Anthem: Soomaaliyeey toosoo
Location of Awdal in Somalia.
|Autonomy Federal Republic of Somalia|
|6,122 km2 (2,364 sq mi)|
|Currency||Somali shilling (SOS)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
• Summer (DST)
|not observed (UTC+3)|
|Calling code||+252 (Somalia)|
|Internet TLD||.so (Somalia)|
Rankings may not be available because of Awdalland's unrecognized de facto state.
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Awdalland (also spelled Adelland) takes its name from the Adel Sultanate, a medieval empire which rose to power during the 16th century. The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities. These cities were described by Richard F. Burton, a British explorer in 1856, as the First Footsteps in East Africa. For a more recent description, see A. T. Curle, "The Ruined cities of Somaliland", Antiquity, 11 (1937), pp. 315–327</ref>
In 1995, after the collapse of the Somalian central government, a local separatist movement known as the "Awdal Republic" or "Awdalland Republic" briefly sought independence.
In 2009, the formation of a new autonomous region within a federalist Somalia was officially declared. Referred to as "Awdalland" or the Adel State, the local administration does not recognize the secessionist [Somaliland] government's claim to sovereignty or to its territory. In 2011, Zeila & Lughaya State and it's capital town, Zeila, declared it would not recognize the power of the Somaliland government. Saylac (Zeila) and Lughaya State was formed in 2011 and on 7 February 2012 officially seceded from Somaliland, claiming to be a federal state of Somalia. Zeila State is proclaimed first. It later united with Lugayhe to form the states of Sayla and Lugayhe. Each individual state and the combined state has its own flag. However, the government of Somaliland soon regained some kind of control of the territory. The territory has a total area of 8,566 km2 (3,307 sq mi). Its main city is Zeila, which is situated on the coast. Lughaya, Asha Addo, Harirad, Jidhi and Lawyacado are the other principal cities in the region.
- "Awdal "Republic": Declaration of Independence, [Somalia]". University of Pennsylvania – African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
- "The Declaration of Adel State". Lughaya. 8 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Awdalland Deserves Recognition – New Song (Daawo)". SSC Times. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
Awdal is mainly inhabited by the Issa tribe and few Gadabuursi confederation of clans. While the Issa is concentrated in largest part of Awdal reguon Template:Zeila, Lughaya, Harirad and other cities and The Gadaabursi are concentrated in Borama and Baki area....
- Northeast African Studies, Volume 9. Michigan State University. 1987. p. 35.
…the new 'Awdal' region almost entirely inhabited by Issa and Samaroon.
- Lughaya.Com | Adal: The Land of Ahmed Gurey Awdal Selel and Gebilay
- SSC TIMES – Real Voice of Sool Sanaag Cayn – Awdalland
- The Emergence of Awdalland a Vital Reality Check for Secessionist One-Clan-Somaliland
- Somaliland is not ours any more. Awdalland is our own. A reply to Mudane Mo
- (Somali) Heestii Calanka Awdalland
- Doorashadii Madaxweynaha