Avital Ronell

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Avital Ronell
Avital Ronell egs.jpg
Born (1952-04-15) 15 April 1952 (age 66)
Prague, Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic)
Alma materRutgers Preparatory School
Middlebury College
Princeton University
Era20th-/21st-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy, critical theory, deconstruction, existentialism, hermeneutics, post-structuralism
Main interests
Addiction,[1] deficiency,[2] dictation,[3] disappearance of authority,[4] disease,[5] drugs,[1] excessive force,[6] ethics,[6] legal subjects,[6] rumor,[7] stupidity,[8] technology,[9] telephony,[9] tests,[10] trauma,[10] war[11]
Notable ideas
Allotechnology, "Being-on-drugs," biophony, killer texts, narcoanalysis, supreme-suppression, applied censorship, narcossism, obliterature, toxicogeography
Part of a series of articles on
Psychoanalysis
Freud's couch, London, 2004 (2).jpeg

Avital Ronell (/ˈɑːvɪtəl rˈnɛl/; born 15 April 1952) is an American academic who writes about continental philosophy, literary studies, psychoanalysis, feminist philosophy, political philosophy, and ethics.[12] She is a professor in the humanities and in the departments of Germanic languages and literature and comparative literature at New York University, where she co-directs the trauma and violence transdisciplinary studies program.[13] As Jacques Derrida Professor of Philosophy, she teaches at the European Graduate School in Saas-Fee.[12] She has written about such topics as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Alexander Graham Bell and the telephone; the structure of the test in legal, pharmaceutical, artistic, scientific, Zen, and historical domains; stupidity; the disappearance of authority; childhood; and deficiency. Ronell is a founding editor of the journal Qui Parle[14] and a member of Jewish Voice for Peace.[15]

An 11-month investigation at New York University determined that Ronell sexually harassed a graduate student, and the university suspended her without pay for the 2018–2019 academic year.[16]

Biography[edit]

Avital Ronell was born in Prague to Israeli diplomats and was a performance artist before entering academia.[17] She emigrated to New York in 1956. She attended Rutgers Preparatory School and graduated in 1970.[18] As a young immigrant, Ronell later stated, she frequently encountered xenophobia and anti-Semitism.[19] She earned a Bachelor of Arts from Middlebury College, and subsequently studied with Jacob Taubes and Hans-Georg Gadamer at the Hermeneutic Institute at the Free University of Berlin. She received her doctorate of philosophy in German studies at Princeton University in 1979, where her advisor was Stanley Corngold and her dissertation concerned self-reflection in Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Hölderlin, and Franz Kafka.[19] When she met Jacques Derrida at a symposium and he asked her name, she introduced herself as "Metaphysics", and he later wrote that he "found this little game rather clever."[20][21] She subsequently studied with Derrida and Hélène Cixous in Paris. She went on to help introduce Derrida to American audiences by translating his essay on Kafka's "Before the Law", his essay on the law of gender/genre, his lectures on Nietzsche's relation to biography, and a number of other works.[22] Ronell became a close friend of poet and novelist Pierre Alféri, who later influenced Ronell in the titling of several of her major works.[23]

A professor at the University of Virginia for a short time period, Ronell claims she was fired because she taught continental philosophy and "went to the gym on a regular basis: [her] colleagues were shocked by this—it didn't correspond to their image of an academic woman!"[24] She joined the comparative literature faculty at the University of California, Riverside and then at University of California, Berkeley where she taught with Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, Jean-Luc Nancy and Judith Butler.[25] She was a close friend of the writer Kathy Acker and identified with Acker's fiction, saying they were "destined to each other."[26] In 1996, she moved to New York University, where she co-taught a course with Jacques Derrida until 2004.

In 2009, the Centre Pompidou invited Ronell to hold an interview series with such artists and thinkers as Werner Herzog, Judith Butler, Dennis Cooper, Jean-Luc Nancy, and Suzanne Doppelt.[27] Also in 2009, she began co-teaching courses with Slavoj Žižek. In 2010, François Noudelmann also co-taught with her, and co-curated the Walls and Bridges program with her in 2011.[28]

Ronell served as Chair to the Division of Philosophy and Literature and to the Division of Comparative Literature at the Modern Language Association from 1993 to 1996,[29] and gave a keynote address at the annual meeting of the American Comparative Literature Association in 2012.[30]

Overview of works[edit]

