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أرض أودال
Flag of Awdalland
Location of Awdal in Somalia.
Location of Awdal in Somalia.
Capital Borama
9°55′N 43°10′E / 9.917°N 43.167°E / 9.917; 43.167
Official languages
• President
Mahdi Isaaq
Autonomy Federal Republic of Somalia
• Proclaimed
• Recognition
• Total
6,122 km2 (2,364 sq mi)
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+3)
Calling code +252 (Somalia)
Internet TLD .so (Somalia)
Rankings may not be available because of Awdalland's unrecognized de facto state.
Borama skyline.
Saylac & Lughaya State Flag

Awdalland (Somali: Awdalland Arabic: أرض أودال‎‎) is a region in Northwestern Somalia, centered on Borama, the capital of the Awdal province.


Awdalland (also spelled Adelland) takes its name from the Adel Sultanate, a medieval empire which rose to power during the 16th century. The area along the Ethiopian border is abundant with ruined cities. These cities were described by Richard F. Burton, a British explorer in 1856, as the first footsteps in East Africa and by A. T. Curle as the unsolved riddle of Africa. [1]

In 1995, after the collapse of the Somalian central government, a local separatist movement known as the "Awdal Republic" or "Awdalland Republic" briefly sought independence.[2]

In 2009, the formation of a new autonomous region within a federalist Somalia was officially declared. Referred to as "Awdalland" or the Adel State, the local administration does not recognize the secessionist [Somaliland] government's claim to sovereignty or to its territory.[3][4] In 2011, Zeila & Lughaya State and its capital town, Zeila, declared it would not recognize the power of the Somaliland government. Saylac (Zeila) and Lughaya State was formed in 2011 and on 7 February 2012 officially seceded from Somaliland, claiming to be a federal state of Somalia. Zeila State was proclaimed first. It later united with Lugayhe to form the state of Sayla and Lugayhe. Each individual state and the combined state has its own flag. However, the government of Somaliland soon regained some kind of control of the territory. The territory has a total area of 8,566 km2 (3,307 square mi). Its main city is Zeila, which is situated on the coast. Lughaya, Asha Addo, Harirad, Jidhi and Lawyacado are the other principal cities in the region.


The Awdal region of Awdalland is primarily inhabited by Somalis from ISSA clans and the Gadabuursi clans.[5][6]


  1. ^ A. T. Curle (1937). The Ruined Cities of Somaliland, pp. 315–327. Antiquity
  2. ^ "Awdal "Republic": Declaration of Independence, [Somalia]". University of Pennsylvania – African Studies Center. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  3. ^ "The Declaration of Adel State". Lughaya. 8 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Awdalland Deserves Recognition – New Song (Daawo)". SSC Times. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Battera, Federico (2005). "Chapter 9: The Collapse of the State and the Resurgence of Customary Law in Northern Somalia". Shattering Tradition: Custom, Law and the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean. Walter Dostal, Wolfgang Kraus (ed.). London: I.B. Taurus. p. 296. ISBN 1-85043-634-7. Retrieved 2010-03-18. Awdal is mainly inhabited by the Issa tribe and few Gadabuursi confederation of clans. While the Issa is concentrated in largest part of Awdal region Template:Zeila, Lughaya, Harirad and other cities and The Gadaabursi are concentrated in Borama and Baki area.... 
  6. ^ Northeast African Studies, Volume 9. Michigan State University. 1987. p. 35. …the new 'Awdal' region almost entirely inhabited by Issa and Samaroon. 

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