Avian nephritis virus
|Avian nephritis virus|
|Group:||Group IV ((+)ssRNA)|
|Species:||Avian nephritis virus|
Causes: Infectious Stunting Syndrome — ISS — Baby Chick Nephritis — BCN.
Clinical signs of the disease are normally only seen in chicks less than two weeks old, and these signs should be mild unless the chick is immunosuppressed.
Clinical signs and diagnosis
A presumptive diagnosis may be based on clinical signs. For definitive diagnosis the virus or viral antigens must be demonstrated in the affected tissue(s). Diagnostic techniques used are virus neutralisation, ELISA, immunofluorescence and RT-PCR.
Treatment and control
There is currently no effective treatment for avian nephritis. Hygiene measures such as the use of an "all-in-all-out" policy and thorough disinfection of housing between batches should be employed to control disease. Adequate nutrition and a stress-free environment should decrease the amount of clinical disease seen in flocks.
- Avian Nephritis, reviewed and published by WikiVet at http://en.wikivet.net/Avian_Nephritis, accessed 16/08/2011.
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