Muhammad Azam Khan

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Azam Khan khalil
Birth name Mohammad Azam Khan
Nickname(s) MA Khan
Born 1908
Died 1994 (86 or 87 years old)
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1928-1962
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Unit Army Armoured Corps
Commands held Eastern Military High Command
I Strike Corps
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Lahore Operation

Lieutenant General Muhammad Azam Khan (1908–1994) was a senior general of the Pakistan army who was a minister under General Ayub Khan, the first military ruler of Pakistan and former Governor of East Pakistan.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was born on 1909 in Mathra, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, British Raj. In 1929 he joined the British Indian Army. He graduated from Dehradun Military College and Sandhurst Military College.[2]


He started his career in the Rifle Brigade and then the Hyderabad Regiment. He fought in Arakan, Burma in World War Two. By 1947 he was an Assistant Quarter Master General. In 1948 he was made Brigade Commander. In January 1950 he was promoted to Major General in and four years later to Lieutenant General.[2]

He was the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of Lahore Garrison and was appointed Martial Law Administrator in 1953.[2] As the GOC he oversaw the suppression of anti-Ahmadiyya violence following the Lahore riots of 1953, and served as the top army commander in East Pakistan before joining Ayub Khan's military regime. He helped Ayub Khan in his coup d'état in 1958. On 28 October 1958 he was made a senior Minister for Refugees Rehabilitation in Ayub Khans administration.[2] He was made the Governor of East Pakistan province on 14 April 1960. He was well liked governor in East Pakistan.[2][3] He remained in office till and during the presidential election of 1964. Azam Khan "supported the presidential candidacy of Fatima Jinnah" and continued to work strongly against Ayub Khan until after the latter's ouster.[4]


He died in Lahore, Pakistan on 1994.[2]


  1. ^ "BANGABHABAN - The President House of Bangladesh". Retrieved 2016-11-16. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Khan, Lt. General Mohammad Azam - Banglapedia". Retrieved 2016-11-16. 
  3. ^ "Relief Work in Pakistan". The Glasgow Herald. 18 October 1960. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Baxter, Craig; Syedur Rahman; Syedur Rahman (2003). Historical dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 49. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Office established
Unified Commander of Eastern Military High Command
11 April 1960 – 11 May 1962
Succeeded by
RAdm Muzaffar Hassan
Political offices
Preceded by
Zakir Husain
Governor of East Pakistan
1960 – 1962
Succeeded by
Ghulam Faruque Khan