This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (April 2010)
|Former name(s)||Vía del Centenario|
|Length||28.8 km (17.9 mi)|
|Location||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Nearest metro station||See Metro|
|North end||Fed. 85D (Mexico-Pachuca Highway)|
|Monumento a la Raza|
Paseo de la Reforma
Glorieta de los Insurgentes
|South end||Fed. 95 (Mexico-Cuernavaca Highway)|
Avenida de los Insurgentes (English: Avenue of the Insurgents), sometimes known simply as Insurgentes, is the longest avenue in Mexico City, with a length of 28.8 km (17.9 mi) on a north-south axis across the city. Insurgentes has its origins in what was during the early 20th century known as the Via del Centenario which ran from city centre to the southern suburbs.
Many decades later, after it was paved and widened, its name was changed to Avenida de los Insurgentes, apparently happening during the administration of President Miguel Alemán, when the area attracted wealthy urbanites for sophisticated, modern housing. The avenue was named after the Insurgent Army (Ejército de los Insurgentes) that fought for Mexican independence from Spain during the Mexican War of Independence from 1810 to 1821.
The avenue's southern terminus is located near Volcán Ajusco in the intersection with the Viaducto Tlalpan avenue, where it becomes Highway 95 in direction to Cuernavaca. The northern terminus is located in the intersection with Avenida Acueducto where it becomes the highway to Pachuca.
The avenue crosses five of the 16 boroughs of the city. Many of Mexico City's emblematic colonias (such as Condesa, Roma, Del Valle, Napoles, San Ángel, Pedregal) are either crossed or on the side of Insurgentes. The Mexico City Metrobús bus rapid transit system, opened in 2005, runs along the avenue, from Tlalpan to Indios Verdes metro station.
From north to south:
- Monumento a La Raza
- Buenavista railway station
- Intersection with Paseo de la Reforma – Monument to Cuauhtémoc
- Insurgentes 300, a mid-century modern tower
- World Trade Center Mexico City – located next to the Polyforum Cultural Siqueiros. It is one of the tallest buildings in the city with 52 floors. It has its own conference center and shopping mall.
- Teatro de los Insurgentes – important theater built in 1953 by José María Dávila
- Torre Mural and Centro Insurgentes shopping mall
- San Ángel historic center
- Torre Murano
- Ciudad Universitaria (C.U.) –the main campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. The speed limit in this zone is 40 mph.
- Cuicuilco – the ancient village of the Cuicuilcas who used to live in what is today southern part of the city, just 1 km away from the campus. Xitle Volcano destroyed the city circa 1100BC. It remains the Imán pyramid.
Along with a myriad of skyscrapers, several shopping malls line the boulevard, including Perisur, Galerías Insurgentes, Centro Insurgentes, the one at World Trade Center Mexico City, and Forum Buenavista.
Mexico City Metrobús Line 1, inaugurated in 2005, runs on Avenida de los Insurgentes for 28.1 km, almost all of the avenue's length, from Indios Verdes to El Caminero.
- Metro stations
- Indios Verdes
- Deportivo 18 de Marzo
- La Raza
- Insurgentes Sur
- (in Spanish) Brief description of the avenue.