List of Marvel Cinematic Universe films

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Marvel Cinematic Universe films
Marvel Cinematic Universe Infinity Saga Artwork.jpeg
Artwork for "The Infinity Saga Collector's Edition" box set
Produced by
Based onCharacters published
by Marvel Comics
StarringSee below
Production
company
Distributed by
Release date
2008–present
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
BudgetTotal (23 films):
$4.473–4.582 billion
Box officeTotal (23 films):
$22.585 billion

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) films are a series of American superhero films produced by Marvel Studios based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The MCU is the shared universe in which all of the films are set. The films have been in production since 2007, and in that time Marvel Studios has produced and released 23 films, with at least 14 more in various stages of development. It is the highest-grossing film franchise of all time, having grossed over $22.5 billion at the global box office. This includes Avengers: Endgame, which is the highest-grossing film of all time.

Kevin Feige has produced every film in the series, alongside Avi Arad for the first two releases, Gale Anne Hurd for The Incredible Hulk, Amy Pascal for the Spider-Man films, and Stephen Broussard for Ant-Man and the Wasp. The films are written and directed by a variety of individuals and feature large, often ensemble, casts. Many of the actors, including Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Mark Ruffalo, Chris Hemsworth, Scarlett Johansson, and Jeremy Renner signed contracts to star in numerous films.

Marvel Studios releases its films in groups called "Phases".[1][2] Their first film is Iron Man (2008), which was distributed by Paramount Pictures. Paramount also distributed Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011) and Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), while Universal Pictures distributed The Incredible Hulk (2008). Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures began distributing the series with the crossover film The Avengers (2012), which concluded Phase One.[2][3] Phase Two comprises Iron Man 3 (2013), Thor: The Dark World (2013), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Guardians of the Galaxy (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), and Ant-Man (2015).[2]

Captain America: Civil War (2016) is the first film of Phase Three, and is followed by Doctor Strange (2016), Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), Thor: Ragnarok (2017), Black Panther (2018), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Ant-Man and the Wasp (2018), Captain Marvel (2019), Avengers: Endgame (2019), and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019).[2] The first three phases are collectively known as "The Infinity Saga". The Spider-Man films are owned, financed, and distributed by Sony Pictures.

Phase Four will include Black Widow (2020), The Eternals (2020), Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings (2021), Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness (2021), a third Spider-Man film (2021), and Thor: Love and Thunder (2021). The phase will feature these films, as well as eight announced television event series for the streaming service Disney+.[4][5][6] Black Panther II (2022) is also in development,[7] along with three additional films for 2022 and four films for 2023.[8][9]

Films[edit]

The Infinity Saga[edit]

The films from Phase One through Phase Three are collectively known as "The Infinity Saga".[10][11]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Phase One[12]
Iron Man May 2, 2008 Jon Favreau[13] Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway[13][14] Avi Arad and Kevin Feige
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 Louis Leterrier[15] Zak Penn[16] Avi Arad, Gale Anne Hurd
and Kevin Feige
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 Jon Favreau[17] Justin Theroux[18] Kevin Feige
Thor May 6, 2011 Kenneth Branagh[19] Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz and Don Payne[20]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 Joe Johnston[21] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[22]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 Joss Whedon[23]
Phase Two[12]
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 Shane Black[24] Drew Pearce and Shane Black[24][25] Kevin Feige
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 Alan Taylor[26] Christopher L. Yost and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[27]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 Anthony and Joe Russo[28] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[29]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 James Gunn[30] James Gunn and Nicole Perlman[31]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 Joss Whedon[32]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 Peyton Reed[33] Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd[34]
Phase Three[12][35]
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 Anthony and Joe Russo[36] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[36] Kevin Feige
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 Scott Derrickson[37] Jon Spaihts and Scott Derrickson & C. Robert Cargill[38]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 May 5, 2017 James Gunn[31]
Spider-Man: Homecoming July 7, 2017 Jon Watts[39] Jonathan Goldstein & John Francis Daley and
Jon Watts & Christopher Ford and
Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[40]
Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017 Taika Waititi[41] Eric Pearson and Craig Kyle & Christopher L. Yost[42][43] Kevin Feige
Black Panther February 16, 2018 Ryan Coogler[44] Ryan Coogler & Joe Robert Cole[45][46]
Avengers: Infinity War April 27, 2018 Anthony and Joe Russo[47] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[48]
Ant-Man and the Wasp July 6, 2018 Peyton Reed[49] Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers and
Paul Rudd, Andrew Barrer & Gabriel Ferrari[50]
Kevin Feige and
Stephen Broussard
Captain Marvel March 8, 2019 Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck[51] Anna Boden & Ryan Fleck & Geneva Robertson-Dworet[52] Kevin Feige
Avengers: Endgame April 26, 2019 Anthony and Joe Russo[47] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[48]
Spider-Man: Far From Home July 2, 2019 Jon Watts[53] Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[54] Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal

