Aydemir

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This article is about the village in Bulgaria. For the name, see Aydemir (name).
The Old Believer Lipovan Russian church in Tataritsa, Aydemir
Location of Aydemir in Bulgaria

Aydemir (Bulgarian: Айдемир, also Aidemir, Ajdemir) is a village in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Silistra Municipality, Silistra Province. As of 2007, it is the most populous village in Bulgaria, with a population of 7,815 according to 2005 data. Aydemir lies at 44°6′N 27°10′E / 44.100°N 27.167°E / 44.100; 27.167, 31 m above sea level. The village is located in the valley of the Danube, 3 km south of the river and 8 km west of Silistra, on the road from Silistra to Rousse. The mayor is Rumen Angelov.

Aydemir is divided into three parts: the centre, the quarter of Delenkite and the quarter of Tataritsa,[1] which was founded in 1674 by Old Believer Nekrasov Cossacks (see Russians in Bulgaria) at a location prior to that inhabited by Tatars.[2]

The village has a church, the Church of the Holy Trinity, which was constructed in 1829.[1] For a certain period, it was named Knyaz Hesenski (Княз Хесенски, "Grand Duke of Hesse") in honour of Alexander I Battenberg, the first monarch of modern Bulgaria.

According to Ancho Kaloyanov, the name of the village is derived from Greek άγιος (agios, "Saint") and the shortening of the personal name Demetrius, i.e. "Saint Demetrius", both through Turkic.[3]

In 1924, a 14th-century treasure comprising 101 silver coins, including some of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria, was discovered near the village.[4]

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