|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Products||Motion pictures, home video (VHS, CD, DVD, Blu-ray), computer software|
Ayngaran (Tamil: ஐங்கரன்) is a film distribution and production company of Tamil films, based in the United Kingdom. The company has distributed various Indian-produced Tamil films in Europe, North America and Australia. It is also responsible for the production of Tamil films into home media, such as VHS, DVD, and Blu-ray disc. They also operate a chain of retail video stores located in Canada, France and Singapore. The largest retail store is located in Toronto, Canada. The company was named after Lord Ganesha, a popular Hindu deity, who also has a name 'Ayngaran', meaning 'one who has five arms, including his trunk'.
- 1987: Ayngaran International was established to distributing films.
- 1990: Started selling music, film and entertainment cassettes.
- 1996: Started film production.
- 1998: Started selling music, film and entertainment cassettes in CD & DVD format.
- 2001: Started retail business in May 2001.
- 2008: Ayngaran TV in collaboration with Kalaingar TV was inaugurated on 16 June 2008.
Ayngaran International made their first foray into film production with the 1996 horror film, Karuppu Roja directed by Aabavanan, but the venture's failure prompted them to prioritise European distribution ventures. In 2006, Ayngaran International entered into a joint venture with Eros International and announced plans to begin producing and distributing films on a larger scale. Their first distribution venture as a joint venture, Shankar's Rajinikanth-starrer Sivaji, became a very profitable venture and soon after, Ayngaran announced plans to begin producing films. Subsequently, it was announced that they would produce the director and actor's next collaboration, Enthiran (2010), dubbed as the most expensive Tamil film ever made, along with Eros International. However, in December 2008, Eros International withdrew from the joint venture after financial difficulties caused by the box-office failure of Drona (2008) and Yuvvraaj (2008), while Ayngaran International itself, struggled with the global financial crisis of 2008. The film's production and release rights were consequently sold on to Sun Pictures, who released the film.
After enjoying success as the worldwide co-distributors of the Ajith Kumar-starrer Billa (2007), they signed the actor on to appear in their production Aegan (2008), which was directed by Raju Sundaram. Simultaneously they produced Prabhu Deva's Villu (2009) with Vijay in the lead role, but both films did not perform well commercially. The failure of both their big-budget films and their other venture Vishnuvardhan's Sarvam (2009), coupled with their withdrawal from Enthiran, put the release of several of their other projects into doubt. While smaller films like Peranmai (2009) and Angadi Theru (2010) managed to release and perform well at the box office, other ventures including Mysskin's Nandalala (2010) and Murattu Kaalai (2012) experienced severe delays as a result of financial restraints. Likewise Ayngaran's films shot in the late 2000s like the Jai-starrer Arjunan Kadhali, the Jeevan-starrer Krishnaleelai and the Prabhu Deva-starrer Kalavaadiya Pozhuthugal remain unreleased, while projects such as the A. R. Rahman musical, Kadhir's Manavar Dhinam with Vinay, were shelved after being launched.
The studio continued distributing films throughout the 2010s and made a return to production through Kaththi (2014), which was co-produced by Lyca Productions. The success of the film meant that Ayngaran International were actively looking to make a return to the film industry, and announced that they would finance Anand Shankar's Marma Manithan with Vikram and Kajal Aggarwal in the lead roles. However, subsequently they opted against making the film and the project was taken up by different producers.
The company has two owned channels which are Ayngaran TV basically programs adopted from Kalaingar TV and Ayngaran Plus which is based on Jayatv program.
The company first started to produce and distribute films, customized home videos (such as Isai Thendral), and soundtrack albums in these formats. Ayngaran VHS films did not have subtitles. VHS distribution stopped when DVD use began.
The company started distributing films in 1987 and started producing movies in 1996. It also produces and releases certain entertainment videos, namely:
- Digital Isai Thendral - Also known as Isai Thendral on VHS. It is a collection of video songs from new films. It is released in volumes.
- Hits of (Actor's/singer's/musician's name goes here) - Songs that star a specific lead actor/actress, singer or musician. Example: Hits of Vijay or Hits of Ajith.
- Comedy Kadambam - A collection of comedy scenes from the latest films. This is also released in volumes.
In 1998 Ayngaran International, under the supervision of Sunny Audit, began releasing Tamil movies on DVD in their original aspect ratio, with proper anamorphic enhancement. This practise was soon followed by other Indian distributors and has become the norm of Indian home video releases. Ayngaran also introduced the higher quality DTS audio codec and progressive encoding to the Indian home entertainment scene.
Ayngaran produces multiple soundtrack albums for the same film. They normally have more than one album on the same audio CD. The different combinations for an audio CD are:
- 2 or more newly released movies (e.g. songs of Pokkiri and Aalwar)
- 1 newly released movie and a selection of songs from older movies (e.g. Guru and Hits of A.R. Rahman)
- 1 newly released movie and another with the same lead actor (e.g. Sivaji: The Boss and Chandramukhi)
Some audio albums contain random selected songs released at a time period and is given a special name, such as Konja Neram Konja Neram released in 2005.
The discs are the first of its kind to be made directly from the DPX source, without further compression from tape based formats like HDcamSR. This process is currently only Ayngaran & AP International supervised by Shahran Sunny Audit and encoded by AP International.
Ayngaran introduced the six track DTS sound system to Indian Cinema Industry through their inaugural production feature Karuppu Roja in 1996.
|1996||Karuppu Roja||Ramki, Vinitha|
|2008||Mayabazaar||Thomas Sebastian||Mammootty, Tisca Chopra|
|Aegan||Raju Sundaram||Ajith Kumar, Nayantara|
|2009||Villu||Prabhu Deva||Vijay, Nayantara|
|Sarvam||Vishnuvardhan||Arya, Trisha Krishnan|
|Peranmai||S. P. Jananathan||Jayam Ravi, Roland Kickinger|
|2010||Angadi Theru||Vasanthabalan||Mahesh, Anjali, A. Venkatesh|
|Nandalala||Myshkin||Myshkin, Ashwath Ram, Snigdha Akolkar|
|2012||Murattu Kaalai||K. Selva Bharathy||Sundar C., Sneha, Sindhu Tolani|
|2014||Kaththi||AR Murugadoss||Vijay, Samantha, Neil Nitin Mukesh|
- Kumar, S. Suresh (30 December 2008). "Hollywood dreams". Mid Day. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "The Journey: From Robot to Endhiran — Hurdles and setbacks!". Behindwoods. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Sun Pictures to produce Rajni's Endhiran". Rediff.com. 18 December 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.