Aymeric Chauprade

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Aymeric Chauprade
MEP
Photo Aymeric Chauprade.jpg
Member of the European Parliament
Assumed office
1 July 2014
Constituency Île-de-France
Personal details
Born (1969-01-13) 13 January 1969 (age 48)
La Ferté-Bernard, France
Nationality French
Political party National Front (2013-2015)
LFL (from 2016)
Alma mater Sciences Po
Paris Descartes University
Aymeric Chauprade
Alma mater Institute of Political Studies (Paris)
Scientific career
Fields Political science, Geopolitics, Geohistory
Influences Fernand Braudel, François Thual
Aymeric Chauprade
Criminal charge People smuggling, aiding escape
Criminal status Pending capture, trial
Motive Violation to the Law No.137-03
Reward amount
US$ 10,000
Capture status
fugitive
Wanted by
INTERPOL Dominican Republic
Partner(s) Christophe Naudin, Pierre Malinoswski, Pascal Jean Fauret Bruno, Armand Victor Odos
Wanted since 22 November 2015

Aymeric Chauprade (born 13 January 1969), is a French writer, political scientist and politician for the independent right wing. He left the National Front on 9 November 2015, mostly for "moral and political" principles. A student and disciple of François Thual,[1] he is an advocate of realpolitik.[2] He was elected to the European Parliament from the National Front for the Île-de-France constituency in the 2014 European Parliament election.[3] The Dominican Republic has issued an international arrest warrant for Chauprade, for helping two French pilots accused of drug trafficking to flee to France.[4] As of today he remains at large and is still wanted by INTERPOL, even if it does not appear on its website due to the demand of the Dominican Republic.[5] France does not extradite its nationals.

Biography[edit]

Career[edit]

Graduating from the Paris Institute of Political Studies in 1993, Chauprade received a Master of International Law degree in 1996 and a doctorate in political science in 2001 from Paris Descartes University.[6] Trained in mathematics,[citation needed] he is a lecturer in geopolitics at the Royal College of Higher Military Education of the Kingdom of Morocco, director of the Revue française de géopolitique (French Review of Geopolitics) and editor of several collections published by Ellipses in Paris (Grands enjeux, Taupe-Niveau and Référence géopolitique). From 2003 to 2009, Chauprade was a lecturer on the history of political ideas at the University of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. He has taught at the Collège interarmées de défense (CID: French Joint Defense College) since 1999, where he oversees geopolitics courses.

Chauprade is a contributor to African historian Bernard Lugan's magazine, L'Afrique réelle (Real Africa), works for Dominique Venner's La Nouvelle Revue d'Histoire and appears on Radio Courtoisie. He dedicated his book, Géopolitique, constantes et changements dans l'histoire (Geopolitics, Constants and Changes in History) to the students at CID. Chauprade is an officer in the French Naval Reserve.[citation needed]

After the publication of his book, Chronique du choc des civilisations ("Chronicle of the Clash of Civilizations" reedited in 2015), Chauprade was accused by French journalist Jean Guisnel[7] of espousing September 11 conspiracy theories. He was always fighting against those allegations which he found false. Chauprade was removed from his chair at the CID by Supervising Minister Hervé Morin in early February 2009.[8][9][10]

During the controversy, Chauprade (who filed a complaint against the Minister and the magazine Le Point) received support from CID students[11] and his former university professor Edmond Jouve.[12] Although CID head Vincent Desportes expressed reservations about Chauprade's writings, Desportes said: "He has never proselytized in his courses or expressed his vision of the world".[13]

A website supporting Chauprade was set up. On 24 March 2009 the Paris Administrative Court ruled in his favour, suspending Morin's decision and saying that the minister had violated a "fundamental freedom".[14][15] On 1 June 2011 the court upheld its ruling, saying that Morin's decision resulted "from an irregular procedure".[16]

Chauprade organized a conference with Jacques Frémeaux and Philippe Evanno in February 2013 at the Sorbonne (University of Paris IV) on threats in North Africa and the Sahel and Europe's overall security (Menaces en Afrique du Nord et au Sahel et sécurité globale de l'Europe), the proceedings of which were published in April 2013 by Ellipses Editions.[17] Since January 2010, he has funded a geopolitical website.[18] He is recognized as one of 100 most important international authors in geopolitics and International relations("Les grands théoriciens des relations intérnationales" 2015, Studyrama).

