Aylesbury (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire.
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
|Population||108,027 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||79,664 (April 2015)|
|Member of parliament||David Lidington (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
The constituency is based on the large town of Aylesbury and its suburbs as well as a small swathe of villages broken up by woods and cultivated land in the centre of the Chilterns which cover most of Buckinghamshire and parts of three other counties.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Buckinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England made several changes to the Aylesbury constituency, which took effect at the 2010 general election. Aylesbury has electoral wards:
- Aston Clinton, Aylesbury Central, Bedgrove, Coldharbour, Elmhurst and Watermead, Gatehouse, Mandeville and Elm Farm, Oakfield, Quarrendon, Southcourt, Walton Court and Hawkslade and Wendover (the latter of which was a borough constituency until abolition as a 'rotten borough' in 1832) in the district of Aylesbury Vale
- Bledlow and Bradenham, Greater Hughenden, Lacey Green, Speen and the Hampdens, and Stokenchurch and Radnage in Wycombe District
The seat was a much narrower, generally urban borough with a two-member status at Westminster from its grant of a limited franchise in 1553 until the passing of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 when it transformed into a large county division which has seen on national boundary reviews a gradual reduction in physical size as its population has grown.
- Political history
David Lidington, the current incumbent, is the Leader of the House of Commons and Lord President of the Council in Theresa May's cabinet. During the premiership of David Cameron he served as Minister for Europe, campaigning unsuccessfully (in the constituency as well as the whole country) to remain in the EU. From 2007 to 2010 he had been his party's Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
- MPs who have received honours
Sir Stanley Reed edited The Times of India from 1907 until 1924 and received correspondence from the major figures of India such as Mahatma Gandhi. In all he lived in India for fifty years. He was respected in the United Kingdom as an expert on Indian current affairs. He devised the sobriquet for Jaipur, 'the Pink City of India'.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 lower than the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Whereas the average house price is higher than the national average, in the Aylesbury Vale authority (which largely overlaps) this in the first quarter of 2013 was £262,769, the lowest of the four authorities in Buckinghamshire and this compares to the highest county average of £549,046 in South Bucks District.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1553)
|Year||First member||Second member|
|1554 (Apr)||Thomas Smith||Humphrey Moseley|
|1554 (Nov)||William Rice||John Walwyn|
|1559||Arthur Porter||Thomas Crawley|
|1563||Thomas Sackville||Thomas Coleshill|
|1571||Thomas Lichfield||Edmund Dockwra|
|1584||Thomas Tasburgh||John Smith|
|1589||Thomas Pigott||Henry Fleetwood|
|1593||Sir Thomas West||John Lyly|
|1597||Thomas Tasburgh||Thomas Smythe|
|1601||John Lyly||Richard More|
|1604||Sir William Borlase||Sir William Smith|
|1614||Sir John Dormer||Samuel Backhouse|
|1624||Sir John Pakington, Bt||Sir Thomas Crewe|
|1625||Sir Robert Carr|
|May 1625||Sir John Hare|
|1626||Clement Coke||Arthur Goodwin|
|1628||Sir Edmund Verney|
|April 1640||Sir John Pakington, Bt||Ralph Verney|
|November 1640||Sir John Pakington, Bt|
|1645||Thomas Scot||Simon Mayne|
- Returned two members to the Third Protectorate Parliament and thereafter
MPs since 1885
Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, the parliamentary borough of Aylesbury was abolished. The name was transferred to a new, larger, county division of Buckinghamshire, which elected one Member of Parliament (MP).
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Steven Lambert||5,885||10.6||-17.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Steven Lambert||15,118||28.4||+0.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Jones||14,187||27.6||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter M. Jones||13,221||26.9||-2.6|
|Labour||Keith M. White||11,388||23.2||+1.0|
|UKIP||Justin D. Harper||1,248||2.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Sharon Bowles||17,007||29.5||+1.8|
|Natural Law||Lawrence R. Sheaff||166||0.3||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Sharon Bowles||17,640||27.7||-0.9|
|Green||Nigel A. Foster||702||1.1||+1.1|
|Natural Law||Bruno H.M. D'Arcy||239||0.4||+0.4|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||32,970||57.5|
|Social Democratic||Michael Alexander Soole||16,412||28.6|
|Labour||Miss Julie Larner||7,936||13.9|
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||30,230||58.06|
|Social Democratic||Michael Alexander Soole||15,310||29.40|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||33,953||58.25|
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||23,565||46.78|
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||25,764||47.0|
|Conservative||Timothy Hugh Francis Raison||31,084||53.25|
|Labour||James E Mitchell||20,441||35.02|
|Liberal||Philip S Kinsey||6,849||11.73|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Sir Gerard Spencer Summers||23,673||44.91|
|Conservative||Sir Gerard Spencer Summers||23,856||47.12|
|Labour||Gordon Douglas Western||16,467||32.53|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Sir Gerard Spencer Summers||22,504||51.20|
|Liberal||Howard Levett Fry||7,897||17.97|
|Conservative||Gerard Spencer Summers||20,330||49.87|
|Labour||Anthony Shannon Harman||14,569||35.74|
|Liberal||Howard Levett Fry||5,869||14.40|
|Conservative||Gerard Spencer Summers||22,455||56.05|
|Labour||Anthony Shannon Harman||17,605||43.95|
|Conservative||Gerard Spencer Summers||17,623||44.69|
|Labour||Anthony Shannon Harman||14,262||36.17|
|Liberal||George Guthrie Moir||7,547||19.14|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||Sir Herbert Stanley Reed||24,537||47.85|
|Liberal||Maj. Guy Naylor||10,302||20.09|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: Stanley Reed
- Liberal: Atholl Robertson
- Labour: Reginald Groves
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||Herbert Stanley Reed||21,695||54.1|
|Liberal||Thomas Atholl Robertson||10,751||26.8|
|Conservative||Michael Wentworth Beaumont||24,728||57.42|
|Labour||Eric W Shearer||4,716||10.95|
|Conservative||Michael Wentworth Beaumont||29,368||68.34|
|Liberal||Cyril Berkeley Dallow||8,927||20.77|
|Labour||Miss Dorothy Woodman||4,677||10.88|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Michael Wentworth Beaumont||20,478||48.1||-7.9|
|Labour||F G Temple||4,509||10.6||+2.4|
|Unionist||Sir Alan Hughes Burgoyne||18,132||56.0||+8.4|
|Labour||Frederick Charles Watkins||2,655||8.2||+3.7|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.2|
|Unionist||Sir Alan Hughes Burgoyne||13,504||47.6||-3.5|
|Labour||Frederick Charles Watkins||1,275||4.5||n/a|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+1.3|
|Unionist||Lionel Nathan de Rothschild||13,406||51.1||n/a|
Elections in the 1910s
- endorsed by the Coalition Government
Notes and references
- This is currently still a county constituency, so-called for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer. Elections are held at least every five years.
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2015 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- BBC News - latest house price averages Retrieved 2013-07-17
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Aylesbury". BBC News.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)