectly capable of acting underwater, very calmly while holding their breath".
On October 3, 2017, it was reported that Kate Winslet, who starred in Cameron's Titanic (1997), had joined the cast of Avatar 2, and possibly its sequels. Cameron commented "Kate and I had been looking for something to do together for 20 years, since our collaboration on Titanic, which was one of the most rewarding of my career", and added that her character was named Ronal. Although the nature of her character was originally unknown, Cameron stated the following month that Ronal was "part of the Sea People, the reef people", in reference to the Na'vi clan of Metkayina, making Avatar 2 Winslet's first role via performance capture, or motion capture altogether, which she was looking forward to; as she insisted on performing all her character's movements herself, she, like the child cast, had to learn free-diving for the film. Winslet, who had been notoriously reluctant about working with Cameron again because of the complicated situations he puts his actors in for their scenes, stated that Cameron proposed the role to her in July 2017 when he came to help her and their fellow Titanic collaborator Leonardo DiCaprio at a fundraiser in France, sending her the scripts shortly after. She commented that her role was "relatively small comparative to the lengthy shoot", as she would only have one month of shootings, but also "a pivotal character in the ongoing story".
In October 13, 2017, it was announced that Giovanni Ribisi would reprise his role of Parker Selfridge from the first film, in all four upcoming Avatar films. On January 25, 2018, Dileep Rao was confirmed to return as Dr. Max Patel. In April 2018, David Thewlis revealed his involvement in the film. A year later, Edie Falco, Brendan Cowell, and Michelle Yeoh joined the cast in live-action roles.
In early April 2019, Vin Diesel announced that he would be joining the cast of the Avatar sequel, although it was not clearly specified which sequels he would be in. In October 2019, Edward Norton revealed that had turned down a role in Avatar 2 due to only being interested in playing a Na'vi, which his proposed character was not.
Principal photography started on September 25, 2017, simultaneously with Avatar 3. As Sigourney Weaver later revealed in November, filming had to be moved around to allow her to film a cameo appearance in the series eight finale of Doc Martin.
On November 23, Cameron stated that the crew had been undergoing tests with the cast for the last month to film underwater scenes in performance capture, and that they succeeded in filming the first of those on November 14, featuring six of their seven main child actors, including Trinity Bliss. He stated "we're getting really good data, beautiful character motion and great facial performance capture. We've basically cracked the code". He said that tests would last until January 2018, as "we're still working in our small test tank. We graduate to our big tank in January". It was "a dialogue scene", as according to Cameron, the characters communicate via "a kind of a sign language". In April 30, 2018, Kate Winslet had "just a couple days" of shooting left to do.
In May 2018, Saldana stated that filming was "kind of only halfway done" and that the crew is "about [to finish] motion capture production on the [second and third] movies, and then after that, they go straight into pre-production for the live-action part that would shoot for six months in New Zealand." Saldana finished shooting her scenes on June 8, for both Avatar 2 and its sequel, while Cameron stated around the same time that 130 days of performance capture had been shot. On November 14, 2018, Cameron announced filming with the principal performance capture cast had been completed.
In February 2019, Landau stated that live-action filming for Avatar 2 and 3 would commence in New Zealand in the spring of 2019. Cameron confirmed later the same month that they had "only wrapped for [the motion capture parts] only. Now, that is the vast majority of the characters and it is the vast majority of the running time of the film[s]. But that pesky little live action component is going to cost me five months of my life across the two movies." Filming for 2019 concluded on November 29, and will continue in 2020 in New Zealand.
The film will heavily feature underwater scenes, actually filmed underwater with the cast in performance capture. Blending underwater filming and performance capture being a feature never accomplished before, it took the team a year and a half to develop a new motion capture system, with Cameron stating:
"It's never been done before and it's very tricky because our motion capture system, like most motion capture systems, is what they call optical base, meaning that it uses markers that are photographed with hundreds of cameras. The problem with water is not the underwater part, but the interface between the air and the water, which forms a moving mirror. That moving mirror reflects all the dots and markers, and it creates a bunch of false markers. It's a little bit like a fighter plane dumping a bunch of chaff to confuse the radar system of a missile. It creates thousands of false targets, so we've had to figure out how to get around that problem, which we did. Basically, whenever you add water to any problem, it just gets ten times harder. So, we've thrown a lot of horsepower, innovation, imagination and new technology at the problem, and it's taken us about a year and a half now to work out how we're going to do it."
