Ayya Vaikunda Avataram
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The Ayya Vaikunda Avataram (Tamil: ஐயா வைகுண்ட அவதாரம் - Incarnation of Vaikundar) is a festival celebrated by the followers of Ayyavazhi on the 20th day of the Tamil month of Masi, the date on which the Ayyavazhi followers believe that Lord Vaikundar arose from the sea at Thiruchendur as the son of Mummorthies to destroy the evil spirit of Kali and transform the Kaliyukam into Dharma Yukam.
This is the only Ayyavazhi festival which is celebrated simultaneously in all worship centres of Ayyavazhi on 19th Masi, the day before the date of incarnation of Vaikundar. The Ayya Vaikunda Vaikunda Avataram is a restricted holiday for the entire state of Tamil Nadu and is a local holiday for the districts of Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts. The Great Masi Procession from Nagercoil to Swamithope on the Avathar day is one among the largest religious processions in Tamil Nadu.
A grand procession originates from Thiruchendur to Nagercoil on the 19th of Masi representing the way of Vaikundar after the Avataram to Detchanam, and another procession starts from Thiruvananthapuram to Nagercoil, on the same date representing the release of Lord Vaikundar from the Jail of Singarathoppe. Both meet at Nagercoil in the evening and at the next early morning, on the 20th of Masi The Vaikunda Avatara Orvalam originates from Nagercoil to Swamithoppe with several devotees. This is one of the largest festivals of the district which attracts a large crowd.
As per the scriptures of Ayyavazhi the incarnation of Vaikundar was from the Sea of Tiruchendur on 20th of Masi. So on celebrating this event the nationwide followers of Ayyavazhi assemble at Tiruchendur on that day (19th Masi or 3 March) at Avatharappathi, the Pathi erected on the sea-shore where Ayya is believed to be incarnated.
On 18th Masi, (previous day) night the festival at Tiruchendur is celebrated in a grand scale and several conferences, cultural programs and Anna Dharmams were held and the celebration goes on for the full night. Then on the 19th Masi morning, around 8 O' clock the people assembled there will take a holy bath in the Sea of Thiruchendur under the leadership of Payyan (any one from Payyan dynasty). This practise of taking bath (holy dip) at Thiruchendur on the day of Vaikunda Avatar is considered sacred. The Payyan applies sacred 'Namam' on everybody's forehead. Then around 9 O' clock the procession starts from Tiruchendur under the leadership of Payyan. The people follows Payyan chanting "Ayya Siva-siva Siva-siva ara-kara ara-kara". Several vehicles such as trucks, vans and cars follow the procession.
The procession goes through Seerkatchi, Nainarpathu, Udangudi, Chettiarpuram, Theriyoor, Santhayadi, Kottankadu, Muthukrishnapuram, Padukkapathu, Thattarmadam, Thisayanvilai and reaches Erumaikulam at noon. Here the people participate in Anna Dharmam. Then, the procession starts from here and travels through Ayankulam, Karaichuthupudur, Koodankulam, Chettikulam, Chalaipudur, Avaraikulam, Ambalavanapuram, Aralvaimozhi, Thovalai and reaches Athalavilai.
Ayya Vaikundar, was released from the Jail of Singarathoppe on 19th Masi, (3 March) after the trial with the king of Travancore, Swathi Thirunal. After the release Ayya was carried in a Vahana to Swamithoppe, by his followers. So on celebrating this event the people used to go to Thiruvananthapuram on that day and go as a procession to Swamithoppe.
Though religiously, this celebration is not associated with the incarnation of Vaikundar, since it coincides with that day it too is commonly seen as an incarnational fest and is celebrated in the same vein. Though this was an on-foot procession for some years, now it was changed as a vehicle procession. Most of the people who participate in this procession are from Kerala. Like wise the Tiruchendur procession, this procession is also led by a Payyan.
The procession starts from East Fort to Nagercoil through the Thiruvananthapuram - Kanyakumari Highway (NH - 47). It passes through the towns of Balaramapuram, Parasala, Kaliyakkavilai, Marthandam, and Thuckalay and finally reaches Athalavilai around 6.30 pm
Celebration in Nagercoil
Both the Thiruchendur and Thiruvananthapuram processions unifies at Athalavilai. The 'Vaikunda Jyothi' is lighted on the top of a hillock Vaikunda Malai at Athalavilai. Then the procession proceeds to Nagercoil. A religious conference is held there in Nagercoil. Eminent persons participate in the conference. It is followed by cultural and religious programs etc. Ayyavazhi devotees from all over the nation stays here over the night.
The Great Masi Procession
On the next day on 20th of Masi, (4 March) 'The Great Masi Procession' begins early in the morning from Nagercoil. The Payyan (usually Pattathu Ayya) will lead the procession. A decorated vahana is carried in front of the procession in which the Akilattirattu Ammanai (palm-leaf version) is sacredly placed. This is an on-foot procession and people walk following the vahana, chanting Ayya 'Siva-siva Siva-siva Ara-kara Ara-kara' . The participants will hold a saffron flag on their hands. Decorated Elephants and horses participate in this procession.
The procession goes through Edalakudi, Suchindrum, Vazukamparai, Ethankadu, North Thamaraikulam. As a sign of religious harmony, people of different faiths, Christians at Kottar; Muslims at Edalakkudi; and Hindus at Suchindram; welcome the procession by offering churul or garlands on the way. The procession reaches Swamithoppe at 12 noon and goes to the Muthirikkinaru first and then through the four car streets (Ratha veethi) of Swamithope pathi. Then it goes around the Santhana veethi, the inner-circumambulating route of pathi (shown in the blue print above). Before entering the Pathi the people hand over the flags at the pathi.
Lakhs of Ayyavazhi followers participate in this procession, and thousands of Vehicles follows. So the transport on Nagercoil-Kanyakumari Highway will be closed on that day till noon. This is one of the largest festivals of the state which attracts a huge crowd beyond the state.
Also, several other Pathis too conduct processions on that day. Apart from these, the festival is also celebrated all over Tamil Nadu and Kerala grandly with processions in some Thangals including in chennai in which thousands participate.
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- List of Ayyavazhi-related articles
- Ayyavazhi mythology
- Ayya Vaikundar
- Swamithope pathi
- Dina Malar, (5 March 2007) Nagercoil Edition, Page 8.
- Dina Thanthi, (5 March 2007) Tirunelveli Edition, Page 2.
- Daily Thanthi, Daily, Nagercoil Edition, 5 March 2006.
- Thamizh Murasu, Evening Daily, Nagercoil Edition, 4 March 2006.
- "Dina Malar" (Kanyakumari District). Ayya Vaikundar Avathara Dina Vizha. Retrieved 2007-03-05.[dead link]
- "The Hindu" ('Engagements'). Ayya Vaikunda Dharmapathi (Chennai, India). Archived from the original on 4 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-07.
- "The Hindu" ('In Coimbatore today'). Ayya Vaikunta Sivapathi. Retrieved 2007-02-07.
- "The Hindu" ('Around the City'). Birth anniversary celebrations (Chennai, India). 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2007-09-16.
- "satrumun" ('தமிழ்நாடு'). ஐயா வைகுண்டசாமியின் 175-வது அவதார திருநாள். Retrieved 2007-03-07.
- G. Patrick's, Religion and Subaltern Agency, University of Madras, 2003.
- N. Elango and Vijaya Shanthi Elango's, Ayya Vaikuntar - The Light of the World, 2000.
- The Hindu, Thiruvananthapuram Edition, 5 March 2007.
- Thousands take part in Ayya Vaikundar Avatar day - The Hindu