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Varqa u Gulshāh

Ayyuqi (Persian: عیوقی‎‎) was a 10th-century Persian poet. A contemporary of Mahmud of Ghazni, he wrote the epic Varqa u Gulshāh (ورقه و گلشاه) in 2,250 verses, story of the love between a youth named Varqa and a maiden, Golshah. According to the poet himself, the story is based on the Arabic work ‘Orwa wa ‘Afra. The work survives in a unique manuscript at Istanbul (in picture). He also wrote some qasidas. No reliable information about Ayyuqi has come down.[1] His works are characterized by paired rhyme interspersed with ghazal.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dj. Khaleghi-Motlagh. "ʿAYYŪQĪ". In Encyclopædia Iranica. December 15, 1987. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  • Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. 1968 OCLC 460598. ISBN 90-277-0143-1
  • See the work of professor A. Ateş