The house, currently a museum, was built for a local wool merchant, traditionally supposed to be Richard Ailwyn (or Aldwyn) in the fifteenth century. A dendrological study of the roof timbers reveal that the house was built in one phase, with a completion date of the majority of the present building in 1451. Richard Ailwyn's son, Sir Nicholas Ailwyn, a member of the Mercers' Company, became Lord Mayor of London in 1499. The house is substantially unchanged from that period, and would be recognisable to a visitor from the fifteenth century.
The Hall was reputed to have belonged to the Ayscough (Askew, Ainscough) family in the early part of the 16th century - Fee referring to the Knight's Fee or living from the property. Early records name the house as Ayscough Fee Hall. A grant of land at Spalding was made to Sir William Ayscough (1490–1541) by Henry VIII. E. H. Gooch writes about "Ayscoughfee Hall" in his book "The History of Spalding", 1940.
In the seventeenth century, the Hall passed into the Johnson family. The most notable Johnson was the second Maurice Johnson, known as "the Antiquary" (1688–1755), who founded the Spalding Gentlemen's Society (the second oldest antiquarian society still in existence) in 1710. Maurice Johnson was a good friend of the more famous local antiquarian William Stukeley.
Museum and civic amenity
When the last occupant left in 1896, the Hall & Gardens were bought on behalf of the people of Spalding as a memorial of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee, and was handed over to the town "free of debt" on 9 August 1902 in celebration of the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. Now a museum and civic amenity, the house was also used as a primary school for a number of years during the 20th century.
Some of the features of the 5-acre (20,000 m2) gardens were reputedly laid out by William Sands in the early eighteenth century, and are still visible. The gardens include many fine features, including tall yew hedges, an early ice-house, and a fine ornamental lake. At the end of which sits the Spalding War Memorial (opened in 1922) which was designed by Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens and became Grade I listed in 2015. Other features include a bowling green, tennis courts, aviary and a café. A rustic bandstand, built to commemorate the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, was built in 1937 but was destroyed by arsonists in the early 1970s. The Friends of Ayscoughfee still arrange summer concerts on the south lawn during the summer months.
With Heritage Lottery Fund backing, and commitment from South Holland District Council, the Hall was closed in 2003 for a complete sympathetic restoration. The Hall was officially re-opened to the public as a museum and community facility on Friday 30 June 2006, by Dr Jonathan Clark, of the University of York.  The Hall has recently started to develop events, including theatrical performances, craft fairs, etc. and is licensed for civil wedding ceremonies.
- Historic England (25 January 2012). "Ayscoughee Hall (Grade I) (1359532)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- "Ayscoughee Hall (leaflet)" (PDF). SouTh Holland District Council. 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- Glenn, Charles; Taylor, Gary (July 1999). "Historical survey of Ayscoughee Hall" (PDF). Archaeological Project Services. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- "Local Authority web page". South Holland District Council. 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- Gooch, E.H. (1940). the History of Spalding.
- The oldest being the Oxford Ashmolean, "web history of society".
- "Spalding Gentlemen's Society".
- Historic England. "War memorial (Grade II) (1064002)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- Historic England. "Park and Gardens (Grade II) (1000969)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
- Article by Anderson and Glenn, the Project Managers and Conservation Architects for the restoration: http://www.andersonandglenn.com/index.php?page=test2
- Pevsner, N; Harris, John (1964). Lincolnshire. The Buildings of England.
- Pursglove, Rosylyn (October 1994). "History of Ayscoughee Hall" (PDF). South Holland Museum Service. Retrieved 2013-03-09. Has an extensive and useful Bibliography
- Glenn, John (July 2000). "Historical appraisal of the pleasure gardens" (PDF). Anderson and Glenn, Boston. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
- Penn, Kenneth (January 2008). "An Archaeological Desk-based Survey of Ayscoughfee Hall Gardens" (PDF). NAU archaeology. Retrieved 2013-03-09.
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