Upcoming[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
Phase Four[55][a]
Black Widow May 1, 2020 (2020-05-01)[4] Cate Shortland[56] Jac Schaeffer and Ned Benson[57][58] Kevin Feige Post-production
The Eternals November 6, 2020 (2020-11-06)[4] Chloé Zhao[59] Matthew K. Firpo & Ryan Firpo[60] Filming
Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings February 12, 2021 (2021-02-12)[4] Destin Daniel Cretton[61] David Callaham[62] Pre-production
Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness May 7, 2021 (2021-05-07)[4] Scott Derrickson[63] Jade Bartlett[64]
Untitled Spider-Man: Far From Home sequel July 16, 2021 (2021-07-16)[5] TBA Chris McKenna & Erik Sommers[65] Kevin Feige
and Amy Pascal
Thor: Love and Thunder November 5, 2021 (2021-11-05)[4] Taika Waititi[66] Kevin Feige
  1. ^ Phase Four also includes multiple series streaming on Disney+.[4]

Future[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
Black Panther II May 6, 2022 (2022-05-06)[67] Ryan Coogler[68] Kevin Feige In development

Feige and Marvel have additional storylines planned through 2028,[69] resulting in many films "on the docket that are completely different from anything that's come before—intentionally."[70] Feige noted at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con that the studio has films scheduled to release after 2021, though they would not announce them nor the release dates at this time.[71] Disney has scheduled additional release dates for untitled Marvel Studios films on February 18, July 29, and October 7, 2022,[8][9] as well as February 17, May 5, July 28, and November 3, 2023.[9]

Black Panther II (2022)[edit]

By October 2018, Ryan Coogler had completed a deal to write and direct a sequel to Black Panther.[68] In July 2019, Feige confirmed the film is currently in development.[72] At the 2019 D23 Expo, the working title Black Panther II and a release date of May 6, 2022 were announced.[7]

Blade[edit]

Marvel Studios had a working script for a Blade film by May 2013,[73] after reacquiring the character's film rights.[74] By July 2015, Wesley Snipes stated that he had discussed the possibility of reprising his role, with Marvel Studios.[75] At the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con, Blade was announced with Mahershala Ali as Eric Brooks / Blade.[4] The actor previously portrayed Cornell "Cottonmouth" Stokes in the first season of Luke Cage.[76] Blade is not part of Phase Four.[77]

Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3[edit]

In April 2016, Kevin Feige stated that "Guardians 3 is [one film that's] up there" being considered for release beyond 2019.[78] In March 2017, Gunn stated that a third Guardians film would happen "for sure",[79] and the following month confirmed he would return to write and direct Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3.[80] However, in July 2018, Disney and Marvel severed ties with Gunn following the resurfacing of controversial tweets from 2008 and 2009 making light of topics such as rape and pedophilia.[81][82] Marvel planned to continue to use Gunn's script for the film.[83] Production was put on hold in August 2018,[84] ahead of the planned start of filming in January or February 2019.[85][84] In March 2019, Disney and Marvel reversed course and reinstated Gunn as the director of the film. Filming will begin in 2020 once he has completed his work for the DC Extended Universe film The Suicide Squad.[86][87] Feige confirmed that the film is in development at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con.[88]

Untitled Captain Marvel sequel[edit]

In February 2019, Brie Larson expressed interest for including the character Kamala Khan / Ms. Marvel in a sequel to Captain Marvel;[89] while Feige previously said he had plans to introduce Khan to the MCU following the release of Captain Marvel.[90] The following month, Feige said he had "pretty amazing" ideas for a Captain Marvel sequel.[91] Feige added that a sequel could explore the time gap between the end of the first film and Danvers' next appearance in Avengers: Endgame.[92] Lashana Lynch expressed interest in reprising her role as Maria Rambeau in such a sequel.[93] Feige confirmed the film is in development at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con.[94]

