12 March 1937|
Oshodi, Lagos State, Nigeria
|Died||23 September 1984(aged 47)|
|Occupation||Mechanical engineer, social activist, author|
Ayodele Oluwatuminu Awojobi (12 March 1937 – 23 September 1984), also known by the nicknames "Dead Easy", "The Akoka Giant", and "Macbeth", was a Nigerian academic, author, inventor, social crusader and activist. He was considered a scholarly genius by his teachers and peers alike. He quickly advanced in his field to become the youngest professor in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Lagos, Nigeria in 1974. Earlier the same year, he became the first African to be awarded the degree of Doctor of Science (DSc) in Mechanical Engineering at the then Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (now Imperial College London) – a degree only exceptionally and rarely awarded to a scholar under the age of 40.
His research papers, particularly in the field of vibration, are still cited by international research fellows in Engineering as lately as the year 2011, and are archived by such publishers as the Royal Society.
Born in Oshodi, Lagos State, Awojobi's father, Chief Daniel Adekoya Awojobi, was a stationmaster at the Nigerian Railway who hailed from Ikorodu in Lagos State. His mother, Comfort Bamidele Awojobi (née Adetunji), was a petty trader who hailed from Modakeke, Ile-Ife, Osun State. Between 1942 and 1947, he attended St. Peter's Primary School, Faji, Lagos.
It was while at his secondary school, the CMS Grammar School, Lagos, that his academic traits began to manifest. Not only was he seen to be gifted in mathematics and the sciences, he was comfortable also in the arts, becoming a member of the school's literary and debating society. It was during this period that he earned the nickname, "Macbeth": William Shakespeare's famous play, Macbeth, was to be staged in the school. The lead actor took ill a week before, and so Ayodele was called upon to play the lead role in his stead. It is said that not only did Ayodele master his lines as lead actor, but also the entire play, such that he was able to prompt the cast whenever they forgot their lines.
Ayodele was a straight-A's secondary school student, while at the CMS Grammar school, passing his West African School Certificate examinations with a record eight distinctions in 1955. He proceeded to the Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology, Ibadan, for his General Certificate of Examinations, GCE (Advanced Level), where in 1958 he sat for, and obtained distinctions in all his papers: Physics, Pure Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. In 1962 Awojobi was awarded his first degree in Mechanical Engineering – a BSc (Eng) London, with first class honours, at the then Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology, Zaria (now Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria). He had studied there on a federal government scholarship won on the merit of his performance in the GCE (Advanced-level) examinations of 1958.
It was said by Akintola Ajai (himself an engineering graduate of the University of London), that when Awojobi arrived at the Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology, Zaria, he boasted openly saying that it was his intention to finish the whole course within a period of three years only; an impracticable feat due to the fact that nowhere was the BSc Mechanical Engineering curriculum designed to run less than four years. Ayodele accomplished it in three years just as he had predicted.
The federal government awarded Awojobi another scholarship in 1962 to study further at the post-graduate level in the field of Mechanical Engineering at the Imperial College of the University of London (now Imperial College London). He completed the course, successfully defending his thesis, and was awarded a PhD in Mechanical Engineering in 1966.
Landmark degree award
After a period teaching at the University of Lagos, he returned to the Imperial College London for a research study in the field of Vibration, and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Science, DSc. He was the first African to be awarded the Doctor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering, at the Imperial College London.
The first university to admit an individual to this degree was in fact the University of London in 1860.
The status of the degree has declined, however, because it is not widely understood but in former times the doctorate in science was regarded as a greater distinction than a professorial chair. It is in fact a higher tier of research doctorates, awarded on the basis of a formally submitted portfolio of published research of a very high standard.
To have received the award at the age of 37 is significant, more so as the degree is only exceptionally and rarely awarded to a scholar under the age of 40.
On his return from England in 1966 Awojobi enrolled as a lecturer in the Faculty of Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka. His teaching methods endeared him to his engineering students, whose public chants: "Dead easy... Dead easy...", would often be heard shouted in his direction as he went along the campus grounds. He quickly rose in the ranks among his colleagues and would later become the Head of Department, Mechanical Engineering, University of Lagos.
Awojobi went back to London to study for his Doctorate. He returned in 1974 and was made an associate professor in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Lagos. However, one week after having been appointed associate professor, the University of Lagos Senate, after receiving news that Awojobi had just been awarded the degree of Doctor of Science (DSc), immediately appointed him professor in Mechanical Engineering, making him the youngest professor in the Faculty of Engineering, University of Lagos and the first ever to be expressly promoted from associate to full professorship within a week.
