Avicennia officinalis is a species of mangrove also known as Indian mangrove. The young tree forms a low, dense bushy crown. When it matures, it forms a columnar tree up to 15 m and may grow up to 30 m. The shiny green leaves, 10 cm long by 5 cm wide, have rounded apexes and golden-brown under leaf and grow in opposites. The flower, the largest among the Avicennia species has a diameter of 6 to 10 mm when expanded. It is orange yellow to lemon yellow in color. The bark is smooth, dirty green to dark gray in color. It is slightly fissured and does not flake. The fruit is green or brown, heart-shaped abruptly narrowed to a short beak is 2.5 cm long or more.
Avicennia officinalis is found sporadically on the banks of rivers and rarely found near the sea. It prefers clay soil and usually found inland. The plant can be found in Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
- Linnaei, Caroli; Salvii, Laurentii (1753). "Tetrandria Monogynia". Species plantarum: exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Tomus I. Stockholm: Impensis Laurentii Salvii. p. 110. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- Linnaeus, Carl (1775-11-05). "Avicennia officinalis L.". Linnean herbarium. Stockholm: Department of Phanerogamic Botany, Swedish Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
- "Index Nominum Genericorum -- Avicennia". International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2009-03-31.
Media related to Avicennia officinalis at Wikimedia Commons
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