Landau stated in November 2015 that Avatar 2 would have a number of major technological improvements since the first movie. A lot more of the lighting work on the virtual production stage could be done during production instead of post-production, and like Alita: Battle Angel, which is produced and co-written by Cameron, the crew can use two lightweight HD head cams to record the actors' facial performance. In addition they also used two digital puppets instead of just one; one that is an accurate copy of the real actor, and another that is the actor's character, allowing the team to re-target one onto the other to make it as accurate as possible.
Cameron stated that there was possibility that the film could be shown in "glasses-free 3D", although it is not entirely certain. If this happens, it will be a first in film history to do so.
In December 17, 2019, it was announced that Simon Franglen, who had worked on the original film as producer of both the score and the original song "I See You", and as arranger of the electronic music parts of the score, would score both Avatar 2 and Avatar 3.
He is replacing the original film's composer James Horner, who was originally reported to be engaged to write music for the franchise, before his death in a plane crash in June 2015. The two were long-time working partners, with their first collaboration being Cameron's 1997 film Titanic; Franglen had already replaced Horner as composer of the 2017 Avatar-themed area Pandora – The World of Avatar at Walt Disney World in 2015.
After several media outlets shared rumors of potential titles for the Avatar sequels, including Avatar: The Way of Water for Avatar 2, Cameron confirmed that the titles mentioned were "among titles that are in consideration. And no final decisions have been made yet."
Avatar 2 is the first of four planned sequels to Avatar; Avatar 3 started filming simultaneously with Avatar 2 in New Zealand on September 25, 2017. Avatar 2 cast members Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Sigourney Weaver, CCH Pounder, Cliff Curtis, Giovanni Ribisi, Joel David Moore, Dileep Rao, Matt Gerald, and Oona Chaplin, have all been announced for Avatar 3. Although the last two sequels have been reportedly greenlit, Cameron stated in a November 26, 2017 interview: "Let's face it, if Avatar 2 and 3 don't make enough money, there's not going to be a 4 and 5". David Thewlis later confirmed this in February 2018, stating "they're making 2 and 3, they're gonna see if people go and see them, and then they'll make 4 and 5." Conversely, Sigourney Weaver stated in November 2018, after the first two sequels had completed main photography, that she was currently "busy doing Avatar 4 and 5", which several media outlets interpreted as confirmation that the last two sequels had started filming. In January 2019, in face of the proposed acquisition of 21st Century Fox by The Walt Disney Company, Disney CEO Bob Iger confirmed that both Avatar 4 and Avatar 5 are being developed but haven't been officially greenlit. According to producer Jon Landau in February 2019, Iger may have been misinterpreted. He said that Avatar 4 and 5 "are not only [greenlit]" but also a third of Avatar 4 has already been filmed.
- Chris Cabin (September 30, 2017). "The 'Avatar' Sequels "Will Be the Most Expensive Movies of All Time," According to Fox". Collider. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Upcoming Movie Sequels That Will Get You Hyped, retrieved January 2, 2020
- Sharf, Zack; Sharf, Zack (February 7, 2019). "James Cameron Verifies Those Crazy 'Avatar' Sequel Titles, But They Aren't Locked Just Yet". IndieWire. Retrieved January 2, 2020.
- Fleming, Mike (August 1, 2013). "'Avatar' Sequels Upped To Three; Fox, James Cameron Set Trio of Writers to Spearhead". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "James Cameron Talks Avatar Sequels". Empire. November 26, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "James Cameron Opens Up About 'Avatar' Sequels". Inquisitr. November 28, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "James Cameron Has Found Avatar's Darth Vader: It's Stephen Lang". Deadline Hollywood. October 22, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Avatar 2 Filming Starts This Week!". SuperHeroHype. September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "Avatar 2 Will See Sigourney Weaver Play a Brand New Character".
- Carroll, Larry (June 29, 2006). "'Titanic' Mastermind James Cameron's King-Size Comeback: Two Sci-Fi Trilogies". MTV. Retrieved October 18, 2006.
- Rosenberg, Adam (January 8, 2010). "'Avatar' Sequel Confirmed By James Cameron ... And Here's What We'd Like To See". MTV. Archived from the original on January 16, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
- Pamela McClintock (October 27, 2010). "James Cameron sets 'Avatar' 2 & 3 as next films". Variety. Archived from the original on January 12, 2011. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- McNary, Dave (April 22, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequel Release Dates Set, Starting in December, 2020". Variety. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
- "Disney Pushes 'Avatar' Sequels Release Dates as Much as 2 Years". TheWrap. May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
- "Avatar 2 Production Start Date Revealed". Comicbook.com. February 26, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "'Avatar 2' Latest News: Sequel to Begin Filming in August". The Christian Post. February 28, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "Avatar 2: Sam Worthington confirms start date for James Cameron sequels". Stuff.co. February 20, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "'Avatar 2 production start date set for August". Den of Geek. February 28, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "Avatar 2 officially starts filming in August, James Cameron teams up with Ubisoft for Avatar game". The Independent. March 1, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- Geoff Boucher (November 14, 2018). "James Cameron: The 'Avatar' Sequels Have Wrapped Production". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- El-Mamhmoud, Sarah (February 20, 2019). "No, The Avatar Sequels Haven't Wrapped Filming". Collider. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- Chitwood, Adamn (February 7, 2019). "Exclusive: 'Avatar' Sequels Begin Filming Live-Action Sequences This Spring in New Zealand". Collider. Retrieved February 23, 2019.
