Avenida de los Insurgentes

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Avenida de los Insurgentes
Cruce de Paseo de la Reforma e Insurgentes, Reforma 222 y Punta Reforma.jpg
Junction of Insurgentes and Paseo de la Reforma
Former name(s)Vía del Centenario
Length28.8 km (17.9 mi)
LocationMexico City, Mexico
Nearest metro stationSee Metro
North end Fed. 85D (Mexico-Pachuca Highway)
Major
junctions
Monumento a la Raza
Paseo de la Reforma
Glorieta de los Insurgentes
Anillo Periférico
South end Fed. 95 (Mexico-Cuernavaca Highway)
Avenida de los Insurgentes and the Torre Insignia
Southern section of Avenida Insurgentes, taken from a bridge of the Periférico, near the Perisur Mall. Shows Metrobús station Perisur

Avenida de los Insurgentes (English: Avenue of the Insurgents), sometimes known simply as Insurgentes, is the longest avenue in Mexico City, with a length of 28.8 km (17.9 mi) on a north-south axis across the city. Insurgentes has its origins in what was during the early 20th century known as the Via del Centenario which ran from city centre to the southern suburbs.[1]

Many decades later, after it was paved and widened, its name was changed to Avenida de los Insurgentes, apparently happening during the administration of President Miguel Alemán, when the area attracted wealthy urbanites for sophisticated, modern housing. The avenue was named after the Insurgent Army (Ejército de los Insurgentes) that fought for Mexican independence from Spain during the Mexican War of Independence from 1810 to 1821.

The avenue's southern terminus is located near Volcán Ajusco in the intersection with the Viaducto Tlalpan avenue, where it becomes Highway 95 in direction to Cuernavaca. The northern terminus is located in the intersection with Avenida Acueducto where it becomes the highway to Pachuca.

The avenue crosses five of the 16 boroughs of the city. Many of Mexico City's emblematic colonias (such as Condesa, Roma, Del Valle, Napoles, San Ángel, Pedregal) are either crossed or on the side of Insurgentes. The Mexico City Metrobús bus rapid transit system, opened in 2005, runs along the avenue, from Tlalpan to Metro Indios Verdes.

Notable locations[edit]

From north to south:

Along with a myriad of skyscrapers, several shopping malls line the boulevard, including Perisur, Galerías Insurgentes, Centro Insurgentes, the one at World Trade Center Mexico City, Galerías Insurgentes, and Forum Buenavista.

Throughout its span, Insurgentes crosses several ejes viales as well as the Circuito Interior and Anillo Periférico highway rings twice.

Public transportation[edit]

Mexico City Metrobús Line 1, inaugurated in 2005, runs on Avenida de los Insurgentes for 28.1 km, almost all of the avenue's length, from Indios Verdes to El Caminero.

Metro[edit]

Several Mexico City Metro stations are also located on Avenida de los Insurgentes, most notably the Insurgentes station of Line 1, at the Glorieta de los Insurgentes.

Metro stations

References[edit]

  1. ^ Noble, John (2000). Lonely Planet Mexico City. Oakland CA: Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-86450-087-5.

External links[edit]