Avicularia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the spider genus. For the bryozoan zooid form, see avicularium.
Avicularia
Avicularia versicolor 9 Fh.jpg
Female Avicularia versicolor
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Mygalomorphae
Family: Theraphosidae
Genus: Avicularia
Lamarck, 1818[1]
Species

See article

Diversity
54 species
Synonyms[1]

Ancylochiros Mello-Leitão, 1920
Avicuscodra Strand, 1908
Eurypelma C. L. Koch, 1850

Avicularia is a genus of the family Theraphosidae containing various species of tarantulas. The genus is native to tropical South America. Each species in the genus has very distinguishable pink foot pads.

One of the most notable features of the Avicularia species is its odd method of defense. When threatened, their first choice is to jump or run away as quickly as possible - occasionally, though, they will launch a jet of excrement at the perceived threat. Adults are capable of good accuracy and a range of 0.5–1 m (2 or 3 feet).

There is also a belief that they may be the reason behind rumors of "flying spiders" in the rainforests they are native to, as they are quite adept at jumping. Their legs, however, prevent them from gaining much height in making a jump.

Avicularia avicularia are among the tarantulas most commonly kept as pets.

Species[edit]

As of March 2016, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following species:[1]

Transferred to other genera

Avicularia annulipesEuoplos annulipes (Idiopidae)
Avicularia anthracinaGrammostola anthracina
Avicularia aureocepsBrachypelma aureoceps
Avicularia bistriataEphebopus murinus
Avicularia borelliGrammostola borelli
Avicularia brunnipesKochiana brunnipes
Avicularia canicepsAphonopelma caniceps
Avicularia conspersaRachias conspersus (Nemesiidae)
Avicularia cyaneopubescensChromatopelma cyaneopubescens
Avicularia deborrii (Becker, 1879)Tapinauchenius plumipes
Avicularia dubiaVitalius dubius
Avicularia duplexAphonopelma duplex
Avicularia embrithesBrachypelma embrithes
Avicularia emiliaBrachypelma emilia
Avicularia epicureanaBrachypelma epicureanum
Avicularia geotomaAphonopelma geotoma
Avicularia guyanaEupalaestrus guyanus
Avicularia hageniAphonopelma hageni
Avicularia helluoAphonopelma helluo
Avicularia hesperaAphonopelma hesperum
Avicularia imperatrixPlesiopelma imperatrix
Avicularia lanceolataAphonopelma lanceolatum
Avicularia latensAphonopelma latens
Avicularia magdalena (Karsch, 1879)Hapalopus formosus
Avicularia marxiAphonopelma marxi
Avicularia mendozaeGrammostola mendozae
Avicularia mesomelasMegaphobema mesomelas
Avicularia minax (Thorell, 1894)Grammostola doeringi
Avicularia muritelaria (Holmberg, 1876)Kukulcani ahibernalis [Hentz, 1842] {Filistatidae}
Avicularia myodesPlesiopelma myodes
Avicularia obscuraAmi obscura
Avicularia pallidaAphonopelma pallidum
Avicularia palmicola (Mello-Leitão, 1945)Iridopelma hirsutum
Avicularia panamensisSericopelma panamense
Avicularia parvaCatumiri parvum
Avicularia parviorLasiodora parvior
Avicularia pulchra (Mello-Leitão, 1933) and Avicularia recifiensis [Struchen & Brändle, 1996]Pachistopelma rufonigrum
Avicularia regina (Chamberlin, 1917)Homoeomma strabo
Avicularia rusticaAphonopelma rusticum
Avicularia sabulosaBrachypelma sabulosum
Avicularia saltator (Pocock, 1903)Eupalaestrus weijenberghi
Avicularia seemanniAphonopelma seemani
Avicularia seladoniaTyphochlaena seladonia
Avicularia serrataAphonopelma serratum
Avicularia smithiBrachypelma smithi
Avicularia spinicrusCitharacanthus spinicrus
Avicularia steindachneriAphonopelma steindachneri
Avicularia stoicaAphonopelma stoicum
Avicularia tamaulipecaClavopelma tamaulipeca
Avicularia tripeppiNhandu tripeppi
Avicularia truncataAphonopelma truncatum
Avicularia vagansBrachypelma vagans
Avicularia vellutinaVitalius vellutinus
Avicularia violaceaTapinauchenius violaceus
Avicularia wacketiVitalius wacketi
Avicularia zorodesIridopelma zorodes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gen. Avicularia Lamarck, 1818", World Spider Catalog (Natural History Museum Bern), retrieved 2016-03-25 

External links[edit]