Azad Dam

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Azad Dam
Azad Dam is located in Iran
Azad Dam
Location of Azad Dam in Iran
Country Iran
Location Sanandaj
Coordinates 35°20′04″N 46°32′56″E / 35.33444°N 46.54889°E / 35.33444; 46.54889Coordinates: 35°20′04″N 46°32′56″E / 35.33444°N 46.54889°E / 35.33444; 46.54889
Status Under construction
Dam and spillways
Impounds Gura River
Height 115 m (377 ft)[1]
Length 595 m (1,952 ft)
Width (crest) 15 m (49 ft)
Dam volume 8,500,000 m3 (11,117,580 cu yd)
Total capacity 260,000,000 m3 (210,000 acre·ft)
Power station
Commission date 2013 (expected)
Turbines 3 x 3.3 MW (4,400 hp) Francis-type, 3 x 166.3 MW (223,000 hp) reversible Francis
Installed capacity Conventional max. planned: 10 MW (13,000 hp)[2]
Pumped storage max. planned: 500 MW[3]
Annual generation 95 GWh (340 TJ)

Azad Dam is an under construction embankment dam on the Gura River, 40 km (25 mi) west of Sanandaj in Kordestan province, Iran. It is situated in Kurdistan Province and its construction is part of a water management plan for Kurdistan Province.[4] It is currently under construction and when completed, it will have an installed electricity generating capacity of 10 MW (13,000 hp) and an additional pumped storage power plant with a regenerating capacity of 500 MW (670,000 hp). The pumped storage power plant is to be connected to the dam via a 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) tunnel of which 110 metres (360 ft) had already been built by June 2010. The dam with a length of 595 metres (1,952 ft) and a height of 115 metres (377 ft), is to have a maximum storage capacity of 260,000,000 m3 (210,000 acre·ft) of water. A 175 kilometres (109 mi) canal connecting the dam with towns of Qarveh and Dehlegan will annually supply over 0.25 cubic kilometres (200,000 acre·ft) of water for agricultural purposes to these towns. As the water table of these towns have gone down by over 18 metres (59 ft) due to the excessive use of underground water for crop cultivation, the construction of this dam will help to conserve the underground water sources of the area. One village had to be relocated due to construction of the dam and another new village has been built near the body of the dam. It is estimated that Azad dam will yearly produce approximately 95 GWh of electricity. The dam is to become fully operational by 2013.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Azad Dam". Stratus International. Archived from the original on 23 April 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Azad H.E.P.P.". Farab Co. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Azad Pumped Storage HEPP". ASD Group. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Azad dam project in Kurdistan 91 years to be operational" (in Persian). Saba Info. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  5. ^ استاندار: آبگيري سد آزاد كردستان اواخر سال آينده آغاز مي شود (in Persian). Mag Iran. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Azad dam project in Kurdistan is 32% physical progress Fars News Agency: Governor of Kurdistan province announced the release of dam improvement of 32%" (in Persian). Saba Info. Retrieved 6 June 2013.