- "James Cameron Planning 'Avatar' Trilogy". Yahoo!. January 14, 2010. Archived from the original on January 18, 2010. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Eric Ditzian (December 21, 2009). "James Cameron Talks 'Avatar' Sequel Plans". MTV. Archived from the original on January 14, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- Dave McNary (July 24, 2017). "CCH Pounder to Return for 'Avatar' Sequels". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Patrick Hipes (July 24, 2017). "CCH Pounder Rejoins 'Avatar' Team For Sequels". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Adam Chitwood (May 9, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequels Add 'Fear the Walking Dead' Star Cliff Curtis in Lead Role". Collider. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (May 9, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequels Update: 'Fear The Walking Dead's Cliff Curtis Signs On For Lead Role". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Anthony D'Alessandro (August 7, 2017). "Matt Gerald Returning To James Cameron's 'Avatar' World; Boards Crackle's 'The Oath'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Matt Goldberg (September 27, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequels Reveal First Look at the Young Cast". Collider. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
- James Hibberd (September 27, 2017). "Avatar 2: First look at sequel's next generation cast". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
- "Avatar 2 time jump revealed by James Cameron". Digital Spy. February 19, 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Mike Fleming Jr (October 3, 2017). "Kate Winslet Joins 'Avatar' Universe For 'Titanic' Reunion With James Cameron". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Kaitlyn Reilly (October 4, 2017). "Kate Winslet Is Joining Avatar 2 & Hopefully It Will Have A Happier Ending Than Her Last James Cameron Movie". Refinery29. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Aaron Couch (October 3, 2017). "Kate Winslet Joins James Cameron's 'Avatar' Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Rebecca Keegan (November 26, 2017). "James Cameron on Titanic's Legacy and the Impact of a Fox Studio Sale". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
- Setoodeh, Ramin (October 2017). "Kate Winslet on Woody Allen, 'Wonder Wheel' and the 20th Anniversary of 'Titanic'". Variety. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Zoe Saldana has already finished shooting Avatar 2 and 3". Digital Spy. June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- "Zoe Saldana Has Wrapped Filming, And Other Details About Avatar 2 And 3". Cinema Blend. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- Amanda N'Duka (October 13, 2017). "'Avatar': Giovanni Ribisi Returning For All Four Sequels". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Amanda N'Duka (May 31, 2017). "Joel David Moore Returning For 'Avatar' Sequels". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- N'Duka, Amanda (January 25, 2018). "Dileep Rao To Reprise His Role In James Cameron's 'Avatar' Films". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (February 6, 2019). "Edie Falco Joins James Cameron's 'Avatar' Franchise".
- "'Avatar' Sequels Cast 'Game of Thrones' Actor Brendan Cowell". The Hollywood Reporter.
- N'Duka, Amanda; N'Duka, Amanda (April 15, 2019). "Michelle Yeoh Boards 'Avatar' Sequels".
- McNary, Dave; McNary, Dave (May 15, 2019). "James Cameron's 'Avatar' Sequels Casts Jemaine Clement".
- "BBC News – Sigourney Weaver Avatar 2 role confirmed". BBC News. September 18, 2011. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- "Avatar 2 Movie Spoilers, Release Date: Sigourney Weaver Alive, Will Play Crucial Role in New Trilogy". BreatheCast. September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Cassie Carpenter (December 6, 2017). "'I'm now scuba certified': Sigourney Weaver, 68, preps for underwater motion capture role in Avatar 2". Mail Online. Retrieved December 9, 2017.
