|Born||Teofilo Lucifero Gardini|
April 6, 1914
|Died||November 27, 1990(aged 76)|
|Resting place||Shotley Bridge, County Durham, England|
|Occupation||Writer, historian, poet and artist|
|Alma mater||The Sorbonne and the London School of Economics|
|Subject||The Roman Catholic Church, Economics, War, Genocide, History, Role of the Roman Catholic Church in European Imperialism, the Vietnam War, and the Persecution of Buddhists (and other religious groups) in Vietnam|
|Notable works||The Vatican in World Politics|
Baron Avro Manhattan (April 6, 1914 – November 27, 1990) was an Italian writer, historian, poet and artist. An born aristocrat who wrote about various political topics throughout his career, Manhattan is perhaps best remembered as the author of several works discussing the Vatican's role in world politics and global affairs. Manhattan attended both the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics.
Life and career
Born in Milan, Italy, on April 6, 1914, to American and Swiss/Dutch parents of Jewish extraction, Manhattan was originally known asTeofilo Lucifero Gardini in his early days in Italy. Before his exile, Manhattan was known to spend his summers at the home of the artist, Paolo Troubetzkoy, in Verbania.
Manhattan, himself a painter, exhibited a number of his works at local Italian museums. The last of these exhibitions was at the Museo del Paesaggio, in Verbania, where two of his paintings remain to this day.
Manhattan was exiled to England from Italy during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. During World War II, he operated a radio station called "Radio Freedom" broadcasting to nations occupied by the Axis Powers. Manhattan officially changed residence to the United Kingdom in 1945 for "political reasons," but not until 1953 did Manhattan legally change his name, relinquishing the names "Teofilo Angelo Mario Gardini" and "Teophile Lucifer Gardini." At the time, he lived in Wimbledon, London.
In 1961, Manhattan met his future wife, Anne Manhattan née Cunningham Brown, in London, and two years later, they moved into a house on Henry Nelson Street in South Shields, North East England.
He is buried with his wife at Shotley Bridge in Benfieldside Cemetery, Consett, County Durham, England. Their gravestone reads:
To The Beloved Memory of BARON AVRO MANHATTAN, K.T. P.H.d. Knight Commander of the Crown Of Savoy, Grand Cross of the Order Of Mercedes, Knight Commander of Justice...Malta, Commander Grand Cross of Bethlehem, Writer and historian, Poet and Artist. Departed This Life Nov. 27th 1990, Deeply Mourned and Sadly Missed By His Beloved Wife Anne, Friends and Readership – Worldwide. Also His Dear Wife BARONESS ANNE MANHATTAN Died 18th Jan 2008 Aged 86 Years.
His friends included H. G. Wells, Pablo Picasso, George Bernard Shaw, and scientist Marie Stopes.
The following is a list of Avro Manhattan's most notable books, ordered chronologically:
- The Rumbling of the Apocalypse (1934)
- Towards the New Italy (Preface by H.G. Wells, 1943)
- Latin America and the Vatican (1946)
- The Catholic Church Against the Twentieth Century (1947; 2nd ed. 1950)
- The Vatican in Asia (1948)
- Religion in Russia (1949)
- The Vatican in World Politics (1949)
- Catholic Imperialism and World Freedom (1952; 2nd ed. 1959)
- Terror Over Yugoslavia: The Threat to Europe (1953)
- The Dollar and the Vatican (1956)
- Vatican Imperialism in the Twentieth Century Archived March 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine (1965)
- Catholic Terror Today (1969)
- Religious Terror in Ireland (1974)
- Catholic Power Today (1967)
- The Vatican-Moscow-Washington Alliance (1982)
- The Vatican Billions (1983)
- Vietnam... Why Did We Go? The Shocking Story of the Catholic "Church's" Role in Starting the Vietnam War (1984)
- Murder in the Vatican: American, Russian, and Papal Plots (1985)
- The Vatican’s Holocaust (1986)
- The Dollar and the Vatican (1988)
- Catholic Terror in Ireland (1988)
- ^ a b c d "Baron and friend of Picasso spent years living in modest South Shields terraced house". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 23, 2014.
- ^ a b c "The Baron and South Shields". shieldsgazette.com. Archived from the original on September 12, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
- ^ a b "Filmmaker's breakthrough in piecing together South Shields Baron's story". shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
- ^ a b "Towards the New Italy. By T. L. Gardini, with a " 25 Feb 1944 " The Spectator Archive". The Spectator Archive. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- ^ a b "Notice is hereby given..." (PDF). The London Gazette. January 1, 1954. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ a b c d e "Dead baron was pal of Picasso and HG Wells". Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
- ^ "Anne Manhattan – South Tyneside Libraries". southtynesidehistory.co.uk. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- ^ Henderson, Tony (September 22, 2014). "Baron Avro Manhattan's South Shields past revealed from auction sale". nechronicle. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Avro Manhattan at Online Books Page
- Avro Manhattan in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Secrets & Lies: The Life of Baron Avro Manhattan (Documentary). 2018.
- 1914 births
- 1990 deaths
- Italian male writers
- Alumni of the London School of Economics
- University of Paris alumni
- Italian people of American descent
- Writers from Milan
- Critics of the Catholic Church
- Italian people of Dutch-Jewish descent
- Italian people of Swiss-Jewish descent
- Italian emigrants to the United Kingdom
- People from Shotley Bridge