Ayr (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Ayr in Scotland for the 1997 general election
|Subdivisions of Scotland||Ayrshire|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Ayr, Carrick & Cumnock |
|Created from||Ayr District of Burghs|
Ayr was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1950 to 2005. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.
1974 to 1983: The civil parishes of Ayr (except rural area around Ayr Hospital), Prestwick, Tarbolton and Symington.
1997 to 2005: The 1995 South Ayrshire electoral wards of Dundonald; East Kyle; Fort; Lochside and Craigie; Heathfield; Kingscase; Newton; Seafield; St Cuthbert's; St Nicholas; Troon Central; Troon East; Troon West; Wallacetown and Whitletts, covering Dundonald, Loans, Monkton, Prestwick, Symington, Tarbolton, Troon and the north and west of Ayr. This change led to a substantial alteration in the demographic of the constituency with the Labour Party being the prime beneficiaries.
2005 onwards: In 2005 the constituency was divided between the Central Ayrshire and Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock constituencies. This had a significant impact on the Conservative party by dividing their support in Ayr, Prestwick and Troon into two separate, predominantly Labour-voting constituencies, neither of which attained any considerable level of support for the Conservatives to match that of the Labour party. The town of Ayr joined two-thirds of the former Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley constituency to form Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock, with the remaining portion of the former Ayr constituency (based in Prestwick, Troon, Dundonald and Loans) joining Irvine, Annbank, Auchincruive, east Kilwinning and the remainder of Kyle to form Central Ayrshire.
At the Scottish Parliament the Ayr constituency has existed since the creation of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. The constituency retained the same boundaries as that of the former Ayr constituency at Westminster (1997-2005) until the 2011 First Periodic Review of Scottish Parliament Boundaries. The constituency is currently composed of the electoral wards of Ayr West, Ayr East, Ayr North, Prestwick and Troon, covering the towns of Ayr, Prestwick and Troon. The constituency has been represented by Conservative MSP John Scott since a by-election in 2000.
Constituency profile and voting patterns
Members of Parliament
|1950||constituency created, see Ayr Burghs and South Ayrshire|
|1950||Sir Thomas Moore, Bt.||Conservative||Previously MP for Ayr Burghs|
|1964||George Younger||Conservative||Later Viscount Younger of Leckie; Cabinet minister 1979-89|
|1992||Phil Gallie||Conservative||Later an MSP for South of Scotland 1999-2007|
|1997||Sandra Osborne||Labour||First female MP to represent Ayr|
Subsequently MP for Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock
|2005||constituency abolished, see Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock and Central Ayrshire
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||J M Janet Auld||15,702||41.66|
|Labour||J M Janet Auld||13,866||40.94|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Charles E O'Halloran||19,504||49.39|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour Co-op||James Craigen||17,770||42.13|
|Labour||Robin S. Stewart||14,268||34.6||−4.0|
|SNP||Elizabeth Ann Robinson||6,902||16.7||+5.6|
|Liberal||Neil Murray Tosh||2,611||6.3||N/A|
|Liberal||Richard McDougal Mabon||4,656||10.7||+4.4|
Elections in the 1980s
In 1987 Ayr became the most marginal Westminster constituency in Scotland and the fourth most marginal constituency in the United Kingdom, being won by Conservative George Younger by 182 votes.
Elections in the 1990s
In 1992 Ayr remained the most marginal constituency in Scotland and fourth most marginal constituency in the United Kingdom, being won by Conservative Phil Gallie with a majority of 85 votes.
|Liberal Democrats||John Boss||4,067||7.5||−7.3|
|Natural Law||Richard B. Scott||132||0.2||N/A|
In 1997 the boundaries of the Ayr seat were altered. Below is the notional result from the 1992 general election using the 1997 boundaries.
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrats||Clare Hamblen||2,116||4.7||−2.8|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Stuart Richie||2,089||5.4||+0.7|
|Scottish Socialist||James Stewart||692||1.8||N/A|
- 'Initial Review of UK Parliament Constituencies (1950-1955) Ayr county constituency'
- 'First Review of UK Parliament Constituencies (1955-1974) Ayr county constituency'
- 'Second Review of UK Parliament Constituencies (1974-1983) Ayr county constituency'
- 'Third Review of UK Parliament Constituencies (1983 - 1997) Ayr county constituency'
- 'Fourth Review of UK Parliament Constituencies (1997-2005) Ayr county constituency'
- 'Boundary Commission for Scotland UK Parliament 2005 onwards Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock county constituency'
- 'Boundary Commission for Scotland UK Parliament 2005 onwards Central Ayrshire county constituency'
- 'Boundary Commission for Scotland First Periodic Review of Scottish Parliament Boundaries Recommended Scottish Parliament constituencies Ayr County Constituency'
- Whitaker's Almanack 1963
- Whitaker's Almanack 1977
- Whitaker's Almanack 1977
- The Times Guide to the House of Commons June 1983. London: Times Books Ltd. 1983. p. 119. ISBN 0 7230 0255 X.
- Whitaker's Almanack 1977
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/boundaries-4th-review/ '4th Boundary Review (1997)'
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.