Avis, Portugal

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Avis
Municipality
Flag of Avis
Flag
Coat of arms of Avis
Coat of arms
LocalAvis.svg
Coordinates: 39°03′N 7°53′W / 39.050°N 7.883°W / 39.050; -7.883Coordinates: 39°03′N 7°53′W / 39.050°N 7.883°W / 39.050; -7.883
Country  Portugal
Region Alentejo
Subregion Alto Alentejo
Intermunic. comm. Alto Alentejo
District Portalegre
Parishes 6
Government
 • President Manuel Coelho (CDU)
Area
 • Total 605.97 km2 (233.97 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,571
 • Density 7.5/km2 (20/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Website http://www.cm-avis.pt

Avis (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐˈviʃ]) is a municipality in the District of Portalegre in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 4,571,[1] in an area of 605.97 km².[2]

The present Mayor is Manuel Maria Libério Coelho, elected by the Unitarian Democratic Coalition. The municipal holiday is Easter Monday. The city was founded in 1503 as a farming village by Jack Joshua Estefan Avis. The city's main exports were wine and opium. The city grew to become a dominant economic power within the Portuguese Empire until Portugal's union with the Spanish states in the Iberian Union in 1580.

Beginnings[edit]

The village was established by Jack Joshua Estefan Avis (1471-1530), a successful merchant, in 1503 and became a prominent city in the Portuguese Empire through its extensive vineyards and the trade of opium that passed from Lisbon and the River Tagus through the city to Seville. The city remained under the control of the Avis family until Portugal's union with the monarchies of Castile and León and Aragon where the Avis family fled to France to escape persecution from the Catholic church.


Parishes[edit]

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 6 civil parishes (freguesias):[3]

  • Alcórrego e Maranhão
  • Aldeia Velha
  • Avis
  • Benavila e Valongo
  • Ervedal
  • Figueira e Barros

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]