Untitled Fantastic Four film[edit]

In July 2019, at the San Diego Comic-Con, Feige announced that the Fantastic Four will join the MCU, in an upcoming film centered around the team.[95] Feige told Variety that the film will "[bring] Marvel's first family up to the sort of platform and level they deserve", after the critical and commercial failure of 20th Century Fox's previous film adaptation.[96]

Untitled mutant-centered film[edit]

During Marvel Studios' panel at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con, where the plans for Phase Four were discussed, Feige confirmed that the studio is developing movies about mutants (which include X-Men).[4][97] Asked by IGN whether the mutants film would not be X-Men-titled, Feige acknowledged that the terms "X-Men" and "mutants" are interchangeable but went on to say that the MCU approach would be quite different from the 20th Century Fox film series.[98]

Untitled Ant-Man and the Wasp sequel[edit]

Ahead of the release of Ant-Man and the Wasp, Peyton Reed noted that he and Marvel were "hopeful" about a third Ant-Man film, having discussed potential story points.[99] Michael Douglas also expressed interest in playing a younger version of his character Hank Pym in a prequel,[100] something which Reed already teased back in 2015.[101] In February 2019, Douglas said of a possible sequel, "There's been talk [about another Ant-Man]... [but] there's been nothing formal right now that I know of."[102] In October 2019, when asked about Rudd's future as Ant-Man, Feige responded, "The chess pieces were arranged very purposefully after [Avengers: Endgame]. Those that are off the board are off, and those that are still on, you never know."[103] Reed was confirmed to return to direct a third Ant-Man film by the following month. It has a possible release date in 2022,[104] with filming beginning in January 2021.[105]

Potential projects[edit]

Untitled Deadpool film[edit]

After the acquisition of 21st Century Fox by Disney was announced in December 2017, Disney CEO Bob Iger said that Deadpool would be integrated with the MCU under Disney, with Ryan Reynolds expected to reprise his role as Deadpool from the X-Men film series.[106][107] The Once Upon a Deadpool version of Deadpool 2 (2018) was being watched carefully by Disney and Marvel to see whether it might inform how they could approach the character and integrate him into the PG-13 MCU.[108] In October 2019, Deadpool (2016) and Deadpool 2 screenwriters Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick said that they were waiting for approval from Marvel Studios to begin production on the third film. Reese said, "[Deadpool] will live in the R-rated universe that we've created, and hopefully we'll be allowed to play a little bit in the MCU sandbox as well and incorporate him into that."[109]

Timeline[edit]

External image
The Phase One Timeline infographic released by Marvel in May 2012[110]

During Phase One of the MCU, Marvel Studios lined up some of their films' stories with references to one another, though they had no long-term plan for the shared universe's timeline at that point.[111] Iron Man 2 is set six months after the events of Iron Man,[112] and around the same time as Thor according to comments made by Nick Fury.[111] The official tie-in comic Fury's Big Week confirmed that The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man 2, and Thor all took place within a week, a year before the crossover film The Avengers. Writers Chris Yost and Eric Pearson tried to follow the logic of the films' timeline when plotting the comic, and received "the seal of approval" from Feige and Marvel Studios on the final timeline.[113] As promotion ahead of the release of The Avengers, Marvel released an official infographic detailing this timeline in May 2012.[110]

Wanting to simplify the in-universe timeline,[111] the Phase Two films were set roughly in real time relating to The Avengers: Iron Man 3 takes place about six months later, during Christmas;[114][115] Thor: The Dark World is set one year later;[116] and Captain America: The Winter Soldier is two years after.[115] Avengers: Age of Ultron and Ant-Man ended the phase in 2015,[117][118] with several months passing between those films in-universe as in real life.[119] For Phase Three, directors the Russo brothers wanted to continue using real time, and so Captain America: Civil War begins a year after Age of Ultron,[120] with Avengers: Infinity War set two years after that.[121] However, producer Brad Winderbaum said the Phase Three films would actually "happen on top of each other" while being less "interlocked" as the Phase One films were,[122] with Black Panther and Spider-Man: Homecoming respectively beginning a week and several months after Civil War;[123][124] Thor: Ragnarok beginning four years after The Dark World and two years after Age of Ultron,[125][126] around the same time as Civil War and Homecoming;[122] Doctor Strange taking place over a whole year and ending "up to date with the rest of the MCU";[127] Ant-Man and the Wasp also set two years after Civil War and shortly before Infinity War;[128] and both Guardians of the Galaxy and its sequel Vol. 2 being explicitly set in 2014,[129][130] which Feige believed would create a four-year gap between Vol. 2 and Infinity War, though the other MCU films up to that point do not specify years onscreen.[131]