Geopolitics[edit]

According to Chauprade, he follows a new French geopolitical school emphasizing realpolitik and deemphasizing ideology. Its ideas appear in the Revue française de géopolitique (French Review of Geopolitics) and the International Academy of Geopolitics, of which Chauprade is secretary-general.[19] His geopolitical philosophy follows that of François Thual, and can be found in the introduction to Géopolitique, constantes et changements dans l'histoire.[20]

Chauprade considers Francophonie a cornerstone of French independence and power. A strong supporter of a Europe of nations within European borders (without Turkey), he advocates a political agreement with Russia and supports a multi-polar world with a balanced relationship between China and the United States. Chauprade maintains strong relations with Morocco[21] (where he teaches), and travels regularly to the Middle East, Central Europe, Central Asia, Russia[22] and China.

Civilisations[edit]

According to Jean-Marc Huissoud, Chauprade is considered a founder of the new French geopolitics, describing the "continuous and discontinuous" in his analysis of international questions.[citation needed] Chauprade has said, "France is at war against some Muslims, not at war with the Muslims but with some Muslims".[23] In his interview for ITélé he said that France is better than a race, it's a civilization. Chauprade defends Judeo-Christian roots of Europe.[24]

Politics[edit]

Chauprade supported the list headed by Philippe de Villiers in the 2004 European Parliament election.[25] Chauprade should be the National Front's top candidate in the Île-de-France district for the 2014 European elections and Le Pen's advisor on foreign-policy issues.

In an interview with the French bi-monthly magazine L'Homme nouveau on 27 November 2013, he said that the "ideological bipolarity" separating the world is no longer the one opposing liberalism and communism (which are "two materialisms") but the one opposing "materialism and traditionalism": "On one side are those who believe that the individual is the supreme value, on the other are those who think that transcendence or the common good are superior to the human person".[26] Chauprade's "commitment is clearly in the second camp," and he intends "to participate in a project that not only raises the issue of identity in France, but also raises the problem of materialism and rehabilitates transcendence in politics".

Chauprade defends the multipolar vision of politics which includes peaceful relations with Russia and the USA.

In his ITélé interview of 9 November 2015 Chauprade appealed for the return of Philippe de Villiers and showed a strong desire of work by his side.

Functions[edit]

Aymeric Chauprade was in 2006 a member of the teaching staff of master of geopolitics at Universite Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne.[27] He held the chair of history of political ideas at University of Neuchâtel from 2003 to 2009.

Works[edit]

  • L'espace économique francophone (Francophone (French-speaking) economic area), Paris, Ellipses, 1996.
  • Histoires d'Égypte (Histories of Egypt), Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 1996.
  • Beyrouth éternelle (Eternal Beirut), Paris, Asa Éditions, 1998 (translated in Arabic and English).
  • Dictionnaire de géopolitique (Dictionary of geopolitics) with François Thual, Paris, Ellipses, 2nd edition, 1999.
  • Introduction à l'analyse géopolitique (Introduction to geopolitical analysis), Paris, Ellipses, 1999 (sold out).
  • Les Balkans, la Guerre du Kosovo (en collaboration) (The Balkans, the Kosovo War (in collaboration)), Paris/Lausanne, L'Âge d'Homme, 2000.
  • Géopolitique des États-Unis (culture, intérêts, stratégies) (Geopolitics of the United States (culture, interests, strategies)), Paris, Ellipses, 2003.
  • Une nouvelle géopolitique du pétrole en Afrique (A new geopolitics of oil in Africa).
  • Géopolitique – Constantes et changements dans l'histoire (Geopolitics, constants and changes in history), Paris, Ellipses, 3rd edition 2007.
  • Chronique du choc des civilisations (Chronicle of the Clash of Civilizations), Éditions Chronique, January 2009.
  • L'Iran réel (The real Iran), Paris, Ellipses 2009 (under the direction of Aymeric Chauprade)
  • Chronique du choc des civilisations (Chronicle of the Clash of Civilizations), éditions Chronique, September 2011 (2nd edition completely revised and expanded)
  • Menaces en Afrique du Nord et au Sahel et sécurité globale de l'Europe (en collaboration avec Jacques Frémeaux et Philippe Evanno) (Threats in North Africa and in the Sahel and overall security of Europe), Ellipses, April 2013
  • Chronique du choc des civilisations, éditions Chronique, September 2013 (3rd edition updated and expanded)
  • Prévention des crises et promotion de la paix (Crisis Prevention and Peacebuilding), volume 3 (in collaboration), under the direction of Jean-Pierre Vettovaglia, preface by Abdou Diouf, éditions Emile Bruylant, October 2013

Other publications[edit]

