Ayase, Kanagawa

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Ayase
綾瀬市
Ayase City Hall
Ayase City Hall
Flag of Ayase
Official logo of Ayase
Location of Ayase in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Ayase in Kanagawa Prefecture
Ayase is located in Japan
Ayase
Ayase
 
Coordinates: 35°26′N 139°26′E / 35.433°N 139.433°E / 35.433; 139.433Coordinates: 35°26′N 139°26′E / 35.433°N 139.433°E / 35.433; 139.433
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
Government
 • MayorShirojiro Kasama (since July 2004)
Area
 • Total22.28 km2 (8.60 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2021)
 • Total83,709
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeMaple
• FlowerRose
• BirdCommon kingfisher
Phone number0467-77-1111
Address550 Hayakawa, Ayase-shi, Kanagawa-ken 252-1192
WebsiteOfficial website

Ayase (綾瀬市, Ayase-shi) is a city located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2021, the city had an estimated population of 83,709 and a population density of 3800 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 22.28 km2 (8.60 sq mi). It should not be confused with a neighborhood of the same name in the special ward of Adachi, Tokyo.

Geography[edit]

Ayase is in the plains of north-central Kanagawa Prefecture along the banks of the Sagami River. The Hikiji River flows through part of the city. More than 18% of the city is occupied by the Naval Air Facility Atsugi (equivalent to about 78% of the total area of the base).

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Kanagawa Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Ayase has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ayase is 15.2 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1632 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.2 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Ayase has grown steadily over the past century.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,759—    
1930 5,665−1.6%
1940 5,966+5.3%
1950 8,181+37.1%
1960 8,304+1.5%
1970 24,960+200.6%
1980 65,708+163.3%
1990 77,926+18.6%
2000 81,019+4.0%
2010 83,172+2.7%

History[edit]

In the Edo period, the area of modern Ayase was part of the tenryō territory in Sagami Province controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate, but administered through various hatamoto. After the Meiji restoration, the area became part of Kōza District, Kanagawa Prefecture. The village of Ayase was created on April 1, 1889, through the merger of eight small hamlets, and was elevated to town status on April 1, 1945. On November 11, 1978, Ayase became the newest city in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Government[edit]

Ayase has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Ayase contributes one member to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Kanagawa 13th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Ayase is known for its processed meat industry, and is the leading producer of pork products in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Education[edit]

Ayase has ten public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government. The city has two public high schools operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education. There are also two private high schools.

Transportation[edit]

Ayase is not connected by rail, although the tracks of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen pass through the city. The nearest train stations are Kashiwadai Station and Sagamino Station (on the Sagami Railway in neighboring Ebina) and Chōgo Station on the Odakyu Enoshima Line in Fujisawa.

Five numbered prefectural highways crisscross the city, but no national highway. The Tōmei Expressway passes through Ayase, but does not have interchange, although there is a highway bus stop for the city.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ayase is twinned with:

Notable people from Ayase, Kanagawa[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ayase city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Ayase climate data
  3. ^ Ayase population statistics

External links[edit]