By nature, Ayodele Awojobi was a teacher. He imparted knowledge at various other levels, even as he contended with his day job as a full-time professor and university lecturer. He envisaged his country as a whole becoming more advanced, technologically – this was exemplified when he refused lucrative offers from commercial outfits for his Autonov 1 invention, he rather preferring to preserve his design for his country's future benefit.
He engaged with great educators of his, and earlier generations, such as the late nationalist and Yoruba leader, Obafemi Awolowo (who forwarded several of Ayodele's educational books), the late activist, social crusader and educator, Tai Solarin, and the once Lagos State governor, Lateef Kayode Jakande, who achieved free education at all educational levels in Lagos State, Nigeria. Jakande believed in Awolowo's visionary ideas about the way forward for the nation, particularly in Awolowo's resounding theme of qualitative and quantitative education across the nation, free of over-bearing school fees.
Ayodele Awojobi became, at one time, the chairman, Lagos State School's Management Board, out of his concern for ways to better improve the problems inherent in secondary school education in Lagos State, Nigeria. He desired that all his children go to public schools. The older ones all did. Such was his vision and hope that the country would some day attain equitable distribution in the quality of education cutting across different social strata. He authored several books for both the secondary and tertiary levels of education in Nigeria.
His natural propensity to inform, to educate, drove him to become, in the early 1970s, a quiz-master on national television. The quiz-show, Mastermind, consisted of weekly contestants taking turns in isolation on "the hot-seat", whereupon various categories of questions would be thrown at them. Otunba Gbenga Daniel, former governor of Ogun State, Nigeria, was a returning winner and champion on Mastermind for several episodes over; he being in his undergraduate years at the time.
He tinkered further with motor engines when he acquired an army-type jeep and proceeded to invent a second steering-wheel mechanism, adjoined to the pre-existing engine at the rear end, so that the vehicle was able to move in both forward and backward directions with all four pre-existing gears. This gave the hybrid vehicle, which he christened Autonov 1, the ability to achieve its highest speeds at a moment's notice, in the normal reverse direction. He highlighted the advantage this might offer to army vehicles, as an example, that might need to make a fast retreat, in a cul-de-sac or ambush situation.
Ayodele Awojobi, in the wake of the presidential election results that returned the incumbent, Shehu Shagari as President in the Second Nigerian Republic, became very vocal in the national newspapers and magazines, going as far as suing the Federal Government of Nigeria for what he strongly believed was a widespread election rigging. With all his court cases against the Nigerian government thrown out of court, he delved into the law books, himself being only a mechanical engineer, claiming that he would earn his law degrees in record time, to enable him better argue with the opposition at the federal courts. He used the universities as a bastion, going from campus to campus to make speeches at student-rallies, hoping to sensitise them to what he perceived as the ills of a corrupt government. Ayodele Awojobi authored several political books over the course of his ideological struggles against a perceived, corrupt federal government. These books were usually made available during his public rallies or symposiums.
Any intention Ayodele Awojobi ever had of entering partisan politics, was revealed by the man himself when he spoke on national television, saying: "At the age of 65, I will have built the infrastructure. There would be very few illiterates in Nigeria when I mount the soapbox. Then, I will go into proper politics".
Ayodele Awojobi died in the morning of Sunday, 23 September 1984, at the age of 47. His death made headline news in most of the national newspapers for days following and he was laid to rest at Ikorodu Cemetery, Lagos. He was survived by his wife, Mrs Iyabode Mabel Awojobi (née Odetunde), and children.
Usually every year till date, a tribute or two in Ayodele's honour would be published in the form of an article in a national newspaper, such as the one published by The Nation on 5 November 2009, entitled "Tribute to Ayodele Awojobi". In October 2009, the governor of Lagos State Babatunde Fashola dedicated a statue of Awojobi at Onike Roundabout, Yaba, Lagos, in a garden named after him. On 23 September 2010, Birrel Street – a prominent street in Yaba Local Government Council Area – was renamed "Prof. Ayodele Awojobi Avenue", a further tribute to Awojobi's memory.
