Avava language

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Pronunciation Katbol
Native to Vanuatu
Region Central Malekula
Native speakers
700  (2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tmb
Glottolog katb1237[2]

Avava, also known as Katbol or Tembimbe-Katbol, is an Oceanic language of central Malekula, Vanuatu.

The four Avava-speaking villages speak, or spoke, distinct dialects. Timbembe and Nevaar (Nɨviar) are still spoken. The Nivat (Nevat) and Bangasa (Umbrul) dialects are extinct. Bangasa/Bangsa', or more correctly Bangasak, was known as Numbuwul by its neighbors to the north; the endonym is Umbbuul [(u)ᵐʙuːl].


  • Terry Crowley, 2006, The Avava language of central Malakula (Vanuatu)
  1. ^ Avava at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Katbol". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.