|Born||Teofilo Lucifero Gardini|
April 6, 1914
|Died||November 27, 1990|
|Resting place||Shotley Bridge, County Durham|
|Occupation||Writer, historian, poet and artist|
|Alma mater||The Sorbonne and the London School of Economics|
|Subject||The Roman Catholic Church, Economics, War, Genocide, History, Role of the Roman Catholic Church in European Imperialism, the Vietnam War, and the Persecution of Buddhists (and other religious groups) in Vietnam|
|Notable works||The Vatican in World Politics|
Baron Avro Manhattan (April 6, 1914 – November 27, 1990) was a writer, historian, poet and artist. An Italian-born aristocrat who wrote about various political topics throughout his career, Manhattan is perhaps best remembered as the author of several works discussing the Vatican's role in world politics and global affairs. Manhattan attended both the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics.
Life and career
Born in Milan, Italy, on April 6, 1914, to American and Swiss/Dutch parents of Jewish extraction, Manhattan was originally known as "Teofilo Lucifero Gardini" in his early days in Italy. Before his exile, Manhattan was known to spend his summers at the home of the artist, Paolo Troubetzkoy, in Verbania.
Manhattan, himself a painter, exhibited a number of his works at local Italian museums. The last of these exhibitions was at the Museo del Paesaggio, in Verbania, where two of his paintings remain to this day.
Manhattan was exiled to England from Italy during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. During World War II, he operated a radio station called "Radio Freedom" broadcasting to nations occupied by the Axis Powers. Manhattan officially changed residence to the United Kingdom in 1945 for "political reasons," but not until 1953 did Manhattan legally change his name, relinquishing the names "Teofilo Angelo Mario Gardini" and "Teophile Lucifer Gardini." At the time, he lived in Wimbledon, London.
In 1961, Manhattan met his future wife, Anne Manhattan née Cunningham Brown, in London, and two years later, they moved into a house on Henry Nelson Street in South Shields, North East England.
To The Beloved Memory of BARON AVRO MANHATTAN, K.T. P.H.d. Knight Commander of the Crown Of Savoy, Grand Cross of the Order Of Mercedes, Knight Commander of Justice...Malta, Commander Grand Cross of Bethlehem, Writer and historian, Poet and Artist. Departed This Life Nov. 27th 1990, Deeply Mourned and Sadly Missed By His Beloved Wife Anne, Friends and Readership – Worldwide. Also His Dear Wife BARONESS ANNE MANHATTAN Died 18th Jan 2008 Aged 86 Years.
The following is a list of Avro Manhattan's most notable books, ordered chronologically:
- The Rumbling of the Apocalypse (1934)
- Towards the New Italy (Preface by H.G. Wells, 1943)
- Latin America and the Vatican (1946)
- The Catholic Church Against the Twentieth Century (1947; 2nd ed. 1950)
- The Vatican in Asia (1948)
- Religion in Russia (1949)
- The Vatican in World Politics (1949)
- Catholic Imperialism and World Freedom (1952; 2nd ed. 1959)
- Terror Over Yugoslavia: The Threat to Europe (1953)
- The Dollar and the Vatican (1956)
- Vatican Imperialism in the Twentieth Century (1965)
- Catholic Terror Today (1969)
- Religious Terror in Ireland (1974)
- Catholic Power Today (1987)
- The Vatican-Moscow-Washington Alliance (1982)
- The Vatican Billions (1983)
- Vietnam... Why Did We Go? The Shocking Story of the Catholic "Church's" Role in Starting the Vietnam War (1984)
- Murder in the Vatican: American, Russian, and Papal Plots (1985)
- The Vatican’s Holocaust (1986)
- The Dollar and the Vatican (1988)
- Catholic Terror in Ireland (1988)
- "Baron and friend of Picasso spent years living in modest South Shields terraced house". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- "The Baron and South Shields". shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- "Filmmaker's breakthrough in piecing together South Shields Baron's story". shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved November 11, 2017.
- "Towards the New Italy. By T. L. Gardini, with a " 25 Feb 1944 " The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- "Notice is hereby given..." (PDF). The London Gazette. January 1, 1954. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "Dead baron was pal of Picasso and HG Wells". Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- "Anne Manhattan – South Tyneside Libraries". southtynesidehistory.co.uk. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Henderson, Tony (September 22, 2014). "Baron Avro Manhattan's South Shields past revealed from auction sale". nechronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2018.