Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers' College
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|Founder||Raúl Isidro Burgos|
|Dean||José Luis Hernández Rivera|
|Nickname||Escuela Normal Rural de Ayotzinapa|
Raúl Isidro Burgos Rural Teachers’ College, best known as Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College, is a higher level institution for men only, located in Ayotzinapa, in the municipality of Tixtla in the Mexican state of Guerrero. It is part of the rural teacher’s school system that was created as part of an ambitious mass education plan implemented by the state in the 1920s. Moisés Sáenz was the head of the Secretariat of Public Education at the time of the college's creation. The project for rural teachers' colleges had a strong component of social transformation, which has made it a hotbed for social movements. In that sense, Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College is of high importance because it is where important figures like Lucio Cabañas Barrientos and Genaro Vázquez Rojas were educated and later on were the ones to lead important guerrilla movements in Mexico during the 20th century.
The Rural Isidro Burgos Teachers’ College offers licensing to students that want to work in the elementary education system. The college is regulated by the educational standards that rule the state of Guerrero and in all of Mexico. According to a survey made by the State's Secretariat of Public Education of Guerrero, in Ayotzinapa there were 532 students, served by 6 Technical Support workers. The students are all male. The students come primarily from poor families that live in areas with the lowest human development indexes in Mexico and areas with a high illiteracy rate.
Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers’ College was founded in 1926 by the Secretariat of Public Education in Mexico, directed by Moisés Sáenz. These colleges were based on the ideals of taking education to smaller towns, an idea proposed by José Vasconcelos, the Mexican Secretary of Education at the time. In Ayotzinapa College’s classrooms, important figures like Lucio Cabañas Barrientos, Genaro Vázquez Rojas and Othón Salazar were educated. Cabañas was a leader of the Party of the Poor (Mexico), a guerrilla organization with a notable presence in the southeast of Guerrero. Because of this history of social leaders, Ayotzinapa Teachers’ College is considered a hot bed for guerrilla conflict. Every year the students at this college get together and go to the capital city of their state, Chilpancingo, to ask for a solution to their needs through things like protests and demonstrations. Among other things, they ask for renovations in their institution and a revision of the budget assigned for students’ on-campus living.
|Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers' College attack|
|Location||Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, Mexico|
|Date||September 26, 2014|
|Bus hijacking, mass kidnapping, mass murder|
On the night of September 26, 2014 a group of students from this institution hijacked some buses hoping that they could participate on the demonstrations of October 2 in Mexico City. Allegedly, elements from the municipal police of Iguala and members of the criminal organization Guerreros Unidos attacked the group of students under the command of José Luis Abarca Velázquez, the mayor of Iguala. This event turned out to be rather significant with the disappearance of 43 students, 6 dead people, and 25 injured. The news of this attack shocked world public opinion. Numerous international and human rights organizations have urged the Mexican State for a further in depth investigation and punishment to the authors of these crimes. On October 9 the guerrilla group ERPI, Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo Insurgente (People’s Insurgent Revolutionary Army), announced the creation of Brigada de ajusticiamiento 26 de Septiembre and declared this brigade united against the murder of these students. On January 27, 2015 the Attorney General of Mexico notified about their advances on the investigation on the missing students, clarifying that it was basically an inside job between Guerreros Unidos and the PRD mayor in Iguala, José Luis Abarca. The students were kidnapped, murdered, incinerated and the ashes thrown into a river. According to the official version from the National Attorney, the rival group of Guerreros Unidos: Los Rojos, along with the Dean of Ayotzinapa’s Teachers’ College, had encouraged the students to go on the demonstrations against the mayor of Iguala. Due to the confusion and the uncertainty about whether or not they were students or members of their rival group Los Rojos, or a mix of both, the Guerreros Unidos cartel decided to just execute these students as they usually would with antagonistic groups and were supported by PRD’s authorities in Iguala, given the constant revolts from the students and their frequent protests.
- State Education Secretariat of the state of Guerrero
- Johnson, McCaltchy, Tim. "At college of missing Mexican students, history of revolutionary zeal". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Tadashi Suarez, Victor. "Ayotzinapa graduate: I'd be a dishwasher in US if not for this school". Aljazeera America. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Taylor, Alan. "Mexico's Missing 43". The Atlantic Photo. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Conn, Clayton. "Rights Experts Say Ayotzinapa Case Was "Enforced Disappearance"". telesur. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
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43 normalistas de Ayotzinapa.