Mohammad Yazdi

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Mohammad Yazdi
Mohammad Yazdi 2 (cropped).jpg
Chairman of the Assembly of Experts
In office
10 March 2015 – 23 May 2016
Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Succeeded by Ahmad Jannati
Member of the Assembly of Experts
In office
21 February 1991 – 23 May 2016
Constituency Tehran Province
Majority 970,192 (4th assembly)
Chief Justice of Iran
In office
30 June 1989 – 30 June 1999
Appointed by Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili
Succeeded by Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1984 – 27 May 1988
Constituency Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority 156,049 (93.1%)
In office
28 May 1980 – 27 May 1984
Constituency Qom
Majority 129,678 (83.1%)
Member of Assembly of Experts for the Constitution
In office
19 August 1979 – 15 November 1979
Constituency Bakhtaran Province
Majority 101,735 (46%)
Personal details
Born (1931-07-02) July 2, 1931 (age 85)
Isfahan, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Combatant Clergy Association
Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom
Other political
affiliations
Islamic Republican Party
Religion Shia Islam

Mohammad Yazdi (Persian: محمد یزدی‎‎, born 2 July 1931)[1] is an Iranian cleric who served as the head of Judiciary System of Iran between 1989 and 1999. In 2015, he was elected to lead Iran's Assembly of Experts, defeating Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, a former president, by a vote count of 47 to 24.[2]

Early life[edit]

Mohammad Yazdi was born in 1931 to a religious family at Isfahan. Sheikh Ali Yazdi, his father, was a student of Sheikh Abdul Karim Haeri and at one of the Isfahan mosques as chief mullah for Friday prayers and ceremonies investigated the people problems.[3]

Educational[edit]

At the first, Ayatollah Yazdi learned Persian language from his father and then went to Maktab. Also he departed to newly founded school to continue his educational. When he went to Qom, he resided at the Feyziyeh School and learned religious courses from scholars such as Mohammad Ali Araki, Ayatollah Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Amoli, Ayatollah Shahroudi, Grand Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi and Imam Khomeini.[3]

Political career[edit]

Before victory of Iranian Revolution[edit]

Ayatollah Yazdi usually gave the lectures at mosques and house of scholars. Also he taught Morality course at the Feyziyeh School and discussed about politic subjects.[4] Mohammad Yazdi was exiled by SAVAK many times to Bandar Lengeh, Bushire and Rudbar.[3]

After victory of Iranian Revolution[edit]

After Khamenei became leader of the Iranian Republic, Ayatollah Yazdi served as the president of the Supreme Court. He remained in the post for many years before being replaced by Muhammad Hashemi shahreoudi.[5] Yazdi is a member of the Assembly of Experts[1] and the Guardian Council. He served as the interim Friday prayer leader of Tehran.

There is some of the Political career of Ayatollah Yazdi after Iranian Revolution as fallowing:[4]

Political views[edit]

United States[edit]

In the run-up to the February 2016 elections, Yazdi opposed bilateral relations with the United States.[7] In the popular election held in February 2016 for Assembly of Experts candidates, incumbent Chairman Yazdi was not among the 16 experts who received enough votes to represent Tehran in the Fifth Assembly of Experts.[8]

Many western media outlets pointed to Yazdi’s exit from the Assembly when providing emphasizing the gains that reformists made in the 2016 elections. [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] In a speech congratulating those elected to the Fifth Assembly of Experts, Yazdi advocated for peaceful, moderate relations with other countries, but went on to warn about dealing with enemies and characterized America as "The Great Satan".[14] Two days later, Fars News Agency reported the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei lamented the Assembly’s loss of Yazdi as Chairman and warned of the risk that the West could influence or infiltrate Iran.[15] As of 9 May 2016, Yazdi remained on the Guardian Council,[16] which vets potential candidates for the Assembly of Experts. During Yazdi’s tenure on the Guardian Council, human-rights organizations have criticized the Guardian Council’s disqualification of reform candidates in the 2016 elections.[17][18]

