Ayamonte

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Ayamonte
General view of the town and the San Salvador church
General view of the town and the San Salvador church
Flag of Ayamonte
Coat of arms of Ayamonte
Ayamonte is located in Spain
Ayamonte
Ayamonte
Ayamonte is located in Andalusia
Ayamonte
Ayamonte
Coordinates: 37°12′N 7°24′W / 37.200°N 7.400°W / 37.200; -7.400Coordinates: 37°12′N 7°24′W / 37.200°N 7.400°W / 37.200; -7.400
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityAndalusia
ProvinceHuelva
Government
 • AlcaldeAlberto Fernández Rodríguez.
Area
 • Total142 km2 (55 sq mi)
Elevation
63 m (207 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total20,883
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ayamontino, na
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21400
Websiteayto-ayamonte.es

Ayamonte (Spanish pronunciation: [aʝaˈmonte]; Portuguese: Aiamonte) is a town and municipality of Spain belonging to the province of Huelva, Andalusia. It is located near the border with Portugal on the mouth of the Guadiana River. According to the 2015 census, the city had a population of 20,357 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The town was seized away from Muslim control in 1240 during the reign of Sancho II of Portugal, and it was donated afterwards to the Order of Santiago.[2] Ayamonte became part of the Crown of Castile in 1263.[3]

Fishing and salting of tuna and sardine was already practised in Ayamonte since the Middle Ages.[4] The town suffered due to the War with Portugal and the plague pandemics in the 17th century.[5] In the following century, Catalans and other eastern merchants installed in the town and gave impetus to the local canning and salt industry.[5]

Location[edit]

The township of Ayamonte preserves its old medieval quarter in the central district of the town, with many very narrow streets and historical buildings; this central area is a designated car-free zone.

The beach area of Ayamonte is Isla Canela and is reached by a causeway across the Marismas del Guadiana; the marismas (salt marshes) are a wildlife reserve, providing a home to many waterfowl, including herons and flamingos. Isla Canela is built along several kilometers of sandy beaches, and provides an area for windsurfing, kitesurfing and sailing. There are a number of golf courses in and around the area, including one built into the Marismas itself.

Transport[edit]

The ferry link between Ayamonte and Vila Real de Santo António was the traditional crossing point between Spain and Portugal. A modern bridge over the Guadiana River has now been built to the north of the town, linking the motorway systems of both countries, but the ferry still runs and provides an inexpensive mode of transport between the two countries.

Culture[edit]

The city, is also famous for his local festivities, the "Fiestas de las Angústias" in honor of their patron "Nuestra Señora de las Angústias". The festivities in the beginning of September are a moment of celebration not only from the Ayamontin population, but also for many Andalucians, and Portuguese. The festivities are graced by the local band, "Banda Ciudad de Ayamonte" and the Portuguese "Banda da Sociedade Filarmónica Progresso e Labor Samouquense" from the Portuguese village of Samouco.

Climate[edit]

Ayamonte has a Hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) with mild, somewhat humid winters and dry, warm to hot summers. Autumn is the wettest season.[6]

Climate data for Ayamonte, 1981-2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
17.3
(63.1)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.2
(73.8)
26.7
(80.1)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
27.0
(80.6)
23.4
(74.1)
19.5
(67.1)
16.7
(62.1)
22.4
(72.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
12.6
(54.7)
14.6
(58.3)
15.9
(60.6)
18.3
(64.9)
21.6
(70.9)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
22.0
(71.6)
18.8
(65.8)
15.1
(59.2)
12.6
(54.7)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
7.9
(46.2)
9.7
(49.5)
11.0
(51.8)
13.4
(56.1)
16.6
(61.9)
18.4
(65.1)
18.6
(65.5)
17.1
(62.8)
14.3
(57.7)
10.7
(51.3)
8.6
(47.5)
12.8
(55.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 65.3
(2.57)
46.9
(1.85)
37.2
(1.46)
46.9
(1.85)
26.8
(1.06)
7.1
(0.28)
3.0
(0.12)
4.4
(0.17)
24.6
(0.97)
65.2
(2.57)
82.0
(3.23)
97.4
(3.83)
506.8
(19.96)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.1 7.7 6.0 7.8 5.4 1.7 0.3 0.7 3.5 8.6 7.9 10.2 68.9
Source: World Meteorological Organization[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
199916,980—    
200016,939−0.2%
200117,084+0.9%
200217,292+1.2%
200317,402+0.6%
200417,623+1.3%
200518,001+2.1%
Source: INE (Spain)

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. ^ González Díaz 2005, p. 257.
  3. ^ González Díaz, Antonio Manuel (2005). "Ordenanzas del marquesado de Ayamonte, año 1702. Ordenación del territorio y regulación de los recursos" (PDF). Huelva en su Historia. Huelva: Diputación Provincial de Huelva (12): 257. ISSN 1136-6877 – via University of Huelva.
  4. ^ "Ayamonte" (PDF). Patrimonio cultural en los puertos de interés pesqueros en Andalucía. p. 13 – via Universidad de Sevilla.
  5. ^ a b "Fronteiras. I Seminario Hispano-Luso: Patrimonio Industrial Conservero y Salazonero" (PDF). pp. 12–13 – via University of Huelva.
  6. ^ "Climate in Ayamonte, Spain". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Climate in Ayamonte, Spain". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 7 December 2021.

External links[edit]