Avro Manhattan

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Avro Manhattan

K.T. Ph.D.
BornTeofilo Lucifero Gardini
Apr. 6, 1914
Milan, Italy
DiedNov. 27, 1990
Resting placeShotley Bridge, County Durham
OccupationWriter, Historian, Poet and Artist
Alma materThe Sorbonne and the London School of Economics
SubjectThe Roman Catholic Church, Economics, War, Genocide, History, Role of the Roman Catholic Church in European Imperialism, the Vietnam War, and the Persecution of Buddhists (and other religious groups) in Vietnam
Notable worksThe Vatican in World Politics
SpouseAnne Manhattan

Baron Avro Manhattan (April 6, 1914– November 27, 1990)[1] was a polymath and writer, primarily known for his criticisms of the Roman Catholic Church. Having covered various political topics throughout his career, Manhattan is perhaps best remembered as the author of several works discussing the Vatican's role in world politics and global affairs. Manhattan attended both the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Born in Milan, Italy on April 6, 1914 to American and Swiss/Dutch parents of Jewish extraction, Manhattan was originally known as "Teofilo Lucifero Gardini" in his early days in Italy.[2] Before his exile, Manhattan was known to spend his summers at the home of the artist, Paolo Troubetzkoy, in Verbania.[2]

Manhattan, himself a painter, exhibited a number of his works at local Italian museums. The last of these exhibitions was at the Museo del Paesaggio, in Verbania, where two of his paintings remain to this day.[2][3]

Manhattan was exiled to England from Italy during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War.[4] During World War II, he operated a radio station called "Radio Freedom" broadcasting to nations occupied by the Axis Powers. Manhattan officially changed residence to the United Kingdom in 1945 for "political reasons," but not until 1953 did Manhattan legally change his name, relinquishing the names "Teofilo Angelo Mario Gardini" and "Teophile Lucifer Gardini."[5] At the time, he lived in Wimbledon, London.[5]

August 1950 photo of the South Marine Park in South Shields where Manhattan and his wife were known to enjoy walking.[6]

In 1961, Manhattan met his future wife, Anne Manhattan née Cunningham Brown[7] in London, and two years later, they moved into a house on Henry Nelson Street in South Shields, North East England.[8][6]

He is buried with his wife at Shotley Bridge in Benfieldside Cemetery, Consett, County Durham, England.[1][6] Their gravestone reads:[3]

To The Beloved Memory of BARON AVRO MANHATTAN, K.T. P.H.d. Knight Commander Of The Crown Of Savoy, Grand Cross Of The Order Of Mercedes, Knight Commander of Justice...Malta, Commander Grand Cross of Bethlehem, Writer and Historian, Poet and Artist. Departed This Life Nov. 27th 1990, Deeply Mourned and Sadly Missed By His Beloved Wife Anne, Friends and Readership - Worldwide. Also His Dear Wife BARONESS ANNE MANHATTAN Died 18th Jan 2008 Aged 86 Years.

His friends included H. G. Wells,[4][6] Pablo Picasso,[1][6] George Bernard Shaw, and scientist Marie Stopes.


Manhattan authored more than 20 books, including The Vatican in World Politics. It has been translated into most major languages, including Chinese, Russian and most recently, Korean. Some of his other popular works include The Vatican Billions, The Vatican's Holocaust, and The Vatican-Moscow-Washington Alliance.

The following is a list of Avro Manhattan's most notable works, ordered chronologically:

  • The Rumbling of the Apocalypse (1934)
  • Towards the New Italy (Preface by H.G. Wells) (1943)
  • Latin America and the Vatican (1946)
  • The Catholic Church Against the Twentieth Century (1947; 2nd edition 1950)
  • The Vatican in Asia (1948)
  • Religion in Russia (1949)
  • Vatican in World Politics (1949)
  • Catholic Imperialism and World Freedom (1952; 2nd edition 1959)
  • Terror Over Yugoslavia, the Threat to Europe (1953)
  • The Dollar and the Vatican (1956)
  • Vatican Imperialism in the Twentieth Century (1965)
  • The Vatican-Moscow-Washington Alliance (1982)
  • The Vatican Billions (1983)
  • Catholic Terror in Ireland (1988)
  • Vietnam... Why Did We Go? The Shocking Story of the Catholic "Church's" Role in Starting the Vietnam War (1984)
  • Murder in the Vatican, American Russian and Papal Plots (1985)
  • The Vatican’s Holocaust (1986)
  • The Dollar and the Vatican (1988)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Baron and friend of Picasso spent years living in modest South Shields terraced house". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "The Baron and South Shields". www.shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved 2017-11-10.
  3. ^ a b "Filmmaker's breakthrough in piecing together South Shields Baron's story". www.shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  4. ^ a b "Towards the New Italy. By T. L. Gardini, with a » 25 Feb 1944 » The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
  5. ^ a b "Notice is hereby given..." (PDF). The London Gazette. 1 January 1954. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Dead baron was pal of Picasso and HG Wells". Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  7. ^ "Anne Manhattan - South Tyneside Libraries". www.southtynesidehistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  8. ^ Henderson, Tony (2014-09-22). "Baron Avro Manhattan's South Shields past revealed from auction sale". nechronicle. Retrieved 2018-06-22.

External links[edit]