- Max Evry (August 8, 2017). "Colonel Quaritch Will be the Main Villain in the Avatar Sequels". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- Dave McNary (June 20, 2017). "'Games of Thrones' Star Oona Chaplin Joins James Cameron's 'Avatar' Sequels". Variety. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- Rebecca Ford (June 20, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequels Add 'Game of Thrones' Actress Oona Chaplin". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "David Thewlis Updates on Avatar 2 & Avatar 3 & working with James Cameron". YouTube. HeyUGuys. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "David Thewlis Joins Avatar Sequels Cast". RCNTV. RedCarpetNewsTV. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Stolworthy, Jacob (April 5, 2019). "Avatar 2 and 3: Vin Diesel joins cast of James Cameron's long awaited sequels". The Independent. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- Butler, Mary Anne (April 4, 2019). "Vin Diesel Joins James Cameron in 'Avatar 2', Possibly 3-5". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- ‘Baby Driver’ And ‘Avatar 2’ Actor CJ Jones Tells Hollywood That Disabled Are Able To Tell Their Own Stories – CAA Amplify
- [CJ Jones Facebook Confirmation Post https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=10156087357495469&id=110218865468]
- Rosenberg, Adam (August 7, 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: 'Avatar' Sequels Could Shoot Back-To-Back, Story Hints In Upcoming Novel". MTV. Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
- "Update: Cameron Talks Avatar Blu-ray/DVD Releases and Sequel". Comingsoon.net. February 19, 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- Day, Patrick Kevin (April 20, 2010). "James Cameron: The 'Avatar' sequel will dive into the oceans of Pandora". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 23, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Harlow, John (September 12, 2010). "James Cameron commissions deep sea sub to film footage for Avatar sequel". The Australian. Retrieved September 18, 2010.
- "Cameron: New 'Avatar 2' Details". ABC news. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Eric Ditzian (February 18, 2010). "James Cameron Says 'Everyone's Highly Motivated' For 'Avatar' Sequel". MTV. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- Carolyn Giardina (March 30, 2011). "James Cameron 'Fully Intends' to Make 'Avatar 2 and 3' at Higher Frame Rates". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- Carolyn Giardina (March 30, 2011). "James Cameron 'Fully Intends' to Make 'Avatar 2 and 3' at Higher Frame Rates". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Joyce, Steven; Finlayson, Chris (December 16, 2013). "Three Avatar films to be made in New Zealand". New Zealand Government. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Jared Larson (December 16, 2013). "Trilogy of Avatar Sequels to Be Made in New Zealand". IGN. Retrieved December 16, 2013.
- Brian Gallagher (May 7, 2012). "James Cameron to Make Avatar 4 Instead of Battle Angel". MovieWeb. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Keegan, Rebecca (September 10, 2012). "James Cameron: 'Avatar' sequels 'a daunting writing task'". Los Angeles Times.
- Brent Lang (January 14, 2015). "James Cameron Pushes Back 'Avatar' Sequels By a Year". Variety. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- "James Cameron Says 'Avatar' Sequel Delayed Until 2017". The Hollywood Reporter. Associated Press. January 14, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
- Cunningham, Todd (January 21, 2016). "James Cameron's Avatar 2 Won't Be Ready for Christmas 2017 (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "Avatar 2". My Entertainment World. Retrieved February 11, 2016.(subscription required)
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 14, 2016). "20th Century Fox CinemaCon: 'Avatar' Sequels, 'Deadpool 2', 'Greatest Showman On Earth' Updates, Vanilla Ice Raps, 'Assassin's Creed', 'Birth Of A Nation' & More". Deadline Hollywood.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 14, 2016). "James Cameron Expands 'Avatar' Sequels To Four, Slams Screening Room & Gets Cheers From Exhibs- CinemaCon". Deadline Hollywood.
- Nordine, Michael (October 30, 2016). "James Cameron Pushing for 3D Advances and Higher Frame Rates for 'Avatar' Sequels". IndieWire. Archived from the original on October 31, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Kelly, Stephen. "James Cameron on Terminator 2, Avatar and the future of cinema".
- Galuppo, Mia (March 10, 2017). "'Avatar 2' Won't Hit Theaters In 2018, James Cameron Says". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- "Russell Carpenter To Receive ASC Lifetime Achievement Award". Shoot. October 5, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
- "Art Director Aashrita Kamath Talks About Working On 'Avatar' Sequels". Mid-day.com. October 29, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Aashrita Kamath: Pushing the celluloid ceiling". The Hindu. November 21, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Upcoming Avatar 2 Movie Cast Being Trained To Freedive". Deeper Blue. December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "James Cameron isn't worried about the gap between Avatar movies". May 30, 2017.
- "Avatar Sequels Stay on Pandora, Will Include Theme Park Crossovers". MovieWeb. August 14, 2018. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
- "James Cameron. AMA". reddit.com. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- Lieberman, David (April 12, 2014). "James Cameron on 'Avatar' Sequel Timetable Following Rupert Murdoch's Comments". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 13, 2014.
