Aylwin-class destroyer

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USS Aylwin (DD-47).jpg
USS Aylwin (DD-47)
Class overview
Name: Aylwin class destroyer
Operators:  United States Navy
Preceded by: Cassin class destroyer
Succeeded by: O'Brien class destroyer
Built: 1912-14
In commission: 1913-22
Completed: 4
Retired: 4
Preserved: 0
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,036 tons (normal)
1,165 (full load)
Length: 305 ft 3 in (93.04 m)
Beam: 30 ft 4 in (9.25 m)
Draft: 9 ft 5 in (2.87 m)
Propulsion: 4 Normand boilers
2 direct drive Zoelly steam turbines
16,286 hp (12,144 kW)
Speed: 29.6 knots (54.8 km/h)
Capacity: 307 tons/oil (fuel)
Complement: 8 Officers
8 Chief Petty Officers
90 Enlisted
Armament: Four 4 inch/50 caliber (102 mm) guns
Eight 18 inch (457 mm) torpedo tubes (4 × 2)

The Aylwin class was a class of four destroyers in the United States Navy; all served as convoy escorts during World War I. The Aylwins were the second of six "second-generation" 1000-ton four-stack destroyer classes that were front-line ships of the Navy until the 1920s. They were known as "thousand tonners". All were scrapped in 1935 to comply with the London Naval Treaty.[1]

All four ships were built by William Cramp and Sons in Philadelphia.

The ships were built concurrently with the Cassin class and are sometimes considered to be in that class. In design and armament they were essentially repeats of the Cassin class.

Design[edit]

The Aylwins retained the Cassins' armament of four 4 inch (102 mm) Mark 9 guns and eight 18 inch (456 mm) torpedo tubes in twin broadside mounts. Also, as in some Cassins, triple-expansion engines could be clutched to the shafts for economical medium-speed cruising.[2] The class was probably equipped with one or two depth charge racks each for anti-submarine convoy escort missions in World War I.[3]

Ships in class[edit]

The four ships of the Aylwin class were:

Ship Shipyard Laid down Launched Commissioned Decommissioned Fate
USS Aylwin (DD-47) William Cramp & Sons 7 March 1912 23 November 1912 17 January 1914 23 February 1921 Scrapped 1935
USS Parker (DD-48) William Cramp & Sons 11 March 1912 8 February 1913 30 December 1913 6 June 1922 Scrapped 1935
USS Benham (DD-49) William Cramp & Sons 14 March 1912 22 March 1913 20 Jan 1914 7 July 1922 Scrapped 1935
USS Balch (DD-50) William Cramp & Sons 7 May 1912 21 December 1912 26 March 1914 20 June 1922 Scrapped 1935

See also[edit]

Media related to Aylwin class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gardiner, p. 122
  2. ^ Gardiner, p. 122
  3. ^ Friedman, p. 68

External links[edit]