Ronell argues for the necessity of the unintelligible.[31] In an account of the 1992 Rodney King beating, which Bruce Hainley reviewed in Artforum in 1994 as "the most illuminating essay on TV and video ever written",[32] Ronell argued that the idiom of the "perfectly clear" recurrently serves as a code for the white lie.[33] Instead of referring to herself as the author of a text, she has sometimes described herself as a "signatory," "operator," or even "television."[34] She sometimes focuses on thinkers who clean up after other thinkers, arguing that what she calls "sanitation departments" sometimes undermine the work they are tidying up after.[35]

In 1983, she wrote one of the first critical inquiries to theorize the AIDS crisis.[citation needed]

Dictations: On Haunted Writing (1986)[edit]

Ronell investigates one of Goethe's most influential works, Conversations with Eckermann, which he did not write but instead dictated to a young schizoid companion, Johannes Peter Eckermann. Heralded by Nietzsche as "the best German book," Conversations with Eckermann contains Goethe's last thoughts about art, poetry, politics, religion, and the fate of German literature and philosophy. Ronell reads Conversations with Eckermann as a return from beyond the grave of the great master of German literature and science.

Ronell starts by exploring Goethe's focus on "a certain domain of immateriality—the nonsubstantializable apparitions ... [of] weather forecasting ... ghosts, dreams, and some forms of hidden, telepathic transmissions."[3] Ronell renames the Goethe-effect what she calls "killer texts"[clarification needed] and describes the effect as the textual machination destructive of values, of the "worthier (Werther, from The Sorrows of Young Werther)." The first part opens on Freud's debt to Goethe and reprints the frontispiece of The Psychopathology of Everyday Life. Ronell names Goethe the "secret councilor (Geheimrat)" of Freud and already anticipates her work on the Rat Man in the third footnote where she alludes to the "suppository logic, inserting the vital element into the narrative of the other."[36] In the first section Ronell aims to "attune [her] ears to the telepathic orders that Goethe's phantom transmitted to Freud by a remote control system.[37]

In general, Dictations: On Haunted Writing traces the closure without end of influence's computation.[clarification needed][38] Ronell's task entails a reading practice where the analysis of a text must investigate the endless movement towards closure in dictation. Ronell thus practices what is called anasemic reading, a practice developed by Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok, in which the psychoanalyst traces the textual metaphors, rhetorical structures, and linguistic associations of a writer/patient.

"Part Two" presents a case of literary parasitism between Eckermann and Goethe, and opens at the scene of Goethe's table in Weimar "the eleventh of September 1828, at two o'clock."[39] In other words, Ronell re-imagines the scene that Eckermann illustrates at the beginning and ending of Conversations with Eckermann. Ronell starts to address the fiction of the writer as a particularly admirable human being and argues for the necessary passivity of the writer as a human being. Ronell also troubles the notion of a body of work as a totality.[40] Ronell remaps earlier arguments about feminine appropriation in terms of writing, for Eckermann, which "involves recuperating something 'for myself,' for the most part instinctively; it entails repetitive acts of appropriation."[41]

Dictations: On Haunted Writing explores how the work of writing in general adheres to a call dictated from elsewhere, a call formative of desire.

The Telephone Book: Technology—Schizophrenia—Electric Speech (1989)[edit]

Ronell questions the operations that such ordinary objects as the telephone and book dictate. She signs the text as the operator of the switchboard alongside Richard Eckersley, operator of design, and Michael Jensen, operator of compositor. Eckersley's design departs from his "typographic subtlety and restraint" towards a computer design, marked by new page-making software programs to interpret the text typographically.[42] Eckersley dislodges the text from presumed conventional settings and shifts the focus of reading with inexplicable gaps, displacements between sentences and paragraphs, mirror imaging of pages facing one another, words blurred to the point of indecipherability, and a regular exaggeration of negative line spacing, spilling sentences over into each other. Pushing the limits of an ordinary "Table of Contents" or "Footnotes," the operators set up a "Directory Assistance," in which chapters appear as reference indexes, and a yellow pages entitled "Classified," in which footnotes appear as soliciting advertisements.