When Spider-Man: Homecoming was being developed, director and co-writer Jon Watts was shown a scroll detailing the MCU timeline that was created by co-producer Eric Carroll when he first began working for Marvel Studios. Watts said the scroll included both where the continuity of the films lined-up and did not lineup, and when fully unfurled it extended beyond the length of a long conference table. This scroll was used as the basis to weave the continuity of Homecoming into the previous films, such as The Avengers.[132] This was labeled in the film with a title card stating that eight years pass between the end of The Avengers and the events of Civil War, which was widely criticized as a continuity error that broke the established MCU timeline, in which only four years should have passed.[133][134] Additionally, dialogue in Civil War indicates that eight years pass between the end of Iron Man and the events of that film, despite the established continuity being closer to five or six years.[135][136] Infinity War co-director Joe Russo described the Homecoming eight years time jump as "very incorrect",[137] and the mistake was ignored in Infinity War which specified that its events were taking place only six years after The Avengers.[136] The public response to the Homecoming mistake inspired Marvel Studios to release a new timeline for all three phases,[134] and in November 2018, a timeline, specifying dates for the events in each film released to that point, was included as part of the sourcebook Marvel Studios: The First 10 Years, celebrating the 10-year anniversary of the MCU.[138]

Marvel Studios: The First 10 Years timeline from November 2018[138]
Year(s) Feature films
1943–1945 Captain America: The First Avenger
2010 Iron Man
2011 Iron Man 2, Thor
2012 The Avengers, Iron Man 3
2013 Thor: The Dark World
2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2
2015 Avengers: Age of Ultron, Ant-Man
2016 Captain America: Civil War
2016–2017 Doctor Strange
2017 Black Panther, Thor: Ragnarok, Avengers: Infinity War
Notes: The Incredible Hulk, Spider-Man: Homecoming, and Ant-Man and the Wasp are discussed in the Marvel Studios: The First 10 Years sourcebook, but their events are not included in the timeline.[138]

This timeline ignores the two "eight-year" continuity errors, but also contradicts the events of Black Panther and Infinity War by placing them in 2017. Despite the latter apparent mistakes, Thomas Bacon of Screen Rant described the timeline as "the closest Marvel has yet come to making an official statement on just when the different MCU events are set", bringing "some sense of balance to the MCU continuity".[139] Following Infinity War, the Russo brothers said future films would not necessarily be set according to real time as there are "a lot of very inventive ways of where the story can go from here", with both Ant-Man and the Wasp and Captain Marvel set earlier in the timeline;[140] the latter is set in 1995.[141] Avengers: Endgame begins shortly after Infinity War and ends in 2023 after a five-year time jump. It confirms dates for several of the other films, including The Avengers in 2012, Thor: The Dark World in 2013, Guardians of the Galaxy in 2014, Doctor Strange around 2017, and Ant-Man and the Wasp in 2018 at the same time as Infinity War.[142] Spider-Man: Far From Home begins eight months after Endgame in 2024,[143] contradicting Amy Pascal's prior statement that it would begin only a few minutes after Endgame.[144] Black Widow is set between Civil War and Infinity War.[145]

Recurring cast and characters[edit]

List indicator(s)

This section shows characters who will appear or have appeared in films in multiple phases within the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and have appeared in the billing block for at least two of them (see FAQ).

