Axarquía

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Axarquía
Street in Frigiliana.
Street in Frigiliana.
Location of Axarquía in Andalusia
Location of Axarquía in Andalusia
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalucía
ProvinceMálaga
Area
 • Total1,023.6 km2 (395.2 sq mi)
Elevation
2,066 m (6,778 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total211,328
 • Density210/km2 (530/sq mi)

Axarquía (Spanish pronunciation: [axaɾˈki.a]) is a comarca of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is the wedge-shaped area east of Málaga. Its name is traced back to Arabic الشرقية‏ (aš-Šarqiyya, meaning "the eastern [region]"). It extends along the coast and inland. Its coastal towns make up the Costa del Sol Oriental - one of the sunniest places in mainland Spain with the average of 320 sunny days a year.[2] The natives of the region are called axárquicos.

The comarca is composed of 31 municipalities, of which the capital is Vélez-Málaga. The Vélez, Algarrobo and Torrox rivers all run through the region. Its highest mountain is La Maroma, highest point of the Sierra de Tejeda, Penibaetic System.[3]

The Axarquía comarca is also known as Axarquía-Costa del Sol, for it includes the Costa del Sol Oriental sector of the Costa del Sol, east of Málaga city made up of Rincón de la Victoria, Vélez-Málaga, Algarrobo, Torrox and Nerja municipal terms.[4]

Etymology[edit]

The Dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy defines the word "jarquía" (xarquía in old Castilian) as "district or territory located east of a great city and dependent on it" and says that it proceeds from Arabic شرقية‏  Šarqiyya, meaning "eastern part" or " eastern." It coincides with the region of Axarquia which lies in the east of Málaga. The Royal Academy, in its spelling of the Spanish Language, 1999 edition, explains that, in old Castilian, consonant fricative phoneme x represented the palatal [ʃ] as in English sh sound, found in words like Axarquía, Don Quixote, Mexico, Texas etc.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Area
(km²)
Population
2011[5]
Population
2018[6]
Alcaucín 45.1 2,646 2,239
Alfarnate 34.0 1,295 1,105
Alfarnatejo 20.4 513 394
Algarrobo 9.7 6,229 6,367
Almáchar 14.4 1,892 1,802
Árchez 4.8 456 391
Arenas 26.3 1,339 1,177
Benamargosa 12.1 1,676 1,496
Benamocarra 5.7 3,066 2,999
El Borge 24.4 1,025 933
Canillas de Aceituno 42.0 1,873 1,620
Canillas de Albaida 33.2 900 732
Colmenar 66.0 3,560 3,392
Comares 25.5 1,508 1,323
Cómpeta 54.2 3,629 3,745
Cútar 19.4 641 614
Frigiliana 40.5 3,149 3,086
Iznate 7.5 924 863
Macharaviaya 7.2 496 442
Moclinejo 14.3 1,283 1,230
Nerja 85.1 21,086 21,061
Periana 58.8 3,502 3,068
Rincón de la Victoria 28.5 41,040 46,093
Riogordo 40.0 3,030 2,701
Salares 10.3 231 174
Sayalonga 18.3 1,477 1,658
Sedella 31.6 672 606
Torrox 50.0 16,387 16,465
Totalán 9.2 738 715
Vélez-Málaga 157.9 76,922 80,817
Viñuela 27.2 1,949 2,020
Totals 1,023.6 205,134 211,328

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Estimate at 1 January 2018: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.
  2. ^ Rustical Travel, Holidays in Axarquia and Antequera on January 30, 2019
  3. ^ Montañas de la Axarquía: Travesía Maroma-Lucero Archived December 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Fernando Almeida García & Damián López Cano, La Costa del Sol Oriental: un conflicto territorial entre el turismo, la agricultura y la urbanización metropolitana. Baética: Estudios de arte, geografía e historia, ISSN 0212-5099, Nº 25, 2003, pg. 67-80
  5. ^ Census at 1 November 2011: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.
  6. ^ Estimate at 1 January 2018: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°50′N 04°10′W / 36.833°N 4.167°W / 36.833; -4.167