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Street in Frigiliana.
Street in Frigiliana.
Location of Axarquía in Andalusia
Location of Axarquía in Andalusia
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalucía
 • Total1,025 km2 (396 sq mi)
2,066 m (6,778 ft)
 • Total211,447
 • Density210/km2 (530/sq mi)

Axarquía (Spanish pronunciation: [axaɾˈki.a]) is a comarca of Andalusia in southern Spain. It is the wedge-shaped area east of Málaga. Its name is possibly traced back to Greek or Arabic الشرقية‏ ("Ash-sharquía", meaning "the eastern region"). It extends along the coast and inland. Its coastal towns make up the Costa del Sol Oriental. The natives of the region are called axárquicos.

Its capital is Vélez-Málaga. The Vélez, Algarrobo and Torrox rivers all run through the region. Its highest mountain is La Maroma, highest point of the Sierra de Tejeda, Penibaetic System.[1]

The Axarquía comarca is also known as Axarquía-Costa del Sol, for it includes the Costa del Sol Oriental sector of the Costa del Sol, east of Málaga city made up of Rincón de la Victoria, Vélez-Málaga, Algarrobo, Torrox and Nerja municipal terms.[2]


The Dictionary of the Spanish Royal Academy defines the word "jarquía" (xarquía in old Castilian) as "district or territory located east of a great city and dependent on it" and says that it proceeds from Arabic شرقية‏  Šarqiyya, meaning "eastern part" or " eastern." It coincides with the region of Axarquia which lies in the east of Málaga. The Royal Academy, in its spelling of the Spanish Language, 1999 edition, explains that, in old Castilian, consonant fricative phoneme x represented the palatal [ʃ] as in English sh sound, found in words like Axarquía, Don Quixote, Mexico, Texas etc.


# Name Population
1 Vélez-Málaga 79,878
2 Rincón de la Victoria 45,138
3 Nerja 21,047
4 Torrox 15,371
5 Algarrobo 6,284
6 Cómpeta 3,847
7 Colmenar 3,383
8 Periana 3,124
9 Frigiliana 3,066
10 Benamocarra 2,988
11 Riogordo 2,715
12 Alcaucín 2,253
13 La Viñuela 2,045
14 Almáchar 1,814
15 Canillas de Aceituno 1,672
16 Sayalonga 1,579
17 Benamargosa 1,532
18 Comares 1,315
19 Moclinejo 1,204
20 Arenas 1,190
21 Alfarnate 1,113
22 El Borge 940
23 Iznate 856
24 Canillas de Albaida 741
25 Totalán 710
26 Sedella 634
27 Cútar 597
28 Macharaviaya 448
29 Árchez 405
30 Alfarnatejo 397
31 Salares 175
Axarquia 208,461

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Montañas de la Axarquía: Travesía Maroma-Lucero Archived December 13, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Fernando Almeida García & Damián López Cano, La Costa del Sol Oriental: un conflicto territorial entre el turismo, la agricultura y la urbanización metropolitana. Baética: Estudios de arte, geografía e historia, ISSN 0212-5099, Nº 25, 2003, pg. 67-80

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°50′N 04°10′W / 36.833°N 4.167°W / 36.833; -4.167