Aveley

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Aveley
Timeless (St Michael's Aveley) - geograph.org.uk - 36157.jpg
St Michael's, Aveley
Aveley is located in Essex
Aveley
Aveley
Location within Essex
Area1.64 km2 (0.63 sq mi)
Population9,461 (2019 estimate)
• Density5,769/km2 (14,940/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ565805
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSOUTH OCKENDON
Postcode districtRM15
Dialling code01708
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°30′06″N 0°15′12″E / 51.50177°N 0.25339°E / 51.50177; 0.25339Coordinates: 51°30′06″N 0°15′12″E / 51.50177°N 0.25339°E / 51.50177; 0.25339

Aveley is a town in the unitary authority of Thurrock in Essex, England, and forms one of the traditional Church of England parishes. Aveley is 16 miles (26.2 km) east of Charing Cross. In 2019 it had an estimated population of 9,461.[1]

Position[edit]

Aveley is located on the very edge of Greater London and is roughly bounded to the north and west by the London Borough of Havering, to the south by the A13 road and to the east by the M25 motorway. The nearest places are Purfleet, South Ockendon, Wennington and Rainham.

Prehistory and history[edit]

Aveley has given its name to the Aveley Interglacial period around 200,000 years ago. Important evidence of the local flora and fauna of the period and some signs of occupation by Neanderthal humans have been found there.[2]

In Domesday the name has various spellings – Alvithelea, Alvileia and Alvilea.[3] The name means Aelfgyth's wood clearing.[4] A variation, in 1418, is Alvythele.[5]

After the Second World War the population grew rapidly as the area absorbed London overspill.

Notable people[edit]

Historic buildings[edit]

St Michael's Church[edit]

The parish church of St Michael is a Grade I listed building dating from the 12th century.[8][9] It contains a 14th-century memorial brass to Radulphus de Knevynton, which is echoed in the arms of the Thurrock unitary authority. The church was declared unsafe in the 19th century, with the recommendation that it should be pulled down. However, this was averted by its parishioners, who raised £1,000 to save it.[10]

Other listed buildings[edit]

Grade II*[8]

  • Brett's Farmhouse
  • Sir Henry Gurnett public house

Grade II[8]

  • 79, High Street
  • Crown and Anchor public house
  • Park Corner House
  • 54 and 56 High Street
  • Courts Farm, Park Lane
  • Court's Farmhouse barn
  • Brett's Farmhouse barn
  • Aveley Hall
The Old Ship

The Old Ship public house at 58 High Street is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.[11]

Demographics[edit]

According to Thurrock Council, the ward of Aveley and Uplands had a population of 8,381 people in 2001.

Sport[edit]

Aveley is the home of non-League football club Aveley, which plays at Parkside. It was also home of now defunct Thurrock, who played at Ship Lane.

Belhus golf course is located in Aveley near the site of the former Belhus Mansion. Much of the remaining land from Belhus forms the Belhus Woods Country Park.

Transport[edit]

The nearest railway stations are:

It is also within reach of the M25 Motorway.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Aveley". City Population De. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  2. ^ Nick Ashton: Early Humans, New Naturalist series (London: HarperCollins, 2017), pp. 168–70.
  3. ^ Christopher Harrold (Editor), Exploring Thurrock (Thurrock Local History Society, 2008)
  4. ^ James Kemble, Essex Place-Names (Historical Publications, 2007)
  5. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives: CP 40/629; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/aCP40no629fronts/IMG_0489.htm; first entry
  6. ^ Thurrock Local History Society
  7. ^ Lewis, Frank (1976). Essex and Suger. Philimore. p. 51.
  8. ^ a b c "Appendix 7 to Thurrock Development Plan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Michael (1337099)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 November 2021.
  10. ^ "St Michael's, Aveley".
  11. ^ Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 39. ISBN 9781852493042.

External links[edit]