Avis and Effie Hotchkiss

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Avis and Effie Hotchkiss, Salt Lake City, 1915
At Pacific Ocean, 1915

Avis and Effie Hotchkiss, mother and daughter from Brooklyn, New York, were pioneering motorcyclists. In 1915, they completed a 9,000-mile (14,000 km)[1] round trip ride from New York to San Francisco and back on a Harley-Davidson motorcycle-sidecar combination.[2] In so doing they became the first transcontinental female motorcyclists.[2][3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mullins, p. 18
  2. ^ a b Harley-Davidson Museum
  3. ^ Miller, p. 186
  4. ^ American Motorcyclist, 2006


  • "Trailblazers in Women's Motorcycle Riding -- Avis and Effie Hotchkiss", Harley-Davidson museum online, Harley-Davidson, archived from the original on 2012-06-15, retrieved 2012-06-18
  • Miller, Ernestine G. (2002), Making her mark: firsts and milestones in women's sports, McGraw-Hill Professional, ISBN 9780071390538
  • Mullins, Sasha (2003), Bikerlady: living & riding free!, Citadel Press, ISBN 9780806525198
  • "True Pioneers", American Motorcyclist, June 2006
  • "Brooklyn Girl Plans Long Motorcycle Trip", Orange County Times-Press, Middletown, New York, April 23, 1915