  • A dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film, or that the character's presence in the film has not yet been announced.
  • C indicates an uncredited cameo role.
  • V indicates a voice-only role.
Character Phase One Phase Two Phase Three Phase Four
Bruce Banner
Hulk
Edward Norton[146]
Lou FerrignoV[146]
Mark Ruffalo[147]
Mark Ruffalo[148][149]
James "Bucky" Barnes
Winter Soldier
Sebastian Stan[150][151][152]
Clint Barton
Hawkeye
Jeremy Renner[153][154][155]
Peggy Carter Hayley Atwell[150][156][157]
Sharon Carter Emily VanCamp[156][158]
Phil Coulson Clark Gregg[159] Clark Gregg[160]
Drax the Destroyer Dave Bautista[161][162]
Jane Foster Natalie Portman[163][164][165][166]
Frigga Rene Russo[167][168][169]
Nick Fury Samuel L. Jackson[170][171][172]
Gamora Zoe Saldana[173][162]
Groot Vin DieselV[174][175]
Heimdall Idris Elba[163][176][177]
Maria Hill Cobie Smulders[178][179][180]
Happy Hogan Jon Favreau[181][182]
Korath the Pursuer Djimon Hounsou[183][160]
Scott Lang
Ant-Man
Paul Rudd[184][185]
Darcy Lewis Kat Dennings[163][186]
Loki Tom Hiddleston[187][188][189]
Wanda Maximoff
Scarlet Witch
Elizabeth Olsen[190][191][192]
Nebula Karen Gillan[183][193]
Odin Anthony Hopkins
Christine Palmer Rachel McAdams[194][195]
Peter Parker
Spider-Man
Max Favreau[a] Tom Holland[197][198]
Pepper Potts Gwyneth Paltrow[159][199][200]
Hank Pym Michael Douglas[201][202]
Peter Quill
Star-Lord
Chris Pratt[203][204]
James "Rhodey" Rhodes
War Machine
/ Iron Patriot
Terrence Howard[159]
Don Cheadle[205]
Don Cheadle[199][185]
Rocket Bradley CooperV[206][207]
Steve Rogers
Captain America
Chris Evans[208][209][210]
Natasha Romanoff
Black Widow
Scarlett Johansson[153][211][212][87]
Ronan the Accuser Lee Pace[183][160]
Thaddeus "Thunderbolt" Ross William Hurt[146] William Hurt[185][213]
Brock Rumlow
Crossbones
Frank Grillo[179][214]
Erik Selvig Stellan Skarsgård[215][216]
Tony Stark
Iron Man
Robert Downey Jr.[217][218][219]
Stephen Strange
Doctor Strange
Benedict Cumberbatch[220][221]
Thanos Damion Poitier[222] Josh BrolinC[223] Josh Brolin[224]
Thor Chris Hemsworth[225][226][227][228]
Taneleer Tivan
Collector
Benicio del Toro[183][229]
Valkyrie Tessa Thompson[230][228]
Hope van Dyne
Wasp
Evangeline Lilly[231][232]
Vision
J.A.R.V.I.S.
Paul Bettany[233][234][185]
Volstagg Ray Stevenson
Sam Wilson
Falcon
Anthony Mackie[151][235]
Wong Benedict Wong[236][221]
  1. ^ In June 2017, Holland, Watts, and Feige stated that the child (played by Max Favreau) whom Tony Stark saves from a drone in Iron Man 2, is Peter Parker.[196]

Release[edit]

Home media[edit]

In June 2012, Marvel announced a 10-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase One – Avengers Assembled", for release on September 25, 2012. The box set includes all six of the Phase One films—Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and Marvel's The Avengers—on Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D, in a replica of Nick Fury's briefcase from The Avengers.[237] In August 2012, luggage company Rimowa GmbH, who developed the briefcase for The Avengers, filed suit against Marvel Studios and Buena Vista Home Entertainment in U.S. federal court, complaining that "Marvel did not obtain any license or authorization from Rimowa to make replica copies of the cases for any purpose."[238] The set was delayed to early 2013 for the packaging to be redesigned.[239] The box set, with a redesigned case, was released on April 2, 2013. In addition, the box set included a featurette on the then-upcoming Phase Two films, showing footage and concept art, as well as previously unreleased deleted scenes from all of the Phase One films.[240]

In July 2015, Marvel announced a 13-disc box set titled "Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase Two Collection", for release on December 8, 2015, exclusive to Amazon.com. The box set includes all six of the Phase Two films—Iron Man 3, Thor: The Dark World, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, Avengers: Age of Ultron, and Ant-Man—on Blu-ray, Blu-ray 3D and a digital copy, in a replica of the Orb from Guardians of the Galaxy, plus a bonus disc and exclusive memorabilia. Material on the bonus disc includes all of the Marvel One-Shots with commentary, deleted scenes and pre-production creative features for each of the films, featurettes on the making of the post-credit scenes for the films, and first looks at Captain America: Civil War, Doctor Strange, and Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2.[241][242]

