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the Church of Notre-Dame
the Church of Notre-Dame
Coat of arms of Avaux
Coat of arms
Location of Avaux
Avaux is located in France
Avaux is located in Grand Est
Coordinates: 49°27′24″N 4°05′03″E / 49.4567°N 4.0842°E / 49.4567; 4.0842Coordinates: 49°27′24″N 4°05′03″E / 49.4567°N 4.0842°E / 49.4567; 4.0842
RegionGrand Est
IntercommunalityCC Pays Rethélois
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Didier Marby
13.19 km2 (5.09 sq mi)
 • Density36/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
08039 /08190
Elevation57–130 m (187–427 ft)
(avg. 60 m or 200 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Avaux is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Avalois or Avaloises.[2]

The commune has been awarded two flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[3]


Avaux is located some 22 km west by south-west of Rethel and 38 km south-east of Laon. Access to the commune is by the D523 from Évergnicourt in the south-west which changes to the D137 at the border then continues to the village and north-east to join the D18 south-west of Saint-Germainmont. The D966 forms the western border of the commune as it goes south from Lor to Evergnicourt. Apart from thin strips of forest along the eastern and southern borders the commune is entirely farmland.[4]

The Canal latéral à l'Aisne forms the southern border of the commune and the Aisne river forms the eastern border then runs through the south of the commune parallel to the canal as it flows west to eventually join the Seine at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]


Arms of Avaux
The official status of the blazon remains to be determined.

Azure, a lion crowned Argent issuant, in chief Or a crescent of Sable between two mullets the same.


List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Pascal Beguin
2008 2020 Didier Marby

(Not all data is known)


In 2010 the commune had 464 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
506 574 504 644 705 716 725 682 704
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
- - 753 710 649 653 650 631 606
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
602 592 575 405 431 404 417 359 361
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
355 327 317 293 404 454 463 464 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Avaux

Sites and monuments[edit]

Avaux was once called Asfeld-le-Château as it was the seat of a fortified house of the Counts of Avaux. The chateau has disappeared.

The Church of Notre-Dame contains a Painting: the Nativity of the Virgin (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg, which is registered as an historical object.[6]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Claude de Mesmes, Count of Avaux (1595-1650), diplomat and man of letters.
  • Jean-Jacques de Mesmes, Count of Avaux: best known for developing the town of Asfeld.
  • Yves Gibeau, his family came from Avaux and he lived in the commune during part of his youth.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Ardennes ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ Avaux in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  4. ^ Google Maps
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM08000040 Painting: the Nativity of the Virgin ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  7. ^ Yannick Hureaux evoking his friend Yves Gibeau in a conference at Avaux on 22 May 2009 Article on 4 June 2009 extracted from l'Union magazine ‹See Tfd›(in French)

External links[edit]