Averill, Vermont

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Averill, Vermont
Town
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Essex County and the state of Vermont.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Country United States
State Vermont
County Essex County
Government
 • Type Unincorporated town
Area
 • Total 38.1 sq mi (98.6 km2)
 • Land 36.0 sq mi (93.3 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Elevation 1,697 ft (517 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 24
 • Density 0.8/sq mi (0.3/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05901
FIPS code 50-009-02125
GNIS feature ID 1462029

Averill is an unincorporated town in Essex County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for Samuel Averill, a landholder.[1] The town was never formally incorporated, having never gained a large enough permanent population. The population was 24 at the 2010 census,[2] triple the population from the previous census in 2000. The town's affairs are handled by the Unified Towns & Gores of Essex County. It is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Averill was originally chartered in 1762 as part of the Province of New Hampshire on the behalf of Royal Governor Benning Wentworth. Averill consisted of twenty three thousand and forty acres of land, which was divided among seventy equal shares, with the stipulation that the grantees must cultivate a tenth of their land within five years, and that all pine trees fit for ship masts must be preserved for that purpose.[3] The first settlers arrived in the 1830s, and in 1840 the town had 11 residents. In the 1870s a sawmill was built in the neighboring town of Norton, which led to a rise in population to 48 residents in 1880.[4] The Averill Lumber Co. formed in the 1880s, and operated a mill on the east side of Great Averill Lake until it burned down in 1898.[5]

Geography[edit]

Averill is in northern Essex County, bordered by Canaan to the northeast, Lemington to the southeast, Bloomfield at the southernmost point, Lewis on the southwest, Averys Gore to the west, and Norton to the northwest. The northern corner of Averill is less than 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of the Canada–US border.

Vermont Route 114 crosses the northern tip of the town, leading east 8 miles (13 km) to Canaan village and west 5 miles (8 km) to Norton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.1 square miles (98.6 km2), of which 36.0 square miles (93.3 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.3 km2), or 5.40%, is water.[2] The town includes Great Averill Pond, Little Averill Pond, and Forest Lake. The highest point in the town is an unnamed 2,970-foot (910 m) summit along the border with Lemington in the southeast.

Government[edit]

Averill (along with the towns of Lewis and Ferdinand, as well as Avery's Gore, Warren's Gore, and Warner's Grant) does not have local governance. In 2000, a representative Board of Governors (three members) was elected to replace the former Essex County Supervisor system.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1
1840 11 1,000.0%
1850 7 −36.4%
1860 12 71.4%
1870 14 16.7%
1880 48 242.9%
1890 43 −10.4%
1900 18 −58.1%
1910 15 −16.7%
1920 4 −73.3%
1930 9 125.0%
1940 12 33.3%
1950 20 66.7%
1960 16 −20.0%
1970 8 −50.0%
1980 15 87.5%
1990 7 −53.3%
2000 8 14.3%
2010 24 200.0%
Est. 2014 23 [6] −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 8 people, 3 households, and 2 families residing in the town. The population density was 0.2 inhabitants per square mile (0.1/km2). There were 192 housing units at an average density of 5.3 per square mile (2.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.

There were 3 households out of which one had children under the age of 18 living with them, two were married couples living together, and one was a non-family. One household was made up of individuals who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the town, the population was spread out with two people under the age of 18, one from 18 to 24, two from 25 to 44, one from 45 to 64, and two people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. There were three males and five females, out of which two were under the age of 18.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $28,750. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $9,876. None of the population or families were below the poverty line.

Per capita, Averill was the poorest town in the Northeast Kingdom and the next to last in Vermont.[9]

Averill contains two lakes - Big Averill Lake and Little Averill Lake. Big Averill is a relatively large, rectangular lake about 3 miles long and 1 1/4 miles wide. One side of the lake (Cottage Road) is outfitted with electrical power, and the backside (Jackson Rd) is not wired for electricity. Little Averill lies 1,000 yards to the southwest of Big Averill. [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile for Averill, Vermont". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Averill town, Essex County, Vermont". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2016. 
  3. ^ Bouton, Nathaniel (1895). Provincial and State Papers, Volume 26. Concord. p. 16. 
  4. ^ Andrews, Lydia (1986). Three Towns: (Averill, Norton, Stanhope). p. 160. 
  5. ^ Andrews, Lydia (1986). Three Towns: (Averill, Norton, Stanhope). p. 161. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Vermont locations by per capita income
  10. ^ http://www.anr.state.vt.us/dec/geo/pdfdocs/Mills_1951_1.pdf

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°56′22″N 71°39′59″W / 44.93944°N 71.66639°W / 44.93944; -71.66639