Avenida de América (Madrid Metro)

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Avenida de América
MetroMadridLogoSimplified.svg
Madrid Metro station
Metro Madrid Avenida America.jpg
Line 6 platform, Avenida de América
LocationChamartín / Salamanca, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates40°26′17″N 3°40′36″W / 40.438035°N 3.6766893°W / 40.438035; -3.6766893Coordinates: 40°26′17″N 3°40′36″W / 40.438035°N 3.6766893°W / 40.438035; -3.6766893
Owned byCRTM
Operated byCRTM
Other information
Fare zoneA
History
Opened26 March 1973 (1973-03-26)
Services
Preceding station   Madrid Metro   Following station
toward Argüelles
Line 4
clockwise / outer
Line 6
anticlockwise / inner
Line 7
toward Pitis
Line 9
Location
Avenida de América is located in Madrid
Avenida de América
Avenida de América
Location within Madrid

Avenida de América (Avenue of the Americas) is a multimodal station in Madrid, Spain that services Madrid Metro Line 4, Line 6, Line 7, and Line 9, as well as city buses and intercity and long-distance coaches. Between 1986 and 1996, it also served Line 8. The station is located below the intersections of Avenida de América and Francisco Silvela and Príncipe de Vergara streets. The station consists of several underground levels, with the bus terminal located in the upper three and the Metro station located in the lower four. It serves the neighborhood of Prosperidad and El Viso in Chamartín district and La Guindalera in Salamanca district. It is about 15 minutes from Madrid Barajas Airport and 10 minutes from the city centre of Madrid.[1]

History[edit]

Madrid Metro station[edit]

The station was inaugurated on 26 March 1973 when Line 4 was extended from Diego de León to Alfonso XIII. The metro station was built from the start to service four Metro lines, and each platform was opened to the public when the corresponding line went into service. The Line 4 platforms are the shallowest in the Metro station, located at the fourth level below the street and aligned with Francisco Silvela street.

On 17 March 1975, Line 7 was extended to Avenida de América.[2][3] The Line 7 platforms are the second shallowest in the Metro station, and are arranged in a Spanish solution layout with one central platform and two side platforms.

Four years later, on 10 October 1979, the Line 6 platforms entered service when the first stretch of Line 6 was inaugurated between Pacífico and Cuatro Caminos.[4] Like the Line 7 platforms, it features a central platform and side platforms.

Another four years later, on 30 December 1983, a segment of Line 9 known as Line 9B was built, connecting Avenida de América to Plaza de Castilla. This segment was not connected to the rest of Line 9 until 24 February 1986, when the stretch from Avenida de América to Sainz de Baranda was built. The Line 9 platforms are the deepest in the station.

On 23 December 1986, service on the old Line 8 began between Avenida de América and Nuevos Ministerios using the existing Line 7 tunnel, so that each line used one track. When Line 8 and Line 10 were merged in 1996, Line 8 service ended at Avenida de América, and in 1998 Line 7 resumed the use of both tracks.

In recent years, the Line 6 and Line 4 platforms have undergone renovations. The Line 7 platforms were temporarily closed during September 2006 in order to replace the catenaries.

Bus terminal[edit]

Exterior of the Avenida de América bus terminal

At the end of the 1990s, a three-level underground bus station was built above the metro station in the area previously used the Metro station vestibule. The station, which was the second underground bus station to be built in Madrid, was completed in 2000. It services city buses as well as interurban and long-distance coaches, and it houses stores and a parking garage.

Between 2009 and 2014, the second level of the bus station underwent renovations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stations". Travel in the Metro. Madrid Metro. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Nueva línea de Metro" [New Metro line]. ABC (in Spanish). 15 March 1975. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  3. ^ "La línea séptima del Metro ya enlaza Pueblo Nuevo con la Avenida de América" [Metro Line 7 now connects Pueblo Nuevo to Avenida de América]. ABC (in Spanish). 18 March 1975. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  4. ^ "El Rey inauguró la nueva línea de Metro entre Pacífico y Cuatro Caminos" [King inaugurates new Metro line between Pacífico and Cuatro Caminos]. El País (in Spanish). 11 October 1979. Retrieved 7 March 2014.