Work[edit]

Ayatollah Yazdi authored several books in English and Persian such as,[19] Your missing,[3] Answers of Mardooq's accusations[3] and Imamah in shia Islam.[4]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Khalaji, Mehdi (February 2012). "Supreme Succession. Who Will Lead Post-Khamenei Iran?" (Policy Focus (No. 117)). The Washington Institute. Washington DC. 
  2. ^ Erdbrink, Thomas (10 March 2015). "Conservative Cleric Chosen to Lead Iranian Council". The New York Times. Tehran. Retrieved 18 May 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Staff, Writer. "Biography of Mohammad Yazdi". hamshahrionline. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c Staff, Writter. "Biography of Ayatollah Yazdi in view of history". Tasnimnews. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  5. ^ David Menashri (2001). post revolutionary politics In iran. Frank Cass. p. 48. 
  6. ^ Baktiari, Bahman (31 August 1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran. University Press of Florida. p. 101. ISBN 978-0813014616. 
  7. ^ "Iran's Experts Assembly Chairman Rejects Bilateral Relations with US". Fars News Agency. Tehran. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  8. ^ Final results of Expert Assembly voting in Tehran province (Report). Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Iran. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Iran elections: Reformists make gains in Assembly of Experts". BBC. 29 February 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Nakhoul, Samia (28 February 2016). "Iran's Rouhani welcomes poll wins that could mean faster reform". Reuters. Tehran. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  11. ^ Regencia, Ted (29 February 2016). "Moderates dominate council of clerics in Iran elections". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  12. ^ Mostaghim, Ramin; Bengali, Shashank (28 February 2016). "Reformers and moderates romp in Tehran as Iran election gauges popularity of nuclear deal". Los Angeles Times. Tehran. 
  13. ^ Esfandiari, Haleh (29 February 2016). "Iran's Elections: Will Moderates' Gains Make a Difference?". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "آیت‌الله یزدی در اجلاسیه مجلس خبرگان رهبری: مراقبت از هویت ولایت‌ فقیه حساس‌ترین وظیفه خبرگان است/ نباید با لبخند دشمن خوشحال شویم/ اقدام برای ورود من به مجلس بعدی خبرگان شایعه بود" [Ayatollah Yazdi at the session of the Assembly of Experts: Experts duty of care of the most sensitive identity of the supreme leader is / should be happy with the enemy smiling / action for my entry into the next Assembly of Experts was rumored]. Fars News Agency (in Persian). Tehran. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  15. ^ "رهبر انقلاب در دیدار اعضای مجلس خبرگان:مجلس خبرگان باید انقلابی بماند/ مقایسه رفتار نجیبانه رای‌نیاورندگان انتخابات اخیر با رفتار نانجیبانه فتنه‌گران ۸۸/ نبودن آقایان مصباح و یزدی برای مجلس خبرگان خسارت است" [Supreme Leader meets members of the Assembly of Experts: Assembly of Experts should be revolutionary / compare gentlemanly behavior Raynyavrndgan recent elections with indecent behavior troublemaker 88 / absence of Mr. Mesbah Yazdi for the Assembly of Experts damage and is]. Fars News Agency (in Persian). Tehran. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  16. ^ "Home Page of Guardian Council Website (see, اعضای شورای نگهبان (Members of the Guardian Council))". Guardian Council of the Constitution for the Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 9 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  17. ^ Staff writer(s); no by-line. (24 January 2016). "Iran: Threats to Free, Fair Elections, Guardian Council Bars Reform Candidates". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  18. ^ Staff writer(s); no by-line. (8 March 2016). "Iran Elections: Reformists Win Voter Support Despite Roadblocks and Irregularities". International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. Retrieved 19 May 2016. 
  19. ^ Staff, Writer. "Biography of Ayatollah Yazdi". Jameehmodarresin. 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardebili
Head of judiciary of Islamic Republic of Iran
1989–1999
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi