Avio Linee Italiane
Avio Linee Italiane (ALI) was an Italian independent airline owned by the Fiat Group, which operated between 1926 and 1952. It was ultimately acquired by Linee Aeree Italiane (LAI). ALI was the country's only pre-World War II airline not to be nationalized by the Italian Government.
Some sources indicate that ALI began operations in 1926. ALI began passenger service between Rome and Munich in May 1928 and extended service to Berlin in 1931. As of 1931, ALI had a fleet of seven aircraft Fokker F.VII. During the 1930s, ALI expanded service to other Italian cities, and beginning in 1938, it added at least one international route (Venice-Milan-Turin-Paris-London). As of 1939, ALI had a fleet of 16 aircraft, including one DC-2, nine Fiat G.18/G.18V, and six Savoia-Marchetti aircraft (possibly the S.73s).
In 1940, with the Italian entry into World War II, ALI was incorporated into the Regia Aeronautica (Royal Italian Air Force). At least one S.73 and four G.18 were lost in operational accidents during the war.
ALI was reconstituted in 1947, using the Fiat G.12. The airline reportedly ordered six G.212 in 1947, and, at some point, acquired at least one C-47. In 1949, ALI merged with two small post-war Italian independent airlines: Airone (also a Fiat G.12 operator) and Trans-Adriatica, to form Avio Linee Italiane-Flotte Reunite (ALI-FR), with a combined fleet of seven G.12/G.212s and a dozen C-47s. The combined airline had an extensive route structure, encompassing Barcelona, Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Prague, Vienna, Athens and Brussels.
The Aviation Safety Network reports four notable peacetime accidents:
On 4 May 1949, an ALI G.212CP, registration I-ELCE, on a charter flight carrying the Turin soccer team home from Lisbon, struck a church on approach to the Turin airport, killing four crew members and all 27 passengers.
On 6 December 1948, an ALI C-47, registration I-ETNA, crashed on takeoff from Milan-Linate airport, killing six crew members and one passenger.
On 1 July 1948, an ALI G.212PW, registration I-ELSA, crashed while attempting an emergency landing at Keerbergen Airfield, Belgium, killing four crew members and four passengers.
On 16 March 1940, an ALI S.73, registration I-SUTO, en route from Tripoli to Rome via Catania, crashed on the slopes of Mount Stromboli, killing five people.
- Davies 1964, p. 96.
- Davies 1964, p. 69, one F.VIIa and six F.VIIb 3m.
- Davies 1964, p. 96. A 1939 ALI timetable shows a photograph of an S.75, with a caption praising its high speed. However, a S.75 production list does not show an S.75 delivered to ALI. An S.75, I-BETA, listed as belonging to "Nucleo Comunicazioni Avio Linee," was lost in an operational accident in 1943, apparently belonged to LATI.
- Aviation Safety Network database, entries for ALI and Nucleo Communicazioni Avio Linee.
- Davies 1964, p. 292.
- Davies 1964, p. 292. Davies writes "seven G.12," but the airline had ordered six G.212s two years earlier, so it is probable that the fleet consisted largely of G.212s.
- "Avio Linee Italiane - ALI". Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- Davies, Ronald Edward George (1964). A history of the world's airlines. Oxford University Press.