Avcılar, Istanbul

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Avcılar
District
Zorlu Holding.JPG
Location of Avcılar in Istanbul
Location of Avcılar in Istanbul
Avcılar is located in Turkey
Avcılar
Avcılar
Coordinates: 40°58′45″N 28°43′17″E / 40.97917°N 28.72139°E / 40.97917; 28.72139Coordinates: 40°58′45″N 28°43′17″E / 40.97917°N 28.72139°E / 40.97917; 28.72139
CountryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Government
 • MayorTuran Hançerli (CHP)
Area
 • District39.23 km2 (15.15 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • District
395,274
 • District density10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Websitewww.avcilar.bel.tr
www.avcilar.gov.tr

Avcılar is a district of Istanbul, Turkey, out of town on the European side of the city, just to the west of the Küçükçekmece inlet of the Sea of Marmara.

History[edit]

The Marmara coast road bridges the mouth of the inlet, always an important route in wartime. Therefore, when preparing the conquest of Istanbul the Ottoman forces were keen to populate the Küçükçekmece area with the Turks, the Turkish presence in the area dates from this period.

The road from Istanbul to Europe has become increasingly important ever since and by the time of the population exchange with Greece at the founding of the Turkish Republic there were 50 Greek families in the village, the property they vacated was then used as a military depot. Little is left of this history; the church had long been converted to a mosque and was pulled down in 1977 for a new mosque to be built; fountains and ruins have disappeared. There is some remaining Ottoman architecture including a hunting lodge belonging to the sultans, (the name Avcılar means 'hunters' in Turkish) because actual hunters used to live in this area to protect the villages and some traditional farmhouses.

Avcılar today[edit]

The magazine Bayan Yani is created here and it has had resistance from the authorities. Their offices have been visited by people carrying petrol cans. 150 media workers have been held under arrest in Turkey including the cartoonist Musa Kart who is held in a location near to Avcilar.[3]

Istanbul University[edit]

One of Istanbul University's campuses is sited in Avcılar, housing the faculties of engineering, business management, sports and veterinary medicine. The campus is far away from the Anatolian Side of Istanbul and transportation was very complicated and difficult before the introduction of the Metrobus system. There is parkland in the campus and around Lake Küçükçekmece.

Earthquake vulnerability[edit]

This district was badly hit during 1999 earthquake. A major fault-line follows the Marmara shore and Avcılar is built on low-lying sandy soil, some of its landfill, right on this shore. This and the fact that the buildings are tall and were very cheaply built make it a particularly vulnerable area. Buildings damaged in 1999 have been repaired but an earthquake centered nearer to Istanbul will damage this area severely and destroy it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Fueling Turkish feminism with satire and humor, Clement Girardot, 16.04.17, Mashallah News, Retrieved June 2017

External links[edit]