Avigliano

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Avigliano
Comune di Avigliano
Panorama di Avigliano.jpg
Coat of arms of Avigliano
Coat of arms
Avigliano within the Province of Potenza
Avigliano within the Province of Potenza
Location of Avigliano
Avigliano is located in Italy
Avigliano
Avigliano
Location of Avigliano in Italy
Avigliano is located in Basilicata
Avigliano
Avigliano
Avigliano (Basilicata)
Coordinates: 40°43′53.08″N 15°42′59.72″E / 40.7314111°N 15.7165889°E / 40.7314111; 15.7165889Coordinates: 40°43′53.08″N 15°42′59.72″E / 40.7314111°N 15.7165889°E / 40.7314111; 15.7165889
CountryItaly
RegionBasilicata
ProvincePotenza (PZ)
FrazioniBadia, Bancone di Sopra, Bancone di Sotto, Bruciate di Sopra, Bruciate di Sotto, Bufolaria, Canarra, Canestrelle, Carpinelli, Cascia, Castel Lagopesole, Cerza Montanara, Chicone, Ciccolecchia, Contrada Cefalo, Frusci, Gallicchio, Gianturco di Sant'Angelo, Giardiniera Inferiore, Giardiniera Superiore, Lacciola, Lazzi e Spilli, Limitone, Masi, Masseria Bozzelli, Masseria Nardella, Mezzomiero, Miracolo, Moccaro, Montemarcone Alto, Montemarcone Basso, Pantani, Paoladoce, Patacca, Piano del Conte, Piano del Lago, Possidente, Riseca Don Ciccio, Salinas, Sant'Angelo, Sarachelle, Sarnelli, Sassano, Sceppi, Signore, Spinamara, Stagliuozzo, Stolfi, Torretta, Ualano, Valvano Corbo
Government
 • MayorVito Summa[1]
Area
 • Total84.93 km2 (32.79 sq mi)
Elevation
827 m (2,713 ft)
Population
 (30 April 2017)[5]
 • Total11,408
 • Density130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Aviglianesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
85021
Dialing code0971
Patron saintSt. Vitus
Saint day15 June
WebsiteOfficial website

Avigliano (Lucano: Avigliàne) is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the southern Italian region of Basilicata.

Basilica of Santa Maria del Carmine.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

The area surrounding Avigliano is considered mountainous with elevations varying between 550 and 1,239 metres (1,804 and 4,065 ft). Town's is at an elevation of 857 metres (2,812 ft).

Avigliano is surrounded by numerous peaks of various heights:

  • Mount Caruso, 1,239 meters (4064 feet)
  • Mount Carmine, 1,228 meters (4029 feet)
  • Mount Saint Angelo, 1,121 meters (3678 feet)
  • Montalto (High Mountain), 938 meters (3077 feet)
  • Mount Marcone, 857 meters (2812 feet)

The municipality is bounded by the comuni of Atella, Bella, Filiano, Forenza, Pietragalla, Potenza and Ruoti.[6]

Frazioni[edit]

View of Castel Lagopesole.

Castel Lagopesole[7] has a population of 652. It is home to a large castle, built by the Saracens. Later it was expanded by the Normans and was a hunter mansion for Frederick II of Hohenstaufen and a summer residence for the Angevin kings of Naples. During the brigand age of southern Italy, the castle was captured by Carmine Crocco (1861) and used as his base.

The other municipal frazioni are the villages and localities of Badia, Bancone di Sopra, Bancone di Sotto, Bruciate di Sopra, Bruciate di Sotto, Bufolaria (or Bufalaria), Canarra, Canestrelle, Carpinelli, Cascia, Cerza Montanara, Chicone, Ciccolecchia, Contrada Cefalo, Frusci, Gallicchio, Gianturco di Sant'Angelo, Giardiniera Inferiore, Giardiniera Superiore, Lacciola, Lazzi e Spilli, Limitone, Masi, Masseria Bozzelli, Masseria Nardella, Mezzomiero, Miracolo, Moccaro, Montemarcone Alto, Montemarcone Basso, Pantani, Paoladoce, Patacca, Piano del Conte, Piano del Lago, Possidente, Riseca Don Ciccio, Salinas, Sant'Angelo, Sarachelle, Sarnelli, Sassano, Sceppi, Signore, Spinamara, Stagliuozzo, Stolfi, Torretta, Ualano and Valvano Corbo.[3]

Climate[edit]

The mean annual temperature of Avigliano is 12 °C (54 °F). The mean temperature of January is 3.3 °C (37.9 °F), making January the coldest month annually. Conversely, July is the warmest month, with an average temperature of 21.4 °C (70.5 °F). The annual temperature ranges between −12 °C (10 °F) as an annual low to an annual high of 38 °C (100 °F).

The mean annual precipitation of Avigliano is 844 millimetres (33.2 in), with a record high of 1,192 millimetres (46.9 in) and low of 679 millimetres (26.7 in).[8]

History[edit]

The earliest archaeological and documented reports that confirm the existence of Avigliano go back to Medieval times, but there remain many elaborate theories over the origin of the city. One legend suggests that the center was founded in the 15th century by the Sabellians, who were attracted to the location.

Another legend derives from the origin of the name Avigliano from the Latin Avis locum, which is "place of the fowl", a name given to the area by a group of sailors from the East.[9]

Transport[edit]

The route Avigliano Città-Avigliano of Avigliano-Altamura railway counts the stations of Avigliano Città (in the town's centre), Moccaro (in the homonym hamlet) and Avigliano Lucania; this one located some km outside the town, at a junction point with Foggia-Potenza line. This route is also part of the Potenza Suburban Railway.[10][11][12] Two other villages, Possidente and Castel Lagopesole, have their railway station on Foggia-Potenza line.

People[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Italian) Mayor's page on Avigliano municipal website Archived 15 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b (in Italian) Avigliano on comuni-italiani.it
  4. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  5. ^ (in Italian) Source: Istat 2013
  6. ^ 40734 (x a j h) Avigliano on OpenStreetMap
  7. ^ (in Italian) Castel Lagopesole on Avigliano municipal website Archived 29 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Meteo table of Avigliano-Castel Lagopesole weather station Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ (in Italian) History of Avigliano on the municipal website Archived 18 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ (in Italian) Potenza Suburban Railway on Potenza municipal website
  11. ^ (in Italian) Article about "Metro Potenza" on Basilicata region website
  12. ^ See also: Map of Potenza Suburban Railway

External links[edit]