In September 2019, Feige indicated a box set with all 23 films of The Infinity Saga would be released, with the set including previously unreleased deleted scenes and other footage, such as an alternate take of the Nick Fury post-credits scene from Iron Man which references Spider-Man, the Hulk, and the X-Men.[243] The box set, featuring all 23 films on Ultra HD Blu-ray and Blu-ray, a bonus disc, a letter from Feige, and a lithograph art piece by Matt Ferguson, was released on November 15, 2019, exclusively at Best Buy.[244]

IMAX 10th anniversary festival[edit]

From August 30 to September 6, 2018, in conjunction with Marvel Studios' 10 year anniversary celebrations, all 20 films released at the time (Iron Man through Ant-Man and the Wasp) were screened in IMAX. The films were shown in release order, with four films per day. The final days of the festival were theme related, with one showing "origin" films (Iron Man, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Black Panther, and Doctor Strange), one showing "team-ups" (Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, Captain America: Civil War, The Avengers, and Avengers: Infinity War),[245][246] and the final day showing Iron Man and The Avengers as chosen by the fans via a Twitter poll.[247] The festival also saw Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, and Captain America: The First Avenger released in IMAX for the first time.[245][246]

Reception[edit]

Box office performance[edit]

The Marvel Cinematic Universe films are the highest-grossing film franchise of all time worldwide, both unadjusted and adjusted-for-inflation, having grossed over $22.5 billion at the global box office. Several of its sub series such as the Avengers, Iron Man, Captain America, and Thor film series are among the most successful film series of all time.[248]

Film U.S. release date Box office gross All-time ranking Budget Ref(s)
U.S. and Canada Other territories Worldwide U.S. and Canada Worldwide
Phase One
Iron Man May 2, 2008 $318,604,126 $266,762,121 $585,366,247 71 166 $140 million [249]
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 $134,806,913 $128,620,638 $263,427,551 447 558 $150 million [250]
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 $312,433,331 $311,500,000 $623,933,331 76 148 $200 million [251]
Thor May 6, 2011 $181,030,624 $268,295,994 $449,326,618 253 250 $150 million [252]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 $176,654,505 $193,915,269 $370,569,774 269 336 $140 million [253]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 $623,357,910 $895,455,078 $1,518,812,988 8 8 $220 million [254]
Phase Two
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 $409,013,994 $805,797,258 $1,214,811,252 30 19 $178.4 million [255][256]
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 $206,362,140 $438,421,000 $644,783,140 201 139 $152.7 million [257][256]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 $259,766,572 $454,654,931 $714,421,503 116 112 $177 million [258][259]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 $333,176,600 $439,600,000 $772,776,600 63 98 $195.9 million [260][261]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 $459,005,868 $943,800,000 $1,402,805,868 18 10 $365.5 million [262][263]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015 $180,202,163 $339,109,802 $519,311,965 255 205 $109.3 million [264][263]
Phase Three
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016 $408,084,349 $745,211,944 $1,153,296,293 31 21 $230 million [265][266]
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016 $232,641,920 $445,076,475 $677,718,395 151 127 $165 million [267][268]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 May 5, 2017 $389,813,101 $473,942,950 $863,756,051 39 71 $200 million [269]
Spider-Man: Homecoming July 7, 2017 $334,201,140 $545,965,784 $880,166,924 61 64 $175 million [270]
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017 $315,058,289 $538,918,837 $853,977,126 75 74 $180 million [271]
Black Panther February 16, 2018 $700,059,566 $646,853,595 $1,346,913,161 4 11 $200 million [272][273]
Avengers: Infinity War April 27, 2018 $678,815,482 $1,369,544,272 $2,048,359,754 5 5 $316–400 million [274][275]
Ant-Man and the Wasp July 6, 2018 $216,648,740 $406,025,399 $622,674,139 178 150 $162 million [276][277]
Captain Marvel March 8, 2019 $426,829,839 $701,444,955 $1,128,274,794 23 24 $150–175 million [278][279]
Avengers: Endgame April 26, 2019 $858,373,000 $1,939,427,564 $2,797,800,564 2 1 $356 million [280]
Spider-Man: Far From Home July 2, 2019 $390,532,085 $741,395,911 $1,131,927,996 38 23 $160 million [281]
Total $8,545,472,257 $14,039,739,777 $22,585,212,034 1 1 $4.473–4.582 billion [282]
[283]

