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Avco Corporation
Founded1929 (1929) in Wilmington, Delaware
United States
Area served

Avco Corporation[1] is a subsidiary of Textron, which operates Textron Systems Corporation and Lycoming.[2]


The Aviation Corporation was formed on March 2, 1929, to prevent a takeover of CAM-24 airmail service operator Embry-Riddle Company by Clement Melville Keys, who planned on buying Curtiss aircraft rather than Sherman Fairchild's. With capital from Fairchild, George Hann, the Lehman Brothers, and W. A. Harriman,[3] the holding company began acquiring small airlines. By the end of 1929, it had acquired interests in over 90 aviation-related companies. In January 1930, the board broke off the airlines into Colonial and Universal Air Lines. Universal Air Lines name was changed to American Airways, and later merged with Colonial to form American Airlines.[4]

The company was required to divest American Airlines in 1934 due to new rules for air mail contracts. The Aviation Corporation ranked 32nd among United States corporations in the value of World War II production contracts.[5] Two months after World War II ended the Aviation Corporation branched into the manufacture of farm machinery with its acquisition of the New Idea Company in October 1945.[6] The company later changed its name to Avco Manufacturing Corporation, and then, in 1959, to Avco Corporation.[citation needed] In 1984, Avco sold its farm machinery division to White Farm Equipment and Avco was purchased by Textron.[7]

Avco's affiliated company, Avco Financial Services, was spun off to Associates First Capital Corporation in 1998,[8] which itself was acquired by Citigroup in 2000.[9]

Early companies bought or merged by Avco[edit]




See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Paul Revere Insurance Gets a New President". The New York Times. December 27, 1990. Retrieved January 22, 2023. became a part of Textron in 1984, after Textron acquired .. parent, Avco Inc., ... the bulk .. aerospace technology, commercial products and financial services.
  2. ^ "Avco Corporation: Private Company Information - BusinessWeek". Investing.businessweek.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  3. ^ F. Robert Van der Linden. Airlines and air mail: the post office and the birth of the commercial aviation industry. p. 57.
  4. ^ F. Robert Van der Linden. Airlines and air mail: the post office and the birth of the commercial aviation industry. p. 112.
  5. ^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition Process: An Economic Analysis (1962) Harvard Business School p.619
  6. ^ “Scope Broadened by Aviation Corp.," New York Times, October 30, 1945 stating that AVCO “will purchase slightly over 50% of New Idea’s outstanding shares from the four managing officers of the company, Henry Synck and J.A, J.H. and T.H. Oppenheim” and “Mr. Synck will be retained as a consultant and director and each of the Messrs. Oppenheim will remain officers and directors." See also:”New Idea Development,” Celina Daily Standard, August 27, 1999, page 7A, Sidebar. See also:Brian Wayne Wells, “The New Idea Spreader Company (part 2 of 2 Parts)” Belt/Pulley Magazine, Vol.11, No.6, November/December 1998, Part 2, [1] (accessed Nov. 8, 2010). AVCO, founded in 1928 as The Aviation Corporation, is now a subsidiary of Textron. In 1950, the last entirely orange wagon with green wheels and the New Idea motto, “Invention, Leadership, Quality,” rolled out of the Coldwater facility. The serial number of the wagon was 11,398 and the lot number was W-108. Wells, “The New Idea Spreader Company … Part 2”
  7. ^ Textron Systems History Archived November 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, 1984 History, "Textron acquires Avco, including Lycoming, to become Avco Systems Textron", 2010, accessed 2010-11-27.
  8. ^ "The Associates Announces Acquisition Of Avco Financial Services". Prnewswire.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  9. ^ "Citi - About Citi". Citigroup.com. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p F. Robert Van der Linden. Airlines and air mail: the post office and the birth of the commercial. p. 57.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Donald M. Pattillo. Pushing the Envelope: The American Aircraft Industry.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Howard Lee Scamehorn. Balloons to Jets: A Century of Aeronautics in Illinois, 1855-1955.
  13. ^ Anthony J. Mayo; Nitin Nohria; Mark Rennella. Entrepreneurs, managers, and leaders: what the airline industry can teach us. p. 71.
  14. ^ "Embry Riddle Early Years". Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
  15. ^ Harkey, Ira (1991). Pioneer Bush Pilot. Bantam Books. p. 290. ISBN 0553289195.
  16. ^ Tim Brady. The American aviation experience: a history. p. 147.
  17. ^ Paul Stephen Dempsey; Andrew R. Goetz. Airline deregulation and laissez-faire mythology. p. 54.
  18. ^ Textron Lycoming Turbine Engine, a Company History of AVCO and Lycoming/Textron
  19. ^ Avco Financial Services, Inc. from the Lehman Brothers Collection – Twentieth Century Business Archives
  20. ^ Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission
  21. ^ General Dynamics Corporation Archived 2008-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission
  22. ^ Central Manufacturing Co. of Connersville, Indiana, a history of Cord, AVCO, and others
  23. ^ "Westward Ho..." Aviation. Vol. 35, no. 2. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. February 1936. p. 17. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  24. ^ "Aviation Corporation to Build". Aviation. Vol. 34, no. 2. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. February 1935. p. 66. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  25. ^ "Aviation Corporation Acquires Plane Firm". Nashville Tennessean. AP. 3 June 1940. p. 3.
  26. ^ "Cars, Radios & Appliances: How Powel Crosley Jr. Changed Industries". Retro Planet. 18 July 2014.
  27. ^ "Judson S. Sayre". 12 May 1986 – via NYTimes.com.
  28. ^ "Bendix Sale by Avco to Philco Affirmed". 14 November 1956 – via NYTimes.com.
  29. ^ a b "Justice Won't Fight Carte Blanche Buy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 3 April 1978. p. 21. Retrieved 14 April 2014 – via Google News Archive.
  30. ^ "History - Rancho Bernardo Historical Society". Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  31. ^ Hammer, Alexander R. (1969-10-14). "AVCO UNIT TO GET SHARE OF LAGUNA; $19-Million Transaction Set by the Two Concerns". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  32. ^ PR Newswire, December 8, 1999. “1999 AGCO To Close Its Coldwater, Ohio Facility Lockney, Texas Plant to Cease Production by Second Quarter The Free Library(December, 8), http://www.thefreelibrary.com/AGCO To Close Its Coldwater, Ohio Facility Lockney, Texas Plant to...-a058077591(accessed November 21, 2010)”
  33. ^ "Stratford's troubled Army Engine Plant property back on market - Connecticut Post". Ctpost.com. 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  34. ^ "History : Triumph Aerostructures - Vought Aircraft Division". Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2012-07-04.

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