Following "A User's Manual," the text begins as if the reader answers a call: "And yet, you're saying yes, almost automatically, suddenly, sometimes irreversibly."[43] Ronell makes clear that The Telephone Book is a philosophical project on questions concerning the telephone, the call, and the answering machines: "always incomplete, always unreachable, forever promising at once its essence and its existence, philosophy identifies itself finally with this promise, which is to say, with its own unreachability."[44]

Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania (1992)[edit]

Ronell takes as her point of departure Nietzsche's articulation that, as long as culture has existed, it has supported and inspired addiction.[45] Often untimely, she develops an argument investigative of the destructive desires that coincide with the war on drugs and with the very addiction to drugs which the war claims to want to vanquish. The result is a text whose performance disturbs simple comprehension and frustrates any reading that wishes to tackle drugs on one side or another of a binary opposition.[46] Ronell appeals to literature as the most advanced testimony to the culture of addiction and closely reads Madame Bovary.

Prior to the title page, Ronell showcases quotes from Martin Heidegger, Gustave Flaubert and Samuel Beckett. The text opens with a series of sixteen "hits" informative of both the structure of doing drugs and of the structure of cultural transmission. The "hits" serve as a series of references which survey the literary and philosophical landscape as relates to drugs. "Toward a Narcoanalysis" consolidates the text's itinerary to an account of the sort of analysis Ronell begins to explore by appealing to Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary. "EB on Ice" performs a first-person account where Ronell complicates the certitude with which the reader can identify the first-person narrator as herself, as EB, or being on ice as being in the refrigerator, as being on methamphetamine. "Shame" highlights something like the downsizing of interpretation as it only occupies eight pages and draws the reader's attention to the possibility that the text experiments with the potential indifference between drugs and texts. "Scoring Literature" makes up the largest portion of the text and includes nineteen subsections along with a "Doctor's Report" of E. Bovary. "Cold Turkey: or, The Transcendental Aesthetic to be Eaten" is formatted as three installations, three nano-installations, and two nano-intervals of a theatrical play where Ronell convokes Ernst Jünger, Martin Heidegger, Jacques Derrida, Marguerite Faust, Marguerite Duras, Freud, Irma, Voice Off, Nietzsche, Saint Theresa, Emma B, Walter Benjamin, chorus, priest, and delusions of a non-addict.

Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium (1994)[edit]

Research assistant and friend, Shireen R.K. Patell, helped bring Finitude's Score to fruition.[2] Finitude's Score collects a series of reflections on the fragile memory left at the close of the millennium. It looks into the projects responsible for devastating humanity and a thinking of the future.[47] Ronell asks why the twentieth century stakes so much on a diction of deficiency. For Ronell, it says that, "we have been depleted."[47] Ronell traces the relegitimization of war, the philosophical status of the rumor, the questionable force of the police, the test sites of technology, the corporeal policies of disease and a thoroughgoing reconstitution of the subject of law. In sum, Finitude's Score reads the desire to finish once and for all, to be done with issues definitively, as the everlasting legacy of the Western logos.[2]

Stupidity (2002)[edit]

Ronell breaks down stupidity. In particular, she unfolds the complex problematic of stupidity as something that baffles knowledge in general, and therefore as something that especially baffles knowledge about itself. Among other considerations, Ronell finds that stupidity often takes the form of mastery and intelligence's doubles. She further goes to show that stupidity does not acquire the status of concept. It only reaches the level of quasi-concept.

The Test Drive (2005)[edit]

Inflected in the title and throughout the work is the concept of the Freudian drive as it inheres in the test. At the limit of the test as that which grounds scientific knowledge, Ronell questions the distinction between the literary and human sciences as this distinction depends upon the constitutive limits of fiction and witnessing. Her work thus questions the structure of the test as it functions to legitimate everything from research to love and trauma.

Reception[edit]

Ronell's work has received both praise and criticism. In 1994, the journal Diacritics published a special edition "On the Work of Avital Ronell",[48] in which Jonathan Culler wrote: "Over the past decade, Ronell has put together what must be one of the most remarkable critical oeuvres of our era ... Zeugmatically yoking the slang of pop culture with philosophical analysis, forcing the confrontation of high literature and technology or drug culture, Avital Ronell produces sentences that startle, irritate, illuminate. At once hilarious and refractory, her books are like no others."[49] Judith Butler has said she feels deeply indebted to Ronell's influence on her work[50] and wrote in an edited collection Reading Ronell: "The different path that Ronell takes is precisely the path of difference: gay, difficult, affirmative, ironic."[51] The collection’s editor Diane Davis highlighted the "singular provocation of Ronell's 'remarkable critical oeuvre,'" "the devastating insights, the unprecedented writing style, the relentless destabilizations."[52] In the sixth session of The Beast and the Sovereign on February 6 of 2002, Jacques Derrida devoted special attention to Ronell's Stupidity and commends the untranslatable complexity of her "irony."[53]

