Avro Type F
|Manufacturer||A.V.Roe and Company|
|First flight||1 May 1912|
The Avro Type F was an early single seat British aircraft from Avro. On 1 May 1912 it became the first aircraft in the world to fly with a completely enclosed cabin for the pilot as an integral part of the design.
Design and development
It was a wire-braced mid-wing monoplane with a tailskid undercarriage. The fuselage was teardrop-shaped with flat sides with cellon windows. Oil leakage from the engine had been anticipated to obscure pilot view by coating cabin windows; so two circular windows at the pilot's head level could be opened for the pilot's head to protrude when flying, but their use proved unnecessary. Ingress and egress was via a sheet-aluminum trapdoor in the fuselage top. The cabin was quite cramped, being only 2 ft (60 cm) across at its widest point.
The Type F made a few test flights in mid-1912 until damaged beyond repair in a hard landing on 13 September, after which it was not repaired. Its Viale 35 hp engine is on display at the Science Museum in London; and the rudder was preserved by the Royal Aero Club.
Data from 
- Crew: one pilot
- Length: 23 ft 0 in (7.01 m)
- Wingspan: 28 ft 0 in (8.53 m)
- Height: 7 ft 6 in (2.29 m)
- Wing area: 158 ft2 (14.7 m2)
- Empty weight: 550 lb (250 kg)
- Gross weight: 800 lb (360 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Viale 35 hp 5-cylinder radial, 35 hp (26 kW)
- Maximum speed: 65 mph (105 km/h)
- Rate of climb: 300 ft/min (1.5 m/s)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Avro Type F.|
- King, H.F. (1969). Milestones of the Air (McGraw-Hill ed.). New York: Jane's All the World's Aircraft Publishing Company. pp. 24&25.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 91.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. pp. File 889 Sheet 92–93.
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