Ayelet HaShahar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ayelet HaShahar
אַיֶּלֶת הַשַּׁחַר
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Ayyelet HaShahar
Ayelet Hashahar guest house 1964.jpg
Ayelet HaShahar is located in Northeast Israel
Ayelet HaShahar
Ayelet HaShahar
Coordinates: 33°1′22.07″N 35°34′39.35″E / 33.0227972°N 35.5775972°E / 33.0227972; 35.5775972Coordinates: 33°1′22.07″N 35°34′39.35″E / 33.0227972°N 35.5775972°E / 33.0227972; 35.5775972
District Northern
Council Upper Galilee
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1915
Founded by European Jewish immigrants
Population (2016)[1] 1,202
Website www.ayelet.org.il

Ayelet HaShahar (Hebrew: אַיֶּלֶת הַשַּׁחַר‬) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the Rosh PinaMetulla road, it is approximately 35 kilometers south of Kiryat Shmona and falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 1,202.[1]


The land on which the kibbutz is located was bought by the Jewish Colonization Association in 1892. It was first settled by immigrants from Europe in 1915 during the Second Aliyah period. A census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, recorded a population of 78 Jews.[2] During the end of the British mandate, the kibbutz was the staging ground for Palmach operations, "Markolet" (Night of the bridges) and the bombing of the Yarmuk Bridge (16–17 June 1946).


Ayelet HaShahar is one of the larger fruit producers in Israel. They also raise dairy cattle and poultry, and manage beehives (the kibbutz is a major producer of Israel's honey). There are fish ponds, which take water from canals that drain the nearby Hula Valley swamps.


Tel Hazor, capital of Canaanite Galilee, lies opposite the kibbutz. The Archaeological Museum of Hatzor is located at the kibbutz. Antiquities from Tel Hazor are displayed, but many of the original artifacts are actually at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ Barron, 1923, p. 41
  3. ^ Israel Museum Israeli Art Information Center


External links[edit]