- "James Cameron Used 'Dark Angel' Experience to Write 'Avatar' Sequels". ScreenRant. June 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "James Cameron wants to prove Avatar success wasn't 'some big fluke'". Entertainment Weekly. December 11, 2015. Retrieved December 19, 2015.
- "'Avatar 2' Script News: James Cameron Feels Like He's Been Freed From Jail After Completing Script for All 5 Films". The Christian Post. February 11, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "Cameron Says Avatar Sequels are Godfather-Like, Talks Avengers". Comingsoon.net. April 22, 2018. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Barsanti, Sam (February 18, 2019). "Avatar 2 will capture the thrill of hiding under a bed while your parents fight". The A.V. Club. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Bernaschina, Michael (December 22, 2019). "Avatar 2: Stephen Lang's Character Was Always Supposed to Return". CBR. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
- "Don't expect to see Michelle Rodriguez in 'Avatar 2'". New York Post. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "'ODD SQUAD' KID ACTOR NOT FEELING BLUE ABOUT 'AVATAR' Banks $150k for Sequels!!!". TMZ. September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "'Avatar 2' fans will have to wait awhile: James Cameron". Get That. November 23, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Avatar 2's Cast Learned to Hold Their Breaths for Extended Periods to Film Underwater Performance Capture". io9. November 21, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Edward Norton Turned Down Avatar 2 Role Because It Wasn't For a Na'vi". Screen Rant. October 20, 2019. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (June 20, 2017). "'Avatar' Sequels Update: Production "Officially" Begins In September On Saga's Stand-Alones – CineEurope". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- Dumaraog, Ana (June 20, 2017). "Avatar Sequels Officially Begin Production in September". ScreenRant. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
- "Celebrity News, TV Shows & Photos | OK! Magazine". www.ok.co.uk.
- "Kate Winslet Talks Timepieces, 'Avatar 2' and a Treasured Gift From Eli Wallach". Hollywood Reporter. April 30, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
- "Zoe Saldana Talks Avatar Sequels and James Cameron's Superhero Fatigue Comments". Bleeding Cool. May 1, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
- Bennett, Anita (November 30, 2019). "'Avatar' Sequel Marks End Of Filming For 2019 With Set Photo". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- @officialavatar (November 29, 2019). "Yep! We'll be back in New Zealand in 2020 with more new sets" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- @officialavatar (November 29, 2019). "Yep just for the end of the year!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Jr, Mike Fleming (July 31, 2017). "Weta Digital Underway On James Cameron's Four 'Avatar' Sequels".
- "James Cameron reveals why Avatar 2, 3, 4 and 5 have taken so long". The Independent. November 22, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "James Cameron shares insight into the production of 'Avatar 2'". NME. November 23, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- Desowitz, Bill; Desowitz, Bill (November 15, 2018). "James Cameron Is Conquering New VFX Frontiers for the 'Avatar' Sequels".
- Desowitz, Bill; Desowitz, Bill (November 13, 2018). "'Alita: Battle Angel' Preview: How Weta Escaped from the Uncanny Valley".
- "Avatar 2 to Screen in Glasses-Free 3D?". Den of Geek. June 28, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Avatar 2 to be shown in glasses-free 3D". The Independent. June 28, 2017. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- "Simon Franglen to Score James Cameron's 'Avatar' Sequels". Film Music Reporter. December 17, 2019. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
- Chestang, Raphael (June 24, 2015). "How James Horner Created the Unforgettable Titanic Theme Song, 'My Heart Will Go On'". ET Online. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- "Interview with Simon Franglen :: Film Music Magazine". www.filmmusicmag.com. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- "Fox & James Cameron Announce 'Avatar' Novels Based On Movie & Upcoming Sequels". Deadline Hollywood. August 22, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "James Cameron confirms those weird Avatar sequel title rumours are true". Digital Spy. February 7, 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "'AVATAR 2' DOESN'T COME OUT FOR 2 YEARS, BUT SIGOURNEY WEAVER IS ALREADY WORKING ON 'AVATAR 4'". Screen Crush. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "'Alien 5': Sigourney Weaver Says James Cameron Liked Blomkamp's Idea". comicbook.com. October 29, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "'Avatar 4' and '5' Already Filming, Loses Papyrus Font, Sigourney Weaver Talks About Shooting Underwater". /Film. October 29, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- "Disney's Bob Iger Talks Streaming, Park Plans, and Learning From Kodak". Barron's. January 8, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
- Alita: Battle Angel - The Cast & Filmmakers discuss making the Manga epic. In: YouTube. HeyUGuys. February 3, 2019. Retrieved on February 26, 2019.