By contrast, in a 1990 review of The Telephone Book for the New York Times Book Review, novelist Robert Coover appreciated the "visual pyrotechnics" of the book's typography but found "the argument… to be that of a fairly conventional academic paper, recognizably party-lined with fashionable Continental voices like Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida," and found the connection that Ronell tried to establish between Heidegger, schizophrenia, and the telephone "weak."[54] In a 2002 review of Stupidity for the Times Literary Supplement, philosopher Jonathan Rée said Ronell's "prose reads like a plodding translation of a French version of Heidegger, but there is hardly a sentence that does not try to stop the show to receive an ovation for its cleverness."[55] Similarly, Bernd Hüppauf, former chair of the German department at NYU who hired Ronell but was later replaced by her, has described her work as "translating incomprehensibility into pseudo-profundity."[56]

Suspension for sexual harassment and pending investigation on retaliation[edit]

In September 2017, a student, later identified as her male former graduate student Nimrod Reitman, filed a complaint in New York University’s Title IX office, accusing Ronell of sexual harassment, sexual assault, stalking, and retaliation over the span of three years as her advisee.[57] In May 2018, the university found Ronell responsible for sexual harassment and suspended her for the 2018–19 academic year. Ronell has not admitted any of the claims made in Reitman's complaint.[57] On August 16, 2018, Reitman filed a lawsuit against Ronell and the university, alleging sexual harassment, sexual assault, and stalking.[58]

NYU is continuing to investigate an allegation of retaliation,[57] following a letter to the university in defense of Ronell from major figures in the areas of feminism, philosophy, literature and history, including Judith Butler, Slavoj Žižek, Joan Scott and Jean-Luc Nancy, dated May 11, 2018.[59][60] A leaked draft of the letter has been criticized for suggesting that Ronell should be excused on the basis of the significance of her academic contributions and for imputing a "malicious intention" to Reitman.[57][61][59] Butler later regretted some wording of the letter.[62]

Selected honors and awards[edit]

  • 1995–1996: University of California President's Fellowship[29]
  • 1993: Research Fellow Award[29]
  • 1991: American Cultures Fellowship[29]
  • 1981–1983: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Fellowship[29]

Publications (selected)[edit]

Books[edit]