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Critical Public
Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Phase One
Iron Man 93% (276 reviews)[284] 79 (38 reviews)[285] A[286]
The Incredible Hulk 67% (230 reviews)[287] 61 (38 reviews)[288] A−[286]
Iron Man 2 73% (293 reviews)[289] 57 (40 reviews)[290] A[286]
Thor 77% (283 reviews)[291] 57 (40 reviews)[292] B+[286]
Captain America: The First Avenger 80% (265 reviews)[293] 66 (43 reviews)[294] A−[286]
Marvel's The Avengers 92% (346 reviews)[295] 69 (43 reviews)[296] A+[286]
Phase Two
Iron Man 3 79% (316 reviews)[297] 62 (44 reviews)[298] A[286]
Thor: The Dark World 67% (269 reviews)[299] 54 (44 reviews)[300] A−[286]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier 90% (293 reviews)[301] 70 (48 reviews)[302] A[286]
Guardians of the Galaxy 91% (317 reviews)[303] 76 (53 reviews)[304] A[286]
Avengers: Age of Ultron 75% (355 reviews)[305] 66 (49 reviews)[306] A[286]
Ant-Man 83% (313 reviews)[307] 64 (44 reviews)[308] A[286]
Phase Three
Captain America: Civil War 91% (395 reviews)[309] 75 (53 reviews)[310] A[286]
Doctor Strange 89% (355 reviews)[311] 72 (49 reviews)[312] A[286]
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 84% (392 reviews)[313] 67 (48 reviews)[314] A[286]
Spider-Man: Homecoming 92% (375 reviews)[315] 73 (51 reviews)[316] A[286]
Thor: Ragnarok 93% (400 reviews)[317] 74 (51 reviews)[318] A[286]
Black Panther 97% (486 reviews)[319] 88 (55 reviews)[320] A+[286]
Avengers: Infinity War 85% (445 reviews)[321] 68 (53 reviews)[322] A[286]
Ant-Man and the Wasp 88% (402 reviews)[323] 70 (56 reviews)[324] A−[286]
Captain Marvel 78% (496 reviews)[325] 64 (56 reviews)[326] A[286]
Avengers: Endgame 94% (485 reviews)[327] 78 (57 reviews)[328] A+[286]
Spider-Man: Far From Home 90% (416 reviews)[329] 69 (55 reviews)[330] A[286]
Average 85% 69 A

Repurposed projects[edit]

These projects were in development as films from Marvel Studios before becoming television series under Marvel Television:

  • Inhumans: In April 2013, Feige mentioned the Inhumans as a property out of which he was "confident" a film would be made.[331] Inhumans as a concept would first be introduced to the MCU in 2014 through the second season of the television series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.[332] By August 2014, the studio was ready to move forward in development with the film, with a screenplay written by Joe Robert Cole.[333] In October 2014, the film was announced for Phase Three[334] and scheduled for release July 2019.[335] By October 2015, Cole was no longer involved with the film and any potential drafts that he may have written would not be used.[336] In April 2016, Inhumans was removed from the release schedule,[337] and would no longer be a part of Phase Three.[338] In July 2016, Feige said Inhumans would "certainly" be a part of the discussion regarding the film ideas for 2020 and 2021,[339] adding the following November that he was still optimistic the film could be released in Phase Four.[340] In November 2016, Marvel Television announced the series Marvel's Inhumans, which premiered on ABC in September 2017, after the first two episodes were screened in IMAX.[341] The series was not intended to be a reworking of the film.[342] ABC canceled Inhumans after one season in May 2018.[343]
  • Runaways: A film based on the Runaways went through a number of iterations. Brian K. Vaughan was originally hired to write a screenplay based on the property in May 2008.[344] In April 2010, Marvel hired Peter Sollett to direct the film,[345] and Drew Pearce was hired to write a script in May.[346] The following October, development on the film was put on hold,[347] with Pearce revealing in September 2013 that the Runaways film had been shelved in favor of The Avengers, with the earliest it could release being Phase Three.[348] In October 2014, after announcing all of Marvel's Phase Three films without Runaways, Feige stated the project was "still an awesome script that exists in our script vault", adding, "We'd love to do something with Runaways some day. In our television and future film discussions, it's always one that we talk about, because we have a solid draft there. But again, we can't make them all."[349] In August 2016, Marvel Television announced Marvel's Runaways from the streaming service Hulu,[350] with the series receiving a full season order in May 2017.[351] It premiered in November 2017.[352]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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