  • L'immigration extra-européenne, un défi majeur pour l'Union européenne (Non-European Immigration, a major challenge for the European Union), study for the Thomas-More Institute, July 2006 read online

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jean Sévillia, Le poids des civilisations dans l'histoire, Le Figaro, 6 February 2009.
  2. ^ " Les frontières de l'Europe : pour un retour au réalisme géopolitique " Revue politique et parlementaire, no. 1036, July–August–September 2005, p. 116.
  3. ^ En Ile-de-France, l'UMP nettement devant le FN (in French) Le Point. 26 May 2014
  4. ^ "Dominican Republic issues warrants over fugitive French pilots". BBC. 23 November 2015. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ La géopolitique : genèse d'une science politique, déterminants et modèles explicatifs, sous la direction d'Edmond Jouve, cf. identifiant pérenne notice Sudoc
  7. ^ « Chauprade, l'homme qui forme les officiers et déforme l'histoire », Jean Guisnel Le Point, 4 February 2009.
  8. ^ « Hervé Morin congédie un géopoliticien suite à un article du Point », Jean Guisnel Le Point, 5 February 2009.
  9. ^ « Morin limoge un gradé pour ses propos sur le 11 September », Le Nouvel Observateur, 5 February 2009.
  10. ^ « 11/9/complot : Morin limoge un prof », Le Figaro, 5 February 2009.
  11. ^ « Un enseignant du Collège interarmées de Défense congédié par Hervé Morin », par Jean-Dominique Merchet, Secret défense, 5 February 2009.
  12. ^ Article sur le blog d'Edmond Jouve, 12 February 2009.
  13. ^ « Affaire Chauprade : le géopoliticien attaque Hervé Morin en justice », AgoraVox, 17 February 2009.
  14. ^ Le Figaro du 24 March 2009
  15. ^ Juritel. "La Jurisprudence gratuite en ligne (Juritel - Droit de l'internet, informations legales, contrats,..)". juritel.com. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  16. ^ « La justice donne raison à Aymeric Chauprade contre le ministère de la Défense » Archived 29 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine., par Jean-Dominique Merchet, Secret défense, 28 June 2011
  17. ^ "Menaces en Afrique du Nord et au Sahel et sécurité globale de l`Europe - Actes de colloque". editions-ellipses.fr. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  18. ^ "Realpolitik.tv, la géopolitique sur le net, depuis 2010. Site fondé par Aymeric Chauprade". realpolitik.tv. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  19. ^ Jean-Marc Huissoud, Dictionnaire de géopolitique et de géoéconomie, sous la direction de Pascal Gauchon, PUF, 2011.
  20. ^ André Brigot, " Rejets et nécessité d'une géographie politique européenne Archived 13 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ", Le Débat Stratégique, 47, 1999 et " Persistance et utilité des recherches de géopolitique Archived 13 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ", Revue Québécoise – Études internationales, 2000.
  21. ^ Le nouveau visage terroriste du Polisario
  22. ^ "Conférence d'Aymeric Chauprade à Moscou, Mardi 18 mars 2014". alexandrelatsa.ru. Retrieved 15 August 2015. 
  23. ^ La France est en guerre, YouTube, 15 January 2015
  24. ^ Tirs Croisés - L'invité politique de Laurence Ferrari , 9 November 2015
  25. ^ "Je voudrais saluer également et dans le même esprit, Aymeric Chauprade. Vous avez bien compris qu'Aymeric Chauprade, qui est le directeur des études de l'école de Guerre, a décidé de descendre dans l'arène. Il est connu sur les plateaux de télévision pour ses interventions de géopolitologue, il nous a apporté un message d'espoir exprimé brillamment. Je le remercie parce que, pour ceux qui ne le sauraient pas, il est reconnu non-seulement dans tous les milieux intellectuels, mais aussi bien au-delà par toutes les sensibilités souverainistes. On en a eu la preuve ce matin. Et merci de faire le lien avec toutes les sensibilités souverainistes qui vous reconnaissent et vous écoutent. " Philippe de Villiers, " L'agenda 2004 du souverainisme[permanent dead link] ", Université d'été du souverainisme, Lamoura, 7 September 2003.
  26. ^ – Aymeric Chauprade : l’ennemi, c’est la dictature du relativisme. L'Homme nouveau, 27 November 2013
  27. ^ "M2-Master de Géographie de l'université de Paris 1 et de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, Spécialité Professionnelle " GEOPOLITIQUE "" (PDF). Univ-paris1.fr. Retrieved 2015-08-16. 

External links[edit]