  • (2012) Loser Sons: Politics and Authority (ISBN 0-252-03664-6)
  • (2010) Fighting Theory: In Conversation with Anne Dufourmantelle (ISBN 0-252-07623-0) trans. by Catherine Porter from French
  • (2010) Lignes de Front (ISBN 2-234-06404-X) trans. from English by Daniel Loayza
  • (2008) The ÜberReader: Selected Works of Avital Ronell (ISBN 0-252-07311-8) (ed. Diane Davis)
  • (2007) Life Extreme: An Illustrated Guide to New Life (ISBN 2-914563-34-5) co-authored by Eduardo Kac
  • (2006) American philo: Entretiens avec Anne Dufourmantelle (ISBN 2-234-05840-6)
  • (2005) The Test Drive (ISBN 0-252-02950-X)
  • (2002) Stupidity (ISBN 0-252-07127-1)
  • (1994) Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium (ISBN 0-8032-8949-9)
  • (1992) Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania (ISBN 0-252-07190-5)
  • (1989) The Telephone Book: Technology — Schizophrenia — Electric Speech (ISBN 0-8032-8938-3)
  • (1986) Dictations: On Haunted Writing (ISBN 0-8032-8945-6)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Avital Ronell, Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania, (University of Nebraska Press, 1992) ISBN 978-0-8032-8944-4[page needed]
  2. ^ a b c Avital Ronell, "Preface," in Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, (University of Illinois Press, 1994) p. xiv, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9
  3. ^ a b Avital Ronell, "Introduction" in Dictations: On Haunted Writing, University of Illinois Press, pg. xxii, ISBN 0-252-07349-5
  4. ^ Avital Ronell, "Introduction" in Loser Sons: Politics and Authority, University of Illinois Press, pg. xxii, ISBN 0-252-03664-6
  5. ^ Avital Ronell, "Queens of the Night," Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, University of Illinois Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9[page needed]
  6. ^ a b c Avital Ronell, "TraumaTV," Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, University of Illinois Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9[page needed]
  7. ^ Avital Ronell, "Street Talk," Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, University of Illinois Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9[page needed]
  8. ^ Avital Ronell, Stupidity, University of Illinois Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-252-07127-0[page needed]
  9. ^ a b Avital Ronell, The Telephone Book: Technology, Schizophrenia, Electric Speech, (University of Nebraska Press, 1989)
  10. ^ a b Avital Ronell, The Test Drive, (University of Illinois Press, 2005) ISBN 978-0-252-07535-3[page needed]
  11. ^ Avital Ronell, "Support Our Tropes," Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, University of Illinois Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9[page needed]
  12. ^ a b "Avital Ronell - Professor of Philosophy - Biography". Web.archive.org. 24 July 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Department of Comparative Literature". complit.as.nyu.edu. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Qui Parle » About Us". Web.archive.org. 6 July 2012. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Israeli Artists Condemn Settlements". Jewishvoiceforpeace.org. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  16. ^ Gessen, Masha (August 25, 2018). "An N.Y.U. Sexual-Harassment Case Has Spurred a Necessary Conversation About #MeToo". The New Yorker. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  17. ^ Andrea Juno, "Avital Ronell," in Re/Search: Angry Women 13, (Re/Search Publications, 1991), pp. 127, ISBN 1-890451-05-3
  18. ^ Avital Ronell, The ÜberReader: Selected Works of Avital Ronell, pg. 10–11, University of Illinois Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-252-07311-3
  19. ^ a b Avital Ronell, Fighting Theory: Avital Ronell in Conversation with Anne Dufourmantelle, pg. ix, translated by Catherine Porter, University of Illinois Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-252-07623-7
  20. ^ Benoît Peeters, Derrida: A Biography, pg. 308, translated by Andrew Brown, Polity Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0-7456-5615-1
  21. ^ Jacques Derrida, "Envois," The Post Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond, pg. 196, University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-14322-8
  22. ^ Amazon.com: The Ear of the Other: Otobiography, Transference, Translation: Books: Jacques Derrida, Christie McDonald, Peggy Kamuf, Avital Ronell[page needed]
  23. ^ Benoît Peeters, Derrida: A Biography, pg. 310, translated by Andrew Brown, Polity Press, 2013, ISBN 978-0-7456-5615-1
  24. ^ Avital Ronell, Fighting Theory: Avital Ronell in Conversation with Anne Dufourmantelle, pg. 28–9, translated by Catherine Porter, University of Illinois Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-252-07623-7
  25. ^ Avital Ronell, "The Rhetoric of Testing" in Stupidity (University of Illinois Press, 2002), pp. 120
  26. ^ Avital Ronell, Kathy Goes to Hell, pg.14, University of Illinois Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-252-07623-7
  27. ^ "Selon... Avital Ronell". Centrepompidou.fr. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  28. ^ "Walls and Bridges : Season 4 : Ideas & Performances" (PDF). Villagillet.net. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  29. ^ a b c d e "Department of German". german.as.nyu.edu. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  30. ^ "ACLA 2012 » Plenary Sessions". Web.archive.org. 19 November 2011. Archived from the original on 19 November 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
  31. ^ Video on YouTube
