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Aymara may refer to:
In language and people:
- The Aymaran languages, the second most widespread indigenous language lineage of the Andes (c. 2.2 million speakers), after Quechua(n). This is the same family which in older usage was also known by the names Aru or Jaqi.
- The main Aymara language within that family, popularly known as just Aymara (ISO 639-3: ayr). To distinguish it from the other languages in the family, however, it is more specifically referred to as the Altiplano Aymara or Southern Aymara branch of the family.
- Central Aymara, the other surviving branch of the Aymara(n) family, which today includes only the endangered Jaqaru/Kawki language (ISO 639-3: jqr).
- Aymara people, the native ethnic group identified with the speakers of Altiplano Aymara.
- Corazón Aymara (English: Aymara Heart), 1925 Bolivian silent feature film directed by Pedro Sambarino
- Grupo Aymara, Bolivian folk troupe of traditional music of pre-Hispanic and contemporary music of the Andes
- Socialist Aymara Group (Spanish: Grupo Aymara Socialista), left-wing indigenous political group in Bolivia
- Aymaraes Province, largest of seven provinces of the Apurímac Region in Peru
- Aymara Lupaca Reserved Zone is a protected area in southeastern Peru.
- Aymaramyia, genus of crane bird found in Peru
- Anthidium aymara, Chilean species of bee in the family Megachilidae
- Aymara parakeet, alias of grey-hooded parakeet (Psilopsiagon aymara), a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae found in South America
- Hoplias aimara, the wolf fish from South America
- Metriopelia aymara, Latin name of golden-spotted ground dove species of bird in the family Columbidae found in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, and Peru
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