Aylward M. Blackman

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Aylward Manley Blackman)
Jump to: navigation, search
Aylward Manley Blackman
Born 1883
Dawlish, Devon, United Kingdom
Died 1956
Abergele, Conwy, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Academic background
Education St Paul's School; The Queen's College, Oxford
Academic work
Discipline Egyptologist

Aylward Manley Blackman (30 January 1883 – 9 March 1956)[1] was a British Egyptologist, who excavated various sites in Egypt and Nubian, notably Buhen and Meir.

Biography[edit]

Blackman was born in Dawlish, Devon, the eldest son of Rev. James Henry Blackman and Mary Anne Blackman (née Jacob).[2] He was educated at home and his interest in archaeology was inspired by his father, a keen amateur archaeologist who created archaeological digs by burying home made 'tablets' for his children to discover.[3] Aylward's oldest sister, Winifred Susan Blackman, (1872-1950), also became an Egyptologist.[4] He joined St Paul's School at the age of sixteen and gained a scholarship to study at Queen's College, Oxford. At Oxford, Blackman was a pupil of Francis Llewellyn Griffith, and graduated with a First Class degree in Oriental Studies in 1906.[3]

After graduation, Blackman worked in Nubia as an assistant on Reisner's Archaeological Survey of Nubia, 1907-1908, and the excavation of Buhen by the University of Pennsylvania.[3] Blackman also carried out a survey of the temples of Nubia, including the temples at Biga, Dendur, and Derr.[5] He was unable to complete the survey after he suffered a major attack of Typhoid fever at Gerf Hussein, which affected his health for the rest of his life.[3] Due to his research, Blackman was appointed the Oxford Nubian Research Fellow and assisted Griffith in his excavation of Farras.[5]

Blackman was the Laycock Fellow of Egyptology at Worcester College, Oxford from 1912-1934. During this period he became closely associated with the Egypt Exploration Society and was a member of the Society's committee for many years.[5] On behalf of the Society, he directed the excavation of Meir, (1912-1914, 1921, 1949-1950) and the excavation of Sesebi, Sudan, (1936-1937).[6]

From 1934-1948, he was the Brunner Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool, and taught in the Liverpool Institute of Archaeology. His research during this period was affected by a serious accident in Germany in 1936 which left him hospitalised and a bombing raid in 1941 which destroyed his home and his work place.[3] Despite the set backs, Blackman was able to introduced important changes to the teaching of Egyptology at Liverpool and lead the conversion of the Institute of Archaeology into a properly constituted school of the University.[3] Blackman was also a special lecturer in Egyptology at the University of Manchester, (1936-1948),[5] and the tutor of the Crown Prince of Ethiopia, (1937-1939).[6]

After his retirement in 1948, Blackman returned to Meir for one final season and published his research on the site in 1953.[3] He was elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1953.[3]

He died in 1956 in Abergele.[6]

Works[edit]

  • The temple of Dendur. Cairo: l'Inst. Francais d'Archeologie Orientale. 1911. 
  • The temple of Derr. Cairo: l'Inst. Français d'Archéologie Orientale. 1913. 
  • The temple of Bigeh. Cairo: l'Inst. Francais d' Archeologie Orientale. 1915. 
  • Luxor and its temples. London: A. & C. Black. 1923. 
  • Middle-Egyptian Stories. Brussels: Fondation Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth. 1932. 
  • The Rock Tombs of Meir. London; Boston: Egypt Exploration Fund (Egypt Exploration Society). 1914–1953. 
  • Lloyd, Alan B., ed. (1998). Gods, priests, and men : studies in the religion of pharaonic Egypt. London; New York: Kegan Paul International. ISBN 978-0-7103-0412-4. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Proceedings of the British Academy. Kraus Reprint. 1958. p. 225. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  2. ^ Blackman, David (2012). "Aylward Manley Blackman". The Blackman Family. David Blackman. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Fairman, Herbert Walter (1956). "Aylward Manley Blackman". The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology. Egypt Exploration Society. 42: pp. 102–104. JSTOR http://www.jstor.org/stable/3855130. 
  4. ^ Petch, Alison. "Winifred Susan Blackman". England: the other Within, Analysing the English Collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  5. ^ a b c d Graves, Carl; Kalnoky, Ildiko (2015), Excavating Egypt: Directing a Dig: a guide to the EES dig directors (PDF), The Egypt Exploration Society, retrieved 2016-03-08 
  6. ^ a b c "A. M. Blackman Dead". The New York Times. 1956-03-10.