  32. ^ Hainley, Bruce (November 1, 1994). "Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millenium". Artforum International. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  33. ^ Avital Ronell, "TraumaTV," Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, pg. 307, University of Illinois Press, 1994, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9
  34. ^ Video on YouTube
  35. ^ Avital Ronell, "The Worst Neighborhoods of the Real: Philosophy - Telephone - Contamination," in Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium (University of Illinois Press, 1994), pp. 221, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9
  36. ^ Avital Ronell, "Notes" in Dictations: On Haunted Writing, University of Illinois Press, pg. 194, ISBN 0-252-07349-5
  37. ^ Avital Ronell, "Part One" in Dictations: On Haunted Writing, University of Illinois Press, pg. 5, ISBN 0-252-07349-5
  38. ^ Liliane Weissberg, "Avital Ronell, 'Dictations: On Haunted Writing' (Book Reivew)," Germanic Review, 64:3 (1989:Summper), pg.136
  39. ^ Avital Ronell, "The Pas de Deus or Was is Goethe," in Dictations: On Haunted Writing (University of Illinois Press, 1986), pp. 71
  40. ^ Avital Ronell, "The Pas de Deus or Was is Goethe," in Dictations: On Haunted Writing (University of Illinois Press, 1986), pp. 80
  41. ^ Avital Ronell, "The Pas de Deus or Was is Goethe," in Dictations: On Haunted Writing (University of Illinois Press, 1986), pp. 81
  42. ^ Don Mills, "Deconstructed the conventions of graphic design: Obituary of Richard Eckersley," National Post, 21 April 2006: PM.11, [Toronto Edition]
  43. ^ Avital Ronell, "Delay Call Forwarding" in The Telephone Book: Technology, Schizophrenia, Electric Speech (University of Nebraska Press, 1989), pp. 2, ISBN 0-8032-8938-3
  44. ^ Avital Ronell, "Delay Call Forwarding" in The Telephone Book: Technology, Schizophrenia, Electric Speech (University of Nebraska Press, 1989), pp. 3, ISBN 0-8032-8938-3
  45. ^ Avital Ronell, "Hits," in Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania, (University of Nebraska Press, 1992) pp. 3 ISBN 978-0-8032-8944-4
  46. ^ Avital Ronell, "Toward a Narcoanalysis," in Crack Wars: Literature, Addiction, Mania, (University of Nebraska Press, 1992) pp. 50 ISBN 978-0-8032-8944-4
  47. ^ a b Avital Ronell, "Preface," in Finitude's Score: Essays for the End of the Millennium, (University of Illinois Press, 1994) pp. ix, ISBN 0-8032-8949-9
  48. ^ "Special Section: On the Work of Avital Ronell". diacritics. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 24 (4). Winter 1994. JSTOR i219995.
  49. ^ Culler, Jonathan (Winter 1994). "On the Work of Avital Ronell". diacritics. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 24 (4): 2–3. JSTOR 465354.
  50. ^ "The 11th Annual Oscar Sternbach Awards and Lecture: Judith Butler on Ideologies of the Superego". University Events. The New School. Archived from the original on 20 Jan 2012.
  51. ^ Butler, Judith (2009). "Avital Ronell as Gay Scientist". In Davis, Diane. Reading Ronell. University of Illinois Press. p. 30. ISBN 978-0-252-07647-3.
  52. ^ Davis, Diane (2009). "Introduction". In Davis, Diane. Reading Ronell. University of Illinois Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-252-07647-3.
  53. ^ Derrida, Jacques (2009). The Beast and the Sovereign. Translated by Bennington, Geoffery. University of Chicago Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-226-14428-3.
  54. ^ Coover, Robert (June 3, 1990). "Reach Out and Disturb Someone". New York Times Book Review. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  55. ^ Ree, Jonathan (March 22, 2002). "It's the philosophy, stupid". Times Literary Supplement. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  56. ^ Hüppauf, Bernd (8 September 2018). "A witch hunt or a quest for justice: An insider's perspective on disgraced academic Avital Ronell". Salon. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  57. ^ a b c d Greenberg, Zoe (August 13, 2018). "What Happens to #MeToo When a Feminist Is the Accused?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  58. ^ Mangan, Katherine (August 16, 2018). "Battle Over Alleged Harassment Escalates as Former Graduate Student Sues Professor and NYU". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  59. ^ a b Goldhill, Olivia (June 12, 2018). "Feminist scholars argue a Title IX case is unfair—when a woman is under investigation". Quartz.
  60. ^ Gluckman, Nell (June 12, 2018). "How a Letter Defending Avital Ronell Sparked Confusion and Condemnation". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  61. ^ Harris, Adam; Wong, Alia (August 15, 2018). "When Academics Defend Colleagues Accused of Harassment". The Atlantic.
  62. ^ Mangan, Katherine (August 15, 2018). "New Disclosures About an NYU Professor Reignite a War Over Gender and Harassment". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved August 17, 2018. We ought not to have attributed motives to the complainant, even though some signatories had strong views on this matter," Butler wrote. "And we should not have used language that implied that Ronell’s status and reputation earn her differential treatment of any kind.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ed. Jonathan Culler, Vol. 24, No. 4, "Special Section: On the Work of Avital Ronell," (Winter 1994), The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Diane Davis, "'Addicted to Love'; Or, Toward an Inessential Solidarity" in JAC 19, No. 4 (Fall 1999)
  • Ed. Diane Davis, Reading Ronell, Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2009 : ISBN 978-0-252-07647-3
  • Ed. Diane Davis, The ÜberReader: Selected Works of Avital Ronell, Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2009 : ISBN 0-252-07311-8
  • Mina Cheon, Shamanism + Cyberspace, New York: Atropos Press, 2009 : ISBN 0-9825309-5-1

External links[edit]