Axinaea

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Axinaea
Axinaea macrophylla (14469910578).jpg
Axinaea macrophylla
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Melastomataceae
Genus: Axinaea

Axinaea is a genus of flowering plants in the family Melastomataceae. As of 2012, there are at least 42 species.[1] They are small trees and shrubs. They are native to the Americas; almost all are found in the Andes.[2]

Plants of this genus are pollinated when birds, several species of fruit-eating tanagers, consume specialized appendages on the stamens. As they grasp the nutritious appendages, a cloud of pollen is released. This has been called "puff pollination".[3][4]

Species include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bussmann, R. W., & Zambrana, N. P. (2012). Axinaea ninakurorum (Melastomataceae)− a new species from the northern Peruvian Merianeae hotspot. Arnaldoa 19(1) 23-27.
  2. ^ a b c Bussmann, R. W., Gruhn, J., & Glenn, A. (2010). Axinaea fernando‐cabiesii and A. reginae spp. nov.(Melastomataceae) from upper Amazonia of Peru, with notes on the conservation status of A. flava. Nordic Journal of Botany, 28(5), 518-522.
  3. ^ Edwards, J. (2014). Coevolution: puff pollination in tropical flowers. Current Biology, 24(14), R649-R651.
  4. ^ Dellinger, A. S., et al. (2014). A specialized bird pollination system with a bellows mechanism for pollen transfer and staminal food body rewards. Current Biology, 24(14), 1615-19.
  5. ^ Bussmann, R. W. and N. Y. Paniagua. (2013). Axinaea carolinae-telleziae (Melastomataceae) – another new species from northern Peru. Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Arnaldoa (20)1 19-24.
  6. ^ a b c Cotton, E., Bussmann, R. W., & Lozano, P. 2004. Three new Ecuadorian species of Axinaea (Melastomataceae). Nord. J. Bot, 23(1), 49.