Avondale, Arizona

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Avondale, Arizona
City
Entrance to the town of Avondale
Entrance to the town of Avondale
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Phoenix
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Phoenix
Avondale, Arizona is located in USA
Avondale, Arizona
Avondale, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°26′01″N 112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972Coordinates: 33°26′01″N 112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
 • Mayor Kenn Weise
Area
 • Total 45.1 sq mi (116.81 km2)
 • Land 45 sq mi (116.55 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 974 ft (297 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 76,238
 • Estimate (2014)[2] 79,646
 • Density 1,735.17/sq mi (669.94/km2)
Time zone MST (no daylight saving time) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85323, 85392
Area code(s) 623
FIPS code 04-04720
Website http://www.ci.avondale.az.us/

Avondale is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, adjacent to Phoenix, Arizona. According to the 2010 census, the population of the city is 76,238.[1]

Avondale, incorporated in 1946, experienced rapid residential and commercial growth in the years since 1980. Once primarily a sparsely populated farming community with many acres of alfalfa and cotton fields, Avondale has transformed into a major bedroom suburb for Phoenix. Several major residential subdivisions and shopping centers have recently been built on former farmland, many adjacent to Interstate 10.[citation needed]

Phoenix Children's Hospital opened a satellite facility (the Southwest Valley Urgent Care Center), at the corner of Avondale Boulevard and McDowell Road in the spring of 2013. Avondale's main arterial streets leading into the city of Phoenix, including Van Buren Street and McDowell Road, have been widened and modernized to a more "suburban" and less "rural" appearance and function.[when?][citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Avondale is located at 33°26′01″N 112°20′59″W / 33.43361°N 112.34972°W / 33.43361; -112.34972 (33.435322, -112.349758).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107 km2), of which, 41.3 square miles (107 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.15%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 2,505
1960 6,151 145.5%
1970 6,626 7.7%
1980 8,168 23.3%
1990 16,169 98.0%
2000 35,883 121.9%
2010 76,238 112.5%
Est. 2015 80,684 [4] 5.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2014 Estimate[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 35,883 people, 10,640 households, and 8,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.7 people per square mile (335.8/km²). There were 11,419 housing units at an average density of 276.8 per square mile (106.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.27% White, 5.20% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 24.32% from other races, and 3.89% from two or more races. 46.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,640 households out of which 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,153, and the median income for a family was $51,084. Males had a median income of $35,134 versus $27,487 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,919. About 10.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010 Avondale had a population of 78,256. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 50.3% Hispanic or Latino, 34.0% non-Hispanic white, 9.3% black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic of some other race and 4.5% reporting two or more races.[6]

Governmental representation[edit]

Avondale falls within Arizona’s 3rd Congressional District, served by Representative Raúl Grijalva and Arizona’s 19th State Legislative District, served by Representatives Mark A. Cardenas and Diego Espinoza and Senator Lupe Contreras, all Democrats.

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Avondale is served by the Littleton Elementary District, the Avondale Elementary District, and the Agua Fria Union High School District. Westview High School, La Joya Community High School, and Agua Fria High School are the high schools in the city.

Climate[edit]

This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Avondale has a Hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.[9]

Sports[edit]

The Phoenix International Raceway as viewed from the summit of Monument Hill

Avondale is home to Phoenix International Raceway. It holds two NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, two Xfinity Series and a Camping World Truck Series races annually.

The City of Avondale Parks and Recreation Department offers quality sports for both youth and adults.[10]

Avondale parks[edit]

  • Las Ligas

12421 W Lower Buckeye Road

  • Festival Fields

101 E. Lower Buckeye

  • Donnie Hale Park

10857 West Pima St.

  • Friendship Park / Dog Park

12325 West McDowell

  • Mountain view

201 E Mountain View Drive[11]

  • Sernas Plaza

521 E Western Ave

  • Fred Campbell

101 E Lawrence Blvd

  • Dennis DeConcini

351 E Western Ave

  • Dessie Lorenz

202 E Main St

  • Doc Rhodes Park

104 W Western Ave

Gallery[edit]

Historic Avondale
The initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan. Period of significance: 1850-1874.The surveying marker of the Gila and Salt River Meridan is located on Monument Hill. Ever since 1851, this has been the center point used by the state to measure the land in Arizona. The federal government recognized this point for measuring the boundary between the United States and Mexico after the Mexican-American War ended. The first survey conducted in 1867, involved the first 36 miles of Arizona. Up until 1874, this was the epicenter of all surveying in Arizona for property deeds. It was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 2002, reference #02001137. Monument Hill is located at 115th Ave. and Baseline Road in Avondale, Az.[12]
Historic Monument Hill. This is where the initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan is located. 
National Register of Historic Places marker on Monument Hill in Avondale Az where the initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan is located. 
Marker of the initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan on Monument Hill in Avondale. The following is engraved on the round marker: U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management. Initial Point of Establishment in 1865. Gila and Salt River Meridian, Arizona. Cadastral Survey. The rectangular marker states the following: Dedicated to all land owners in Arizona by the Arizona Professional Land Surveyors originally set by A. B. Gray in 1851
Different view of the initial point of the Gila and Salt River Meridan
Gila River as viewed from the summit of historic Monument Hill. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 18, 2014. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ 2010 census report for Avondale
  7. ^ "Tribute to Randall McDaniel". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Shelley Smith". National Football League. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2016. 
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Avondale, Arizona
  10. ^ http://www.avondale.org/sports
  11. ^ http://www.avondale.org/index.aspx?NID=1395
  12. ^ Did You Know: Monument Hill Is An Important Arizona Spot

External links[edit]