List of publications
- Vibration of rigid bodies on semi-infinite elastic media – A. O. Awojobi, P. Grootenhuis, 1965
- Plane strain and axially symmetric problems of a linearly non-homogeneous elastic half-space – A. O. Awojobi, R. E. Gibson, 1973
- Vibration of rigid bodies on non-homogeneous semi-infinite elastic media – A. O. Awojobi, 1973
- Torsional vibration of a rigid circular body on an infinite elastic stratum – A. O. Awojobi, 1969
- Torsional vibration of a rigid circular body on a non-homogeneous elastic stratum – A. O. Awojobi, 1973
- Vertical vibration of rigid bodies with rectangular bases on elastic media – A. O. Awojobi, P. H. Tabiowo
- Factors in the design of ultrasonic probes – W. M. R. Smith, A. O. Awojobi, 1979
- Determination of the dynamic shear modulus and the depth of the dominant layer of a vibrating elastic medium – A. O. Awojobi, 1970
- Ground vibrations due to seismic detonation in oil exploration – A. O. Awojobi, O. A. Sobayo, 1974
- Vertical vibrations of a rigid circular body on a non-homogeneous half-space interrupted by a frictionless plane – A. O. Awojobi
- Technical Drawing for Secondary Schools. A. O. Awojobi
- 325 Worked Examples in Intermediate Mechanics. A. O. Awojobi
- Notes and Worked Examples in Physics. A. O. Awojobi
- Engineering Drawing. A. O. Awojobi
- Ayodele Awojobi (1976). Nigeria in search of a social order. Nigerian Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- Ayodele Awojobi (1980). Nigeria today. J. West Publications. ISBN 978-163-008-6.
- Ayodele Awojobi (1981). Nigeria in search of a political order. J. West Publications. ISBN 978-163-013-2.
- Where our oil money has gone by A. Awojobi, 1982
- "UNILAG remembers Professor ‘Dead Easy". The Nation. 18 July 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- The New Who's Who in Nigeria. Nigerian International Biographical Centre. ISBN 978-34466-1-4.
- Kayode Komolafe (3 December 2005). "Political Overview of Awojobi's ideas". Nigerian muse (ThisDay). Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Kayode Aboyeji (27 October 2009). "25 years after, Lagos dedicates park to Prof. 'Dead Easy' Awojobi". Nigerian Compass. Retrieved 23 December 2009.[dead link]
- Sylvester Asoya (14 July 2008). "A Genius Remembered". The News Magazine. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- "Google Scholar list of papers by AO Awojobi". Google. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- A. O. Awojobi and P. Grootenhuis. "Vibration of Rigid Bodies on Semi-Infinite Elastic Media". Royal Society. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Ambassador Dapo Fafowora (5 November 2009). "Tribute to Ayodele Awojobi (1937–84)". The Nation. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Tunde Olaopa (9 June 2013). "The Nigerian Technological Context and the Ayodele Awojobi Legacy". ThisDay Live. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Francis Michael Longstreth Thompson, The University of London and the World of Learning, 1836–1986, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1990, pp. xiii and xiv. ISBN 978-1-85285-032-6
- Sylvester Asoya (14 July 2008). "A Genius Remembered". The News (Nigeria). Retrieved 23 December 2009.[dead link]
- YINKA OLUJIMI, YEMI OGUNSOLA AND MUYIWA ADEYEMI (24 May 2003). "'I Disobeyed My Father To Go into Politics'". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- Tunde Alao and Kamal Tayo Oropo (21 October 2009). "Lagos immortalises Professor Ayodele Awojobi". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 December 2009.[dead link]
- "I am in a state of shock, says man who invented Nigeria's first car". Sun News Publishing. 10 April 2006. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 23 December 2009.
- CHIOMA OBIOHA (28 October 2009). "Fashola immortalise Prof Awojobi". Champion Newspapers. Retrieved 23 December 2009.[dead link]
- Olu Akeredolu (1 January 2010). "Professor Ayodele Awojobi, the self advocate". Nigerian Village Square. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- Plane Strain And Axially Symmetric Problems Of A Linearly Nonhomogeneous Elastic Half-Space
- Vibration Of Rigid Bodies On Non-Homogeneous Semi-Infinite Elastic Media
- "Torsional vibration of a rigid circular body on an infinite elastic stratum". International Journal of Solids and Structures 5: 369–378. doi:10.1016/0020-7683(69)90019-5.
- Torsional Vibration Of A Rigid Circular Body On A Non-Homogeneous Elastic Stratum
- Vertical vibration of rigid bodies with rectangular bases on elastic media – Awojobi – 2006 – Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics – Wiley Online Library
- Factors in the design of ultrasonic probes
- Ground vibrations due to seismic detonation in oil exploration – Awojobi – 2007 – Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics – Wiley Online Library
- Vertical vibrations of a rigid circular body on a non-homogeneous half-space interrupted by a frictionless plane – Awojobi – 2005 – International Journal for Numerical and Ana...
- Where our oil money has gone (Open Library)