||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|2nd President of the Executive Council of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
December 1953 – 1956
|Preceded by||Đuro Pucar|
|Succeeded by||Osman Karabegović|
1 February 1914|
Mostar, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire
|Died||24 January 1983
Opatija, SR Croatia, Yugoslavia
|Political party||League of Communists of Yugoslavia|
|Relations||Hamza Humo (uncle)
Momčilo Ninčić (father-in-law)
|Years of service||1941–45|
Humo held highest positions in the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 1972, Humo and Osman Karabegović came into conflict with the leadership of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina, accusing it for the establishment of "undemocratic relations" and the introduction of a "strong-arm led regime". This led to Humo and Karabegović being stripped of their posts.
Humo was born in Mostar on 1 February 1914. He joined the revolutionary movement while he attended high school in gymnasium in Mostar. Because he was expelled from the gymnasium in Mostar, he continued his education in Bihać. Subsequently, he enrolled the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philology, where he obtained a degree in world and Yugoslav literature. At the University, he was one of the organizers and participants in actions of the socialist-oriented students. He became a member of SKOJ in 1934 and a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in 1935. He organized students of Bosnia and Herzegovina into the "Petar Kočić" youth society and the "Neretva" section where members of Communist Party were also active.
Humo was one of the most prominent party members before World War II in Yugoslavia. In 1940 he became a member of the Regional Committee of Communist Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina. He was also one of the resistance organizers in Herzegovina against Axis forces. Because he was educated and well read, Humo was nicknamed "Kulturni" by his comrades. Listening to command he moved to Sarajevo and continued his activity there. As the party's Vice-President he participated in the First and Second Assembly of ZAVNOBiH. He was also a member of the AVNOJ.
Humo was a founding member of the famous Bosnian newspaper Oslobođenje. He served on various party and state positions, including as the President of the Executive Council of PR Bosnia and Herzegovina (de facto Prime Minister). He was proclaimed People's Hero of Yugoslavia on 27 November 1953. In 1972, he was dismissed along with Osman Karabegović from their posts for alleged Muslim "exclusivism" and "nationalism."
Humo married Olga Ninčić, daughter of Momčilo Ninčić, a prominent politician of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and former President of the Assembly of the League of Nations. His wife was a secretary of Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito through the war. Bosnian writer Hamza Humo was his uncle.
- Bilandžić, Dušan (1985). Historija Socijalističke Federativne Republike Jugoslavije: glavni procesi 1918-1985. p. 435.
- Donia, Robert J. (2006). Sarajevo: a biography. University of Michigan Press. p. 192. ISBN 0-472-11557-X.
- Ramet, Sabrina P. (2006). The three Yugoslavias. Indiana University Press. p. 291. ISBN 0-8047-0857-6.
- Velikonja, Mitja (2003). Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Eastern European Studies. 20. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. p. 226. ISBN 1-58544-226-7.
- Tomasevich, Jozo (1975). The Chetniks. Stanford University Press. p. 275. ISBN 0-253-34656-8.
- Isaković, Alija (1994). Antologija zla (in Bosnian). Ljiljan.
- Pinson, Mark (1996). The Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina: Their Historic Development from the Middle Ages to the Dissolution of Yugoslavia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard CMES. ISBN 9780932885128.
- Velikonja, Mitja (2003). Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 9781